Statistical information Kiribati 1994Kiribati

Map of Kiribati | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Kiribati in the World
Kiribati in the World

Iberostar Hotels

Kiribati - Introduction 1994
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Background: The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.

Kiribati - Geography 1994
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Location: Oceania, Micronesia, straddling the equator in the Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Total area total: 717 km²
Land: 717 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,143 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds

Terrain: mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs


Natural resources: phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 51%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 3%
Other: 46%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; subject to occasional tornadoes

Note: 20 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia and Nauru

Kiribati - People 1994
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Population: 77,853 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 1.99% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:I-Kiribati (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: Micronesian

Languages: English (official), Gilbertese

Religions: Roman Catholic 52.6%, Protestant (Congregational) 40.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist, Baha'i, Church of God, Mormon 6% (1985)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.99% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 31.64 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 12.31 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.56 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 98.4 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 54.16 years
Male: 52.56 years
Female: 55.78 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.77 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Kiribati - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati
Conventional short form: former:Gilbert Islands

Government type: republic

Capital: Tarawa

Administrative divisions: 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
Note: a new administrative structure of 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) may have been changed to 21 island councils (one for each of the inhabited islands) named Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Canton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina

Dependent areas

Independence: 12 July 1979 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 July (1979)

Constitution: 12 July 1979

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state and head of government:President (Beretitenti) Teatao TEANNAKI (since 8 July 1991; Vice President (Kauoman-ni-Beretitenti) Taomati IUTA (since 8 July 1991; election last held on 8 July 1991 (next to be held by NA 1996; results - Teatao TEANNAKI 52%, Roniti TEIWAKI 28%

Legislative branch: Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; there are small police posts on all islands; no military force is maintained
House of Assembly Maneaba Ni Maungatabu: elections last held on 8 May 1991 (next to be held by NA 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (40 total; 39 elected) percent of seats by party NA

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFC, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, UPU, WHO

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
Kiribati has no mission in the US
the ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Kiribati

Flag descriptionflag of Kiribati: the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Kiribati - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The country has few national resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Real GDP declined about 8% in 1987, as the fish catch fell sharply to only one-fourth the level of 1986 and copra production was hampered by repeated rains. Output rebounded strongly in 1988, with real GDP growing by 17%. The upturn in economic growth came from an increase in copra production and a good fish catch. Following the strong surge in output in 1988, GNP increased 1% in both 1989 and 1990.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.5% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 23% of GDP (including fishing; copra and fish contribute about 65% to exports; subsistence farming predominates; food crops - taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: fishing, handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (1992 est.), accounts for less than 4% of GDP

Labor force: 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$29.9 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.2 million (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodities: copra 50%, seaweed 16%, fish 15%
Partners: Denmark, Fiji, US

Imports: $33.1 million (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
Partners: Australia 40%, Japan 18%, Fiji 17%, NZ 6%, US 4% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2 million (December 1989 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.4364 (January 1994), 1.4704 (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2835 (1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989)

Kiribati - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 13 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 190 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Kiribati - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Kiribati - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Kiribati - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 21
Usable: 20
With permanentsurface runways: 4
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 5

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: small network of canals, totaling 5 km, in Line Islands

Merchant marine: 1 passenger-cargo ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,291 GRT/1,295 DWT

Ports and terminals

Kiribati - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Economy Bookings

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