Statistical information Hong Kong 1994Hong%20Kong

Map of Hong Kong | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Hong Kong in the World
Hong Kong in the World


Hong Kong - Introduction 1994
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Background: Pursuant to the agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong will become a special administrative region of China on 1 July 1997. Under the terms of this agreement, China has promised that Hong Kong shall enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs.

Hong Kong - Geography 1994
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Location: Eastern Asia, on the southeast coast of China bordering the South China Sea

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAsia, Southeast Asia, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 1,040 km²
Land: 990 km²

Land boundaries: total 30 km, China 30 km

Coastline: 733 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 3 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall

Terrain: hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north


Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 7%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 1%
Forest and woodland: 12%
Other: 79%

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: occasional typhoons

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Hong Kong - People 1994
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Population: 5,548,754 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: -0.09% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Chinese

Ethnic groups: Chinese 95%, other 5%

Languages: Chinese (Cantonese), English

Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.09% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 12.16 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.85 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -7.21 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.8 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 80.09 years
Male: 76.67 years
Female: 83.71 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.37 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over having ever attended school (1971)
Total population: 77%
Male: 90%
Female: 64%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Hong Kong - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Abbreviation:HK

Government type: dependent territory of the UK scheduled to revert to China in 1997

Capital: Victoria

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK; the UK signed an agreement with China on 19 December 1984 to return Hong Kong to China on 1 July 1997; in the joint declaration, China promises to respect Hong Kong's existing social and economic systems and lifestyle)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 29 August (1945)

Constitution: unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice; new Basic Law approved in March 1990 in preparation for 1997

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: direct election 21 years of age; universal for permanent residents living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven years; indirect election limited to about 100,000 professionals of electoral college and functional constituencies

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Governor Chris PATTEN (since 9 July 1992); Chief Secretary Anson CHAN Fang On-Sang (since 29 November 1993)

Legislative branch: Headquarters of British Forces, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force, Royal Hong Kong Police Force
Legislative Council: indirect elections last held 12 September 1991 and direct elections were held for the first time 15 September 1991 (next to be held in September 1995 when the number of directly-elected seats increases to 20); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (60 total; 21 indirectly elected by functional constituencies, 18 directly elected, 18 appointed by governor, 3 ex officio members); indirect elections - number of seats by functional constituency NA; direct elections - UDHK 12, Meeting Point 3, ADPL 1, other 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: COCOM (cooperating), APEC, AsDB, CCC, ESCAP (associate), GATT, ICFTU, IMO (associate), INTERPOL (subbureau), IOC, ISO (correspondent), WCL, WMO

Diplomatic representation
From the us: none (dependent territory of the UK)
From the us chief of mission: Consul General Richard MUELLER
From the us consulate general: 26 Garden Road, Hong Kong
From the us mailing address: PSC 464, Box 30, Hong Kong, or FPO AP 96,522-0002
From the us telephone: [852] 523-9,011
From the us FAX: [852] 845-1598

Flag descriptionflag of Hong%20Kong: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant with the Hong Kong coat of arms on a white disk centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a shield (bearing two junks below a crown) held by a lion (representing the UK) and a dragon (representing China) with another lion above the shield and a banner bearing the words HONG KONG below the shield

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Hong Kong - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Hong Kong has a bustling free market economy with few tariffs or nontariff barriers. Natural resources are limited, and food and raw materials must be imported. Manufacturing accounts for about 17% of GDP. Goods and services exports account for about 50% of GDP. Real GDP growth averaged a remarkable 8% in 1987-88, slowed to 3.0% in 1989-90, and picked up to 4.2% in 1991, 5.0% in 1992, and 5.2% in 1993. Unemployment, which has been declining since the mid-1980s, is now about 2%. A shortage of labor continues to put upward pressure on prices and the cost of living. Short-term prospects remain bright so long as major trading partners continue to be reasonably prosperous.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5.2% (1993)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: minor role in the economy; local farmers produce 26% fresh vegetables, 27% live poultry; 8% of land area suitable for farming

Industries: textiles, clothing, tourism, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks

Industrial production growth rate: 2% (1993 est.)

Labor force: 2.8 million (1990)
By occupation manufacturing: 28.5%
By occupation wholesaleandretailtrade restaurants and hotels: 27.9%
By occupation services: 17.7%
By occupation financing insurance andrealestate: 9.2%
By occupation transport and communications: 4.5%
By occupation construction: 2.5%
By occupation other: 9.7% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2.3% (1993 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$19.2 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $145.1 billion (including re-exports of $104.2 billion )(f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodities: clothing, textiles, yarn and fabric, footwear, electrical appliances, watches and clocks, toys
Partners: China 32%, US 23%, Germany 5%, Japan 5%, UK 3% (1993 est.)

Imports: $149.6 billion (c.i.f., 1993 est.)
Commodities: foodstuffs, transport equipment, raw materials, semimanufactures, petroleum
Partners: China 36%, Japan 19%, Taiwan 9%, US 7% (1993 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: none (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Hong Kong dollars (HK$) per US$ - 7.800 (1993), 7.741 (1992), 7.771 (1991), 7.790 (1990), 7.800 (1989; note - linked to the US dollar at the rate of about 7.8 HK$ per 1 US$ since 1985

Hong Kong - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 29.4 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 4,980 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Hong Kong - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Hong Kong - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $300 million, 0.5% of GDP (1989 est.), this represents one-fourth of the total cost of defending itself, the remainder being paid by the UK

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Hong Kong - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Hong Kong - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: a hub for Southeast Asian heroin trade; transshipment and major financial and money-laundering center

Economy Bookings

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