Statistical information Lithuania 1994Lithuania

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Lithuania in the World
Lithuania in the World

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Lithuania - Introduction 1994
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Background: Independent between the two World Wars Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. In March of 1990 Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence but this proclamation was not generally recognized until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993.


Lithuania - Geography 1994
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Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and Russia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAsia, Europe, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 65,200 km²
Land: 65,200 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,273 km, Belarus 502 km, Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km

Coastline: 108 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: maritime; wet, moderate winters and summers

Terrain: lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil

Elevation

Natural resources: peat
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 49.1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 22.2%
Forest and woodland: 16.3%
Other: 12.4%

Irrigated land: 430 km² (1990)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography


Lithuania - People 1994
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Population: 3,848,389 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 0.74% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Lithuanian(s)

Ethnic groups: Lithuanian 80.1%, Russian 8.6%, Polish 7.7%, Byelorussian 1.5%, other 2.1%

Languages: Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian

Religions: Roman Catholic, Lutheran, other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.74% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 14.71 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 10.95 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 3.62 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 16.7 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.24 years
Male: 66.53 years
Female: 76.19 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.01 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 9-49 can read and write (1989)
Total population: 98%
Male: 99%
Female: 98%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Lithuania - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
Conventional short form:
local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
local short form; Lietuva

Former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type: republic

Capital: Vilnius

Administrative divisions: 44 regions (rajonai, singular - rajonas) and 11 municipalities*:Akmenes Rajonas, Alytaus Rajonas, Alytus*, Anyksciu Rajonas, Birsionas*, Birzu Rajonas, Druskininkai*, Ignalinos Rajonas, Jonavos Rajonas, Joniskio Rajonas, Jurbarko Rajonas, Kaisiadoriu Rajonas, Marijampoles Rajonas, Kaunas*, Kauno Rajonas, Kedainiu Rajonas, Kelmes Rajonas, Klaipeda*, Klaipedos Rajonas, Kretingos Ragonas, Kupiskio Rajonas, Lazdiju Rajonas, Marijampole*, Mazeikiu Ragonas, Moletu Rajonas, Neringa* Pakruojo Rajonas, Palanga*, Panevezio Rajonas, Panevezys*, Pasvalio Rajonas, Plunges Rajonas, Prienu Rajonas, Radviliskio Rajonas, Raseiniu Rajonas, Rokiskio Rajonas, Sakiu Rajonas, Salcininky Rajonas, Siauliai*, Siauliu Rajonas, Silales Rajonas, Siltues Rajonas, Sirvinty Rajonas, Skuodo Rajonas, Svencioniu Rajonas, Taurages Rajonas, Telsiu Rajonas, Traky Rajonas, Ukmerges Rajonas, Utenos Rajonas, Varenos Rajonas, Vilkaviskio Rajonas, Vilniaus Rajonas, Vilnius*, Zarasu Rajonas

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day, 16 February (1918)

Constitution: adopted 25 October 1992

Legal system: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Algirdas Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS (since 25 November 1992; elected acting president by Parliament 25 November 1992 and elected by direct vote 15 February 1993); election last held 14 February 1993 (next to be held NA 1997); results - Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS was elected; note - on 25 November 1992 BRAZAUSKAS was elected chairman of Parliament and, as such, acting president of the Republic; he was confirmed in office by direct balloting 15 February 1993
Head of government: Premier Adolfas SLEZEVICIUS (since 10 March 1993)

Legislative branch: Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force, Security Forces (internal and border troops), National Guard (Skat)
Seimas parliament: elections last held 26 October and 25 November 1992 (next to be held NA); results - LDDP 51%; seats - (141 total) LDDP 73, Conservative Party 30, LKDP 17, LTS 8, Farmers' Union 4, LLS 4, Center Union 2, others 3

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeals

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LORCS, NACC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Darryl N. JOHNSON
From the us chancery: 2,622 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009
From the us telephone: 370-2-223-031
From the us fax: (202) 328-0466
From the us consulates general: New York
From the us embassy: Akmenu 6, Vilnius 232,600
From the us mailing address: APO AE 9,723
From the us FAX: 370-2-222-779

Flag descriptionflag of Lithuania: three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Lithuania - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Since independence in September 1991, Lithuania has made steady progress in developing a market economy. Over 40% of state property has been privatized and trade is diversifying with a gradual shift away from the former Soviet Union to Western markets. Nevertheless, the process has been painful with industrial output in 1993 less than half the 1991 level. Inflation, while lower than in most ex-Soviet states, has exceeded rates in the other Baltic states. Full monetary stability and economic recovery are likely to be impeded by periodic government backtracking on key elements of its reform and stabilization program as it seeks to ease the economic pain of restructuring. Recovery will build on Lithuanian's strategic location with its ice-free port at Klaipeda and its rail and highway hub in Vilnius connecting it with Eastern Europe, Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine, and on its agriculture potential, highly skilled labor force, and diversified industrial sector. Lacking important natural resources, it will remain dependent on imports of fuels and raw materials.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -10% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: employs around 18% of labor force; accounts for 25% of GDP; sugar, grain, potatoes, sugar beets, vegetables, meat, milk, dairy products, eggs, fish; most developed are the livestock and dairy branches, which depend on imported grain; net exporter of meat, milk, and eggs

Industries: employs 42% of the labor force; accounts for 23% of GOP shares in the total production of the former USSR are:metal-cutting machine tools 6.6%; electric motors 4.6%; television sets 6.2%; refrigerators and freezers 5.4%; other branches:petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, and amber

Industrial production growth rate: -52% (1992)

Labor force: 1.836 million
By occupation industry and construction: 42%
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 18%
By occupation other: 40% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.8% (July 1993)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$258.5 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: electronics 18%, petroleum products 5%, food 10%, chemicals 6% (1989)
Partners: Russia 40%, Ukraine 16%, other FSU countries 32%, West 12%

Imports: $NA
Commodities: oil 24%, machinery 14%, chemicals 8%, grain NA% (1989)
Partners: Russia 62%, Belarus 18%, other FSU countries 10%, West 10%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: litai per US$1 - 4 (fixed rate 1 May 1994; 3.9 (late January 1994)


Lithuania - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 25 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 6,600 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Lithuania - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Lithuania - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $NA, 5.5% of GDP (1993 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Lithuania - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 96
Usable: 18
With permanentsurface runways: 12
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 5
With runways 10602439 m: 11
Note: a C-130 can land on a 1,060-m airstrip

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil, 105 km; natural gas 760 km (1992)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 600 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine: 44 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 276,265 GRT/323,505 DWT, cargo 29, combination bulk 11, railcar carrier 3, roll-on/roll-off cargo 1

Ports and terminals


Lithuania - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: dispute with Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) over the position of the Nemunas (Nemen) River border presently located on the Lithuanian bank and not in midriver as by international standards

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for illicit drugs from Central and Southwest Asia and Latin America to Western Europe; limited producer of illicit opium; mostly for domestic consumption


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