Statistical information Papua New Guinea 1994Papua%20New%20Guinea

Map of Papua New Guinea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Papua New Guinea in the World
Papua New Guinea in the World

Sightseeing Pass

Papua New Guinea - Introduction 1994
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Background: The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902 which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975.

Papua New Guinea - Geography 1994
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Location: Southeastern Asia, just north of Australia, between Indonesia and the Solomon Islands

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania, Southeast Asia, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 461,690 km²
Land: 451,710 km²

Land boundaries: total 820 km, Indonesia 820 km

Coastline: 5,152 km

Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October; slight seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills


Natural resources: gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil potential
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 71%
Other: 28%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: some active volcanoes; frequent earthquakes

Note: shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast

Papua New Guinea - People 1994
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Population: 4,196,806 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.31% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Papua New Guinean(s)

Ethnic groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian

Languages: English spoken by 1-2%, pidgin English widespread, Motu spoken in Papua region
Note: 715 indigenous languages

Religions: Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant sects 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.31% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 33.5 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 10.38 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; pollution from mining projects

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 63.3 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 56.43 years
Male: 55.6 years
Female: 57.31 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.65 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 52%
Male: 65%
Female: 38%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Papua New Guinea - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
conventional short form

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port Moresby

Administrative divisions: 20 provinces; Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Capital, New Ireland, Northern, North Solomons, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain

Dependent areas

Independence: 16 September 1975 (from UN trusteeship under Australian administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1975)

Constitution: 16 September 1975

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Wiwa KOROWI (since NA November 1991)
Head of government: Prime Minister Paias WINGTI (since 17 July 1992); Deputy Prime Minister Sir Julius CHAN (since July 1992)

Legislative branch: Papua New Guinea Defense Force (including Army, Navy, Air Force)
National Parliament: (sometimes referred to as the House of Assembly) elections last held 13-26 June 1992 (next to be held NA 1997); results - percent by party NA; seats - (109 total) Pangu Party 24, PDM 17, PPP 10, PAP 10, independents 30, others 18 (association with political parties is fluid)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, APEC, AsDB, ASEAN (observer), C, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LORCS, NAM, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Richard TEARE
From the us chancery: 3rd floor, 1615 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009
From the us telephone: [675] 211-455 or 594, 654
From the us fax: (202) 745-3,679
From the us embassy: Armit Street, Port Moresby
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 1492, Port Moresby, or APO AE 96,553
From the us FAX: [675] 213-423

Flag descriptionflag of Papua%20New%20Guinea: divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red with a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black with five white five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Papua New Guinea - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by the rugged terrain and the high cost of developing an infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for 85% of the population. Mining of numerous deposits, including copper and gold, accounts for about 60% of export earnings. Budgetary support from Australia and development aid under World Bank auspices have helped sustain the economy. Robust growth in 1991-92 was led by the mining sector; the opening of a large new gold mine helped the advance. The economy remained strong in 1993, primarily because of continued growth in the mining and oil sectors.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.2% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 28% of GDP; livelihood for 85% of population; fertile soils and favorable climate permits cultivating a wide variety of crops; cash crops - coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels; other products - tea, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, poultry, pork; net importer of food for urban centers

Industries: copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production, mining of gold, silver, and copper, construction, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: 21% (1992; accounts for 31% of GDP

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$1.33 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.3 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodities: gold, copper ore, oil, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, lobster
Partners: Australia, Japan, South Korea, UK, US

Imports: $1.6 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
Partners: Australia, Japan, US, Singapore, New Zealand, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2.2 billion (April 1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: kina (K) per US$1 - 1.0281 (January 1994), 1.0221 (1993), 1.0367 (1992), 1.0504 (1991), 1.0467 (1990), 1.1685 (1989)

Papua New Guinea - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.6 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 400 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Papua New Guinea - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Papua New Guinea - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $55 million, 1.8% of GDP (1993 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Papua New Guinea - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 504
Usable: 462
With permanentsurface runways: 18
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 39

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 10,940 km

Merchant marine: 11 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 21,337 GRT/25,669 DWT, bulk 2, cargo 3, combination ore/oil 5, container 1

Ports and terminals

Papua New Guinea - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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