Statistical information Martinique 1994Martinique

Map of Martinique | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Martinique in the World
Martinique in the World


Martinique - Introduction 1994
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Background: Colonized by France in 1635 the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.

Martinique - Geography 1994
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Location: Caribbean, in the Caribbean Sea, off the coast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean, South America

Total area total: 1,100 km²
Land: 1,060 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 290 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October)

Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano


Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 8%
Meadows and pastures: 30%
Forest and woodland: 26%
Other: 26%

Irrigated land: 60 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: subject to hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity that result in an average of one major natural disaster every five years

Note: defense is the responsibility of France

Martinique - People 1994
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Population: 392,362 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 1.2% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Martiniquais (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: African and African-Caucasian-Indian mixture 90%, Caucasian 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%

Languages: French, Creole patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.2% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 17.96 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10.4 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.01 years
Male: 74.88 years
Female: 81.2 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.92 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1982)
Total population: 93%
Male: 92%
Female: 93%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Martinique - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Department of Martinique
Conventional short form:
local long form: Departement de la Martinique
local short form

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Fort-de-France

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981)
Head of government: Prefect Michel MORIN (since NA); President of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 March 1992); President of the Regional Council Emile CAPGRAS (since 22 March 1992)

Legislative branch: French Forces, Gendarmerie
General Council: elections last held in 25 September and 8 October 1988 (next to be held by NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (44 total) number of seats by party NA; note - a leftist coalition obtained a one-seat margin
Regional Assembly: elections last held on 22 March 1992 (next to be held by March 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (41 total) RPR-UDF 16, MIM 9, PPM 9, PCM 5, independents 2
French Senate: elections last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (2 total) UDF 1, PPM 1
French National Assembly: elections last held on NA June 1993 (next to be held June 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (4 total) RPR 3, FSM 1

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WCL, WFTU

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (overseas department of France)
the post closed in August 1993 (overseas department of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Martinique: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Martinique - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 10% of GDP and the small industrial sector for 10%. Sugar production has declined, with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange. The majority of the work force is employed in the service sector and in administration. Banana workers launched protests late in 1992 because of falling banana prices and fears of greater competition in the European market from other producers.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: including fishing and forestry, accounts for about 10% of GDP; principal crops - pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane for rum; dependent on imported food, particularly meat and vegetables

Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 100,000
By occupation serviceindustry: 31.7%
By occupation constructionandpublicworks: 29.4%
By occupation agriculture: 13.1%
By occupation industry: 7.3%
By occupation fisheries: 2.2%
By occupation other: 16.3%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 32.1% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$268 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $201.5 million (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodities: refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples
Partners: France 57.1%, Guadeloupe 31.5%, French Guiana 6.2%

Imports: $1.5 billion (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodities: petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
Partners: France 62.2%, UK, Italy, Germany, Japan, US

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.9305 (January 1994), 5.6632 (1993), 5.2938 (1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989)

Martinique - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 588 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,580 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Martinique - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Martinique - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Martinique - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Martinique - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for the US and Europe

World Nomads

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