Statistical information Morocco 1994Morocco

Map of Morocco | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Morocco in the World
Morocco in the World

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Morocco - Introduction 1994
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Background: Morocco's long struggle for independence from France ended in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier was turned over to the new country that same year. Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved.

Morocco - Geography 1994
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Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 446,550 km²
Land: 446,300 km²

Land boundaries: total 2,002 km, Algeria 1,559 km, Western Sahara 443 km

Coastline: 1,835 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

Terrain: mostly mountains with rich coastal plains


Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 18%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 28%
Forest and woodland: 12%
Other: 41%

Irrigated land: 12,650 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes

Note: strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar

Morocco - People 1994
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Population: 28,558,635 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.12% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Moroccan(s)

Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%

Languages: Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy

Religions: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.12% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 28.59 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 6.26 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.16 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation; water supplies contaminated by untreated sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 49.6 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 68.23 years
Male: 66.36 years
Female: 70.2 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.83 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 50%
Male: 61%
Female: 38%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Morocco - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Morocco
Conventional short form:
local long form: Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah
local short form; Al Maghrib

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Rabat

Administrative divisions: 37 provinces and 5 municipalities* (wilayas, singular - wilaya; Agadir, Al Hoceima, Azilal, Beni Mellal, Ben Slimane, Boulemane, Casablanca*, Chaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa des Srarhna, Er Rachidia, Essaouira, Fes, Fes*, Figuig, Guelmim, Ifrane, Kenitra, Khemisset, Khenifra, Khouribga, Laayoune, Larache, Marrakech, Marrakech*, Meknes, Meknes*, Nador, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Rabat-Sale*, Safi, Settat, Sidi Kacem, Tanger, Tan-Tan, Taounate, Taroudannt, Tata, Taza, Tetouan, Tiznit

Dependent areas

Independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)

National holiday: National Day, 3 March (1961) (anniversary of King Hassan II's accession to the throne)

Constitution: 10 March 1972, revised 4 September 1992

Legal system: based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of Supreme Court

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: King HASSAN II (since 3 March 1961)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdellatif FILALI (since 29 May 1994)

Legislative branch: Royal Moroccan Army, Royal Moroccan Navy, Royal Moroccan Air Force, Royal Gendarmerie, Auxiliary Forces
Chamber of Representatives Majlis Nawab: elections last held 15 June 1993 (direct popular vote) and 17 September 1993 (indirect special interest vote); next to be held NA 1999; results - seats (333 total), direct popular vote (222 seats) USFP 48, IP 43, MP 33, RNI 28, UC 27, PND 14, MNP 14, PPS 6, PDI 3, SAP 2, PA 2, OADP 2; indirect special interest vote (111 seats) UC 27, MP 18, RNI 13, MNP 11, PND 10, IP 7, Party of Shura and Istiqlal 6, USFP 4, PPS 4, CDT 4, UTM 3, UGTM 2, SAP 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders


Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Marc C. GINSBERG
From the us chancery: 1601 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20,009;
From the us telephone: [212] (7) 76-22-65
From the us fax: (202) 265-0161
From the us consulates general: Casablanca
From the us embassy: 2 Avenue de Marrakech, Rabat
From the us mailing address: PSC 74, Box 003 APO AE 9,718
From the us FAX: [212] (7) 76-56-61

Flag descriptionflag of Morocco: red with a green pentacle (five-pointed, linear star) known as Solomon's seal in the center of the flag; green is the traditional color of Islam

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Morocco - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Morocco faces the typical problems of developing countries--restraining government spending, reducing constraints on private activity and foreign trade, and keeping inflation within bounds. Since the early 1980s the government has pursued an economic program toward these objectives with the support of the IMF, the World Bank, and the Paris Club of creditors. The economy has substantial assets to draw on:the world's largest phosphate reserves, diverse agricultural and fishing resources, a sizable tourist industry, a growing manufacturing sector, and large remittances from Moroccans working abroad. However, a severe drought in 1992-93 has depressed economic activity and held down experts. Real GDP contracted by 2.9% in 1992, and growth for 1993 is estimated at only 2%. Despite these setbacks, initiatives to relax capital controls, strengthen the banking sector, and privatize state enterprises went forward in 1993. Servicing the large debt, high unemployment, and vulnerability to external economic forces remain long-term problems for Morocco.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 14% of GDP, 50% of employment, and 30% of export value; not self-sufficient in food; cereal farming and livestock raising predominate; barley, wheat, citrus fruit, wine, vegetables, olives

Industries: phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: 0.1% (year NA; accounts for 31% of GDP (1991)

Labor force: 7.4 million
By occupation agriculture: 50%
By occupation services: 26%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation other: 9% (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$7.5 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $5.7 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: food and beverages 30%, semiprocessed goods 23%, consumer goods 21%, phosphates 17%
Partners: EC 64%, India 6%, Japan 4%, US 3%

Imports: $8.4 billion (c.i.f., 1992)
Commodities: capital goods 24%, semiprocessed goods 22%, raw materials 16%, fuel and lubricants 16%, food and beverages 13%, consumer goods 9%
Partners: EC 63%, US 6%, Saudi Arabia 4%, FSU 4%, Japan 1%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $21.3 billion (1992)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Moroccan dirhams (DH) per US$1 - 9.669 (January 1994), 9.299 (1993), 8.538 (1992), 8.707 (1991), 8.242 (1990), 8.488 (1989)

Morocco - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 8.864 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 317 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Morocco - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Morocco - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $1.1 billion, 3.8% of GDP (1993 budget)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Morocco - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 73
Usable: 64
With permanentsurface runways: 26
With runways over 3659 m: 2
With runways 2440-3659 m: 13
With runways 1220-2439 m: 25

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 362 km; petroleum products (abandoned) 491 km; natural gas 241 km




Merchant marine: 47 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 226,369 GRT/335,089 DWT, cargo 9, chemical tanker 11, container 3, oil tanker 4, refrigerated cargo 12, roll-on/roll-off cargo 6, short-sea passenger 2

Ports and terminals

Morocco - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: claims and administers Western Sahara, but sovereignty is unresolved; the UN is attempting to hold a referendum; the UN-administered cease-fire has been currently in effect since September 1991; Spain controls five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast of Morocco - the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla which Morocco contests as well as the islands of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of hashish; trafficking on the increase for both domestic and international drug markets; shipments of hashish mostly directed to Western Europe; occasional transit point for cocaine from South America destined for Western Europe.

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