Statistical information Israel 1994Israel

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Israel - Introduction 1994
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Background: The territories occupied by Israel since the 1967 war are not included in the data below. In keeping with the framework established at the Madrid Conference in October 1991, bilateral negotiations are being conducted between Israel and Palestinian representatives, Syria, and Jordan to determine the final status of the occupied territories. On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace treaty. Outstanding territorial and other disputes with Jordan were resolved in the 26 October 1994 Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace.


Israel - Geography 1994
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Location: Middle East, bordering the eastern Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Middle East, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 20,770 km²
Land: 20,330 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,006 km, Egypt 255 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km

Coastline: 273 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

Elevation

Natural resources: copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, manganese, small amounts of natural gas and crude oil
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 17%
Permanent crops: 5%
Meadows and pastures: 40%
Forest and woodland: 6%
Other: 32%

Irrigated land: 2,140 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: sandstorms may occur during spring and summer

Geography
Note: there are 200 Jewish settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank, 40 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 24 in the Gaza Strip, and 25 in East Jerusalem (April 1994)


Israel - People 1994
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Population: 5,050,850 (July 1994 est.)
Note: includes 110,500 Jewish settlers in the West Bank, 14,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 4,500 in the Gaza Strip, and 144,100 in East Jerusalem (1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.22% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Israeli(s)

Ethnic groups: Jewish 83%, non-Jewish 17% (mostly Arab)

Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language

Religions: Judaism 82%, Islam 14% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2%, Druze and other 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.22% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 20.55 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 6.43 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 8.04 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: limited arable land: and freshwater resources pose serious constraints; deforestation; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8.6 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.96 years
Male: 75.86 years
Female: 80.16 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.83 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1983)
Total population: 92%
Male: 95%
Female: 89%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Israel - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Israel
Conventional short form:
local long form: Medinat Yisra'el
local short form; Yisra'el


Government type: republic

Capital: Jerusalem
Note: Israel proclaimed Jerusalem its capital in 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv

Administrative divisions: 6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz; Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv

Dependent areas

Independence: 14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 14 May 1948 (Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur in April or May)

Constitution: no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the basic laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Israeli citizenship law

Legal system: mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, in personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; in December 1985, Israel informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Ezer WEIZMAN (since 13 May 1993) election last held 24 March 1993 (next to be held NA March 1999); results - Ezer WEIZMAN elected by Knesset
Head of government: Prime Minister Yitzhak RABIN (since NA July 1992)

Legislative branch: Israel Defense Forces (including ground, naval, and air components)
Parliament Knesset: elections last held NA June 1992 (next to be held by NA 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (120 total) Labor Party 44, Likud bloc 32, Meretz 12, Tzomet 8, National Religious Party 6, Shas 6, United Torah Jewry 4, Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash) 3, Moledet 3, Arab Democratic Party 2; note - in 1994 three new parties were formed, Yi'ud (from Tzomet), Histadrut List (from the Labor Party), and Peace Guard (from Moledet), resulting in the following new distribution of seats - Labor Party 41, Likud bloc 32, Meretz 12, National Religious Party 6, Shas 6, Tzomet 5, United Torah Jewry 4, Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash) 3, Yi'ud 3, Histadrut List 3, Moledet 2, Arab Democratic Party 2, Peace Guard 1
Note: historically, there have been no separate Israeli military services

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AG (observer), CCC, CE (observer), CERN (oberver), EBRD, ECE, FAO, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, OAS (observer), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Edward DJEREJIAN (expected to resign in August 1994)
From the us chancery: 3,514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: [972] (3) 517-4,338
From the us fax: (202) 364-5,610
From the us consulates general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
From the us embassy: 71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv
From the us mailing address: PSC 98, Box 100, Tel Aviv; APO AE 9,830
From the us FAX: [972] (3) 663-449

Flag descriptionflag of Israel: white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Israel - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Israel has a market economy with substantial government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Israel has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Industry employs about 22% of Israeli workers, construction 6.5%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3.5%, and services most of the rest. Diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are leading exports. Israel usually posts current account deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. Roughly half of the government's external debt is owed to the United States, which is its major source of economic and military aid. To earn needed foreign exchange, Israel has been targeting high-technology niches in international markets, such as medical scanning equipment. The influx of Jewish immigrants from the former USSR, which topped 450,000 during the period 1990-93, increased unemployment, intensified housing problems, and strained the government budget. At the same time, the immigrants bring to the economy valuable scientific and professional expertise. Economic problems have eased as immigration has declined, but activity has slowed as the economy shifts from housing to export-driven growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.5% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 7% of GDP; largely self-sufficient in food production, except for grains; principal products - citrus and other fruits, vegetables, cotton; livestock products - beef, dairy, poultry

Industries: food processing, diamond cutting and polishing, textiles and apparel, chemicals, metal products, military equipment, transport equipment, electrical equipment, miscellaneous machinery, potash mining, high-technology electronics, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: 6.5% (1993 est.), accounts for about 30% of GDP

Labor force: 1.9 million (1992)
By occupation public services: 29.3%
By occupation industry: 22.1%
By occupation commerce: 13.9%
By occupation finance and business: 10.4%
By occupation personal and other services: 7.4%
By occupation construction: 6.5%
By occupation transport storage and communications: 6.3%
By occupation agriculture forestry and fishing: 3.5%
By occupation other: 0.6% (1992)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10.4% (1993 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$33.4 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year (since 1 January 1992)

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $14.1 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodities: machinery and equipment, cut diamonds, chemicals, textiles and apparel, agricultural products, metals
Partners: US, EC, Japan

Imports: $20.3 billion (c.i.f., 1993 est.)
Commodities: military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, oil, other productive inputs, consumer goods
Partners: US, EC

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $24.8 billion (December 1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels (NIS) per US$1 - 2.9760 (February 1994), 2.8301 (1993), 2.4591 (1992), 2.2791 (1991), 2.0162 (1990), 1.9164 (1989)


Israel - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 21.84 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 4,600 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Israel - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Israel - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $12.5 billion, 18% of GDP (1993)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Israel - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 55
Usable: 48
With permanentsurface runways: 30
With runways over 3659 m: 1
With runways 2440-3659 m: 6
With runways 1220-2439 m: 13

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 708 km; petroleum products 290 km; natural gas 89 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: 33 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 637,097 GRT/737,762 DWT, cargo 8, container 22, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off cargo 1
Note: Israel also maintains a significant flag of convenience fleet, which is normally at least as large as the Israeli flag fleet; the Israeli flag of convenience fleet typically includes all of its oil tankers

Ports and terminals


Israel - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: separated from Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank by the 1949 Armistice Line; differences with Jordan over the location of the 1949 Armistice Line that separates the two countries; the Gaza Strip and Jericho, formerly occupied by Israel, are now administered by the Palestinian Authority; other areas of the West Bank outside Jericho are Israeli occupied; Golan Heights is Israeli occupied; Israeli troops in southern Lebanon since June 1982; water-sharing issues with Jordan

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: increasingly concerned about cocaine and heroin abuse and trafficking


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