Statistical information Jamaica 1994Jamaica

Map of Jamaica | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Jamaica in the World
Jamaica in the World

Corel


Jamaica - Introduction 1994
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Background: Jamaica gained full independence within the British Commonwealth in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence and a dropoff in tourism. Elections in 1980 saw the democratic socialists voted out of office and a more conservative government installed.


Jamaica - Geography 1994
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Location: Caribbean, in the northern Caribbean Sea, about 160 km south of Cuba

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean, North America, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 10,990 km²
Land: 10,830 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,022 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Elevation

Natural resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 19%
Permanent crops: 6%
Meadows and pastures: 18%
Forest and woodland: 28%
Other: 29%

Irrigated land: 350 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: subject to hurricanes (especially July to November)

Geography
Note: strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for Panama Canal


Jamaica - People 1994
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Population: 2,555,064 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 1.02% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Jamaican(s)

Ethnic groups: African 76.3%, Afro-European 15.1%, East Indian and Afro-East Indian 3%, white 3.2%, Chinese and Afro-Chinese 1.2%, other 1.2%

Languages: English, Creole

Religions: Protestant 55.9% (Church of God 18.4%, Baptist 10%, Anglican 7.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.9%, Pentecostal 5.2%, Methodist 3.1%, United Church 2.7%, other 2.5%), Roman Catholic 5%, other, including some spiritual cults 39.1% (1982)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.02% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 21.69 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.62 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -5.9 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation; water pollution

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 16.8 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 74.36 years
Male: 72.16 years
Female: 76.68 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.41 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over having ever attended school (1990 est.)
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Jamaica - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
none
conventional short form


Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Kingston

Administrative divisions: 14 parishes; Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 August 1962 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day (first Monday in August) (1962)

Constitution: 6 August 1962

Legal system: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Howard COOKE (since 1 August 1991)
Head of government: Prime Minister P. J. PATTERSON (since 30 March 1992); Deputy Prime Minister Seymour MULLINGS (since NA)

Legislative branch: Jamaica Defense Force (including Ground Forces, Coast Guard and Air Wing), Jamaica Constabulary Force
Senate: consists of a 21-member body appointed by the governor general
House of Representatives: elections last held 30 March 1993 (next to be held by February 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (60 total) PNP 52, JLP 8

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, CARICOM, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-19, G-77, GATT, G-15, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, LORCS, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Lacy A. WRIGHT, Jr.
From the us chancery: Suite 355, 1850 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20,006
From the us telephone: (809) 929-4,850 through 4,859
From the us fax: (809) 926-6,743
From the us consulates general: Miami and New York
From the us embassy: Jamaica Mutual Life Center, 2 Oxford Road, 3rd floor, Kingston
From the us mailing address: use Embassy street address

Flag descriptionflag of Jamaica: diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles - green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and fly side)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Jamaica - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The economy is based on sugar, bauxite, and tourism. In September 1988, Hurricane Gilbert inflicted severe damage on crops and the electric power system, a sharp but temporary setback to the economy. By October 1989 the economic recovery from the hurricane was largely complete, and real growth was up to about 3% for 1989. In 1991, however, growth dropped to 0.2% as a result of the US recession, lower world bauxite prices, and monetary instability. In 1992, growth was 1.2%, supported by a recovery in tourism and stabilization of the Jamaican dollar in the second half of 1992.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.2% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 7% of GDP, 23% of work force, and 17% of exports; commercial crops - sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, potatoes, vegetables; livestock and livestock products include poultry, goats, milk; not self-sufficient in grain, meat, and dairy products

Industries: tourism, bauxite mining, textiles, food processing, light manufactures

Industrial production growth rate: 2% (1990; accounts for almost 25% of GDP

Labor force: 1,062,100
By occupation services: 41%
By occupation agriculture: 22.5%
By occupation industry: 19%
By occupation unemployed: 17.5% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15.4% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$600 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.1 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: alumina, bauxite, sugar, bananas, rum
Partners: US 40%, UK 14%, Germany 10%, Canada 10%, Norway 7%

Imports: $1.5 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: fuel, other raw materials, construction materials, food, transport equipment, other machinery and equipment
Partners: US 53%, UK 5%, Venezuela 6%, Germany 5%, Japan 4.0%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $4.5 billion (1992 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Jamaican dollars (J$) per US$1 -32.758 (31 December 1993), 22.960 (1992), 12.116 (1991), 7.184 (1990), 5.7446 (1989)


Jamaica - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2.736 trillion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,090 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Jamaica - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Jamaica - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $19.3 million, 1% of GDP (FY91/92)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Jamaica - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 40
Usable: 27
With permanentsurface runways: 10
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 2
With runways 1220-2439 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: petroleum products 10 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: 4 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 9,618 GRT/16,215 DWT, bulk 2, oil tanker 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 1

Ports and terminals


Jamaica - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine from Central and South America to North America and Europe; illicit cultivation of cannabis; government has an active cannabis eradication program


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