Statistical information Luxembourg 1994Luxembourg

Map of Luxembourg | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Luxembourg in the World
Luxembourg in the World

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Luxembourg - Introduction 1994
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Background: Founded in 963 Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957 Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union).


Luxembourg - Geography 1994
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Location: Western Europe, between Belgium and Germany

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceEurope, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 2,586 km²
Land: 2,586 km²

Land boundaries: total 359 km, Belgium 148 km, France 73 km, Germany 138 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: modified continental with mild winters, cool summers

Terrain: mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle floodplain in the southeast

Elevation

Natural resources: iron ore (no longer exploited)
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 24%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 20%
Forest and woodland: 21%
Other: 34%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: landlocked


Luxembourg - People 1994
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Population: 401,900 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 0.8% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Luxembourger(s)

Ethnic groups

Languages: Luxembourgisch, German, French, English

Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant and Jewish 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.8% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 12.81 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 9.47 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 4.7 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 6.8 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.69 years
Male: 73.01 years
Female: 80.52 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.64 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1980 est.)
Total population: 100%
Male: 100%
Female: 100%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Luxembourg - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Conventional short form:
local long form: Grand-Duche de Luxembourg
local short form


Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Administrative divisions:3 districts; Diekirch, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: 1839

National holiday: National Day, 23 June (1921) (public celebration of the Grand Duke's birthday)

Constitution: 17 October 1868, occasional revisions

Legal system: based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch
Chief of state: Grand Duke JEAN (since 12 November 1964); Heir Apparent Prince HENRI (son of Grand Duke Jean, born 16 April 1955)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jacques SANTER (since 21 July 1984); Vice Prime Minister Jacques F. POOS (since 21 July 1984)

Legislative branch: Army, National Gendarmerie
Chamber of Deputies Chambre des Deputes: elections last held on 18 June 1989 (next to be held by June 1994); results - CSV 31.7%, LSAP 27.2%, DP 16.2%, Greens 8.4%, PAC 7.3%, KPL 5.1%, other 4.1%; seats - (60 total) CSV 22, LSAP 18, DP 11, Greens 4, PAC 4, KPL 1
Note: the Council of State (Conseil d'Etat) is an advisory body whose views are considered by the Chamber of Deputies

Judicial branch: Superior Court of Justice (Cour Superieure de Justice)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, Australia Group, Benelux, CCC, CE, COCOM, CSCE, EBRD, EC, ECE, EIB, FAO, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ITU, LORCS, MTCR, NACC, NATO, NEA, NSG, OECD, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNPROFOR, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, ZC

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Edward M. ROWELL
From the us chancery: 2,200 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: [352] 460,123
From the us fax: (202) 328-8,270
From the us consulates general: New York and San Francisco
From the us embassy: 22 Boulevard Emmanuel-Servais, 2,535 Luxembourg City
From the us mailing address: PSC 11, Luxembourg City; APO AE 9,132-5,380
From the us FAX: [352] 461,401

Flag descriptionflag of Luxembourg: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; design was based on the flag of France

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Luxembourg - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The stable, prosperous economy features moderate growth, low inflation, and negligible unemployment. Agriculture is based on small but highly productive family-owned farms. The industrial sector, until recently dominated by steel, has become increasingly more diversified, particularly toward high-technology firms. During the past decade, growth in the financial sector has more than compensated for the decline in steel. Services, especially banking, account for a growing proportion of the economy. Luxembourg participates in an economic union with Belgium on trade and most financial matters, is also closely connected economically to the Netherlands, and as a member of the 12-member European Union enjoys the advantages of the open European market.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1% (1993)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for less than 3% of GDP (including forestry; principal products - barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, fruits, wine grapes; cattle raising widespread

Industries: banking, iron and steel, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum

Industrial production growth rate: -0.5% (1990; accounts for 25% of GDP

Labor force: 177,300 (one-third of labor force is foreign workers, mostly from Portugal, Italy, France, Belgium, and Germany)
By occupation services: 65%
By occupation industry: 31.6%
By occupation agriculture: 3.4% (1988)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.1% (March 1994)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$3.5 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $6.4 billion (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodities: finished steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass, aluminum, other industrial products
Partners: EC 76%, US 5%

Imports: $8.3 billion (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodities: minerals, metals, foodstuffs, quality consumer goods
Partners: Belgium 37%, FRG 31%, France 12%, US 2%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $131.6 million (1989 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Luxembourg francs (LuxF) per US$1 - 36.242 (January 1994), 34.597 (1993), 32.150 (1992), 34.148 (1991), 33.418 (1990), 39.404 (1989; note - the Luxembourg franc is at par with the Belgian franc, which circulates freely in Luxembourg


Luxembourg - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.375 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,450 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Luxembourg - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Luxembourg - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $100 million, 1.2% of GDP (1992)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Luxembourg - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 1
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: petroleum products 48 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 37 km; Moselle River

Merchant marine: 50 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,477,998 GRT/2,424,994 DWT, bulk 8, cargo 2, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 6, combination ore/oil 2, container 4, liquefied gas 9, oil tanker 5, passenger 2, refrigerated cargo 4, roll-on/roll-off cargo 4

Ports and terminals


Luxembourg - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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