Statistical information Nauru 1994Nauru

Map of Nauru | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Nauru in the World
Nauru in the World

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Nauru - Introduction 1994
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Background: Nauru's phosphate deposits began to be mined early in the 20th century by a German-British consortium; the island was occupied by Australian forces in World War I. Upon achieving independence in 1968 Nauru became the smallest independent republic in the world.


Nauru - Geography 1994
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Location: Oceania, Micronesia, 500 km north-northeast of Papua New Guinea

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 21 km²
Land: 21 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 30 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; monsoonal; rainy season (November to February)

Terrain: sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

Elevation

Natural resources: phosphates
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: rainfall is erratic

Geography
Note: Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator


Nauru - People 1994
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Population: 10,019 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 1.33% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Nauruan(s)

Ethnic groups: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%

Languages: Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes

Religions: Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.33% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 18.03 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.1 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.4 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: limited water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater; phosphate mining threatens limited remaining land resources

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 40.6 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 66.68 years
Male: 64.3 years
Female: 69.18 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.08 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Nauru - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Nauru
Conventional short form: former:Pleasant Island

Government type: republic

Capital: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District

Administrative divisions: 14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren

Dependent areas

Independence: 31 January 1968 (from UN trusteeship under Australia, New Zealand, and UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 31 January (1968)

Constitution: 29 January 1968

Legal system: own Acts of Parliament and British common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch: chief of state and head of government:President Bernard DOWIYOGO (since 12 December 1989; election last held 19 November 1992 (next to be held NA November 1995; results - Bernard DOWIYOGO elected by Parliament

Legislative branch: Directorate of the Nauru Police Force
Parliament: elections last held on 14 November 1992 (next to be held NA November 1995); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (18 total) independents 18
Note: no regular armed forces

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB, C (special), ESCAP, ICAO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UPU

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
consulate(s):Agana (Guam)
the US Ambassador to Australia is accredited to Nauru


Flag descriptionflag of Nauru: blue with a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Nauru - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Revenues come from the export of phosphates, the reserves of which are expected to be exhausted by the year 2000. Phosphates have given Nauruans one of the highest per capita incomes in the Third World - $10,000 annually. Few other resources exist, so most necessities must be imported, including fresh water from Australia. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. Substantial amounts of phosphate income are invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coconuts; other agricultural activity negligible; almost completely dependent on imports for food and water

Industries: phosphate mining, financial services, coconut products

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: by occupation:NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 0%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$69.7 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $93 million (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodities: phosphates
Partners: Australia, NZ

Imports: $73 million (c.i.f., 1984)
Commodities: food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery
Partners: Australia, UK, NZ, Japan

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $33.3 million

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.4364 (January 1994), 1.4704 (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2834 (1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989)


Nauru - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 50 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 5,430 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Nauru - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Nauru - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA - no formal defense structure

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Nauru - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
Usable: 1
With permanentsurface runways: 1
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Nauru - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs




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