Statistical information Malta 1994Malta

Map of Malta | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Malta in the World
Malta in the World


Malta - Introduction 1994
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Background: Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years the island has become a major freight transshipment point financial center and tourist destination. It is an official candidate for EU membership.

Malta - Geography 1994
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Location: Southern Europe, in the central Mediterranean Sea, 93 km south of Sicily (Italy), 290 km north of Libya

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceEurope, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 320 km²
Land: 320 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 140 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs


Natural resources: limestone, salt
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 38%
Permanent crops: 3%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 59%

Irrigated land: 10 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: the country comprises an archipelago, with only the 3 largest islands (Malta, Gozo, and Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors

Malta - People 1994
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Population: 366,767 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 0.79% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Maltese (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: Arab, Sicilian, Norman, Spanish, Italian, English

Languages: Maltese (official), English (official)

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.79% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 13.56 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 7.45 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.84 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: fresh water very scarce; increasing reliance on desalination

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7.9 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.77 years
Male: 74.53 years
Female: 79.18 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.94 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1985)
Total population: 84%
Male: 86%
Female: 82%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Malta - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
Republic of Malta
conventional short form

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Valletta

Administrative divisions: none (administration directly from Valletta)

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 September 1964 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 21 September (1964)

Constitution: 1964 constitution substantially amended on 13 December 1974

Legal system: based on English common law and Roman civil law; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Ugo MIFSUD BONNICI (since 4 April 1994)
Head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Edward (Eddie) FENECH ADAMI (since 12 May 1987); Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Guido DE MARCO (since 14 May 1987)

Legislative branch: Armed Forces, Maltese Police Force
House of Representatives: elections last held on 22 February 1992 (next to be held by February 1997); results - NP 51.8%, MLP 46.5%; seats - (usually 65 total) MLP 36, NP 29; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority; current total 69 (MLP 33, NP 36 after adjustment)

Judicial branch: Constitutional Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: C, CCC, CE, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires William A. MOFFITT (new ambassador nominated, but not confirmed)
From the us chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: [356] 235,960
From the us fax: (202) 387-5,470
From the us consulates: New York
From the us embassy: 2nd Floor, Development House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana, Valletta
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 535, Valletta
From the us FAX: [356] 243,229

Flag descriptionflag of Malta: two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Malta - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Significant resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited freshwater supplies, and has no domestic energy sources. Consequently, the economy is highly dependent on foreign trade and services. Manufacturing and tourism are the largest contributors to the economy. Manufacturing accounts for about 27% of GDP, with the electronics and textile industries major contributors and the state-owned Malta drydocks which employs about 4,300 people. In 1992, about 1,000,000 tourists visited the island. Per capita GDP at $6,600 places Malta in the middle-income range of the world's nations.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4.5% (1992)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 3% of GDP and 2% of the work force (1992; overall, 20% self-sufficient; main products - potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers, hogs, poultry, eggs; generally adequate supplies of vegetables, poultry, milk, pork products; seasonal or periodic shortages in grain, animal fodder, fruits, other basic foodstuffs

Industries: tourism, electronics, ship repair yard, construction, food manufacturing, textiles, footwear, clothing, beverages, tobacco

Industrial production growth rate: 5.4% (1992; accounts for 27% of GDP

Labor force: 127,200
By occupation government(excludingjobcorps): 37%
By occupation services: 26%
By occupation manufacturing: 22%
By occupation trainingprograms: 9%
By occupation construction: 4%
By occupation agriculture: 2% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$1.2 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.3 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment, clothing and footware, printed matter
Partners: Italy 30%, Germany 22%, UK 11%

Imports: $1.93 million (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: food, petroleum, machinery and semimanufactured goods
Partners: Italy 30%, UK 16%, Germany 13%, US 4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $118 million (1990)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Maltese liri (LM) per US$1 - 0.3951 (January 1994), 0.3821 (1993), 0.3178 (1992), 0.3226 (1991), 0.3172 (1990), 0.3483 (1989)

Malta - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.11 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,000 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Malta - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Malta - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $21.9 million, 1.3% of GDP (1989 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Malta - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 897 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 13,959,195 GRT/24,038,587 DWT, barge carrier 3, bulk 259, cargo 296, chemical tanker 25, combination bulk 28, combination ore/oil 18, container 26, liquefied gas 2, multifunction large load carrier 3, oil tanker 157, passenger 6, passenger-cargo 3, railcar carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 17, roll-on/roll-off cargo 20, short-sea passenger 19, specialized tanker 5, vehicle carrier 9
Note: a flag of convenience registry; China owns 11 ships, Russia owns 42 ships, Cuba owns 10, Vietnam owns 6, Croatia owns 63, Romania owns 4

Ports and terminals

Malta - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe

Volotea Air

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