Statistical information Marshall Islands 1994Marshall%20Islands

Map of Marshall Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Marshall Islands in the World
Marshall Islands in the World

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Marshall Islands - Introduction 1994
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Background: After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the islands between 1947 and 1962.

Marshall Islands - Geography 1994
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Location: Oceania, Micronesia, in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way between Hawaii and Papua New Guinea

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 181.3 km²
Land: 181.3 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 370.4 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: wet season May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt

Terrain: low coral limestone and sand islands


Natural resources: phosphate deposits, marine products, deep seabed minerals
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 60%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 40%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: occasionally subject to typhoons

Note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Marshall Islands - People 1994
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Population: 54,031 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 3.86% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Marshallese (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: Micronesian

Languages: English (universally spoken and is the official language), two major Marshallese dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family, Japanese

Religions: Christian (mostly Protestant)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.86% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 46.31 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 7.68 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: inadequate supplies of safe drinking water

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 49.3 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 63.13 years
Male: 61.6 years
Female: 64.74 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.94 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1980)
Total population: 93%
Male: 100%
Female: 88%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Marshall Islands - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of the Marshall Islands
Conventional short form: former:Marshall Islands District (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986

Capital: Majuro

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 October 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday: Proclamation of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 1 May (1979)

Constitution: 1 May 1979

Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state and head of government:President Amata KABUA (since 1979; election last held 6 January 1992 (next to be held NA; results - President Amata KABUA was reelected)

Legislative branch: unicameral
Parliament Nitijela: elections last held 18 November 1991 (next to be held November 1995); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (33 total)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, WHO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador David C. FIELDS
From the us chancery: 2,433 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: (692) 625-4,011
From the us fax: (692) 625-4,012
From the us consulates general: Honolulu and Los Angeles
From the us embassy: NA address, Majuro
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 1379, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands 96,960-1379

Flag descriptionflag of Marshall%20Islands: blue with two stripes radiating from the lower hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; there is a white star with four large rays and 20 small rays on the hoist side above the two stripes

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Marshall Islands - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Agriculture and tourism are the mainstays of the economy. Agricultural production is concentrated on small farms, and the most important commercial crops are coconuts, tomatoes, melons, and breadfruit. A few cattle ranches supply the domestic meat market. Small-scale industry is limited to handicrafts, fish processing, and copra. The tourist industry is the primary source of foreign exchange and employs about 10% of the labor force. The islands have few natural resources, and imports far exceed exports. In 1987 the US Government provided grants of $40 million out of the Marshallese budget of $55 million.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6% (1992)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coconuts, cacao, taro, breadfruit, fruits, pigs, chickens

Industries: copra, fish, tourism; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls; offshore banking (embryonic)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 4,800 (1986)
By occupation: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16% (1991 est)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$55 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $3.9 million (f.o.b., 1992 est)
Commodities: coconut oil, fish, live animals, trichus shells
Partners: US, Japan, Australia

Imports: $62.9 million (c.i.f., 1992 est)
Commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, beverages and tobacco, fuels
Partners: US, Japan, Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Marshall Islands - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 80 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,840 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Marshall Islands - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Marshall Islands - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Marshall Islands - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 16
Usable: 16
With permanentsurface runways: 4
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 8

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 40 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,255,348 GRT/4,351,997 DWT, bulk carrier 23, cargo 2, combination ore/oil 1, container 1, oil tanker 13
Note: a flag of convenience registry

Ports and terminals

Marshall Islands - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: claims US territory of Wake Island

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Volotea Air

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