Statistical information Pitcairn Islands 1994Pitcairn%20Islands

Map of Pitcairn Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Pitcairn Islands in the World
Pitcairn Islands in the World


Pitcairn Islands - Introduction 1994
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Background: Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Outmigration primarily to New Zealand has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to about 50 today.

Pitcairn Islands - Geography 1994
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Location: Oceania, Polynesia in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Peru and New Zealand

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Total area total: 47 km²
Land: 47 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 51 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical, hot, humid, modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)

Terrain: rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs


Natural resources: miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Meadows and pastures: NA%
Forest and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: subject to typhoons (especially November to March)

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Pitcairn Islands - People 1994
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Population: 71 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.93% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Pitcairn Islander(s)

Ethnic groups: descendants of the Bounty mutineers

Languages: English (official), Tahitian/English dialect

Religions: Seventh-Day Adventist 100%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.93% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate: NA

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA

Life expectancy at birth: NA

Total fertility rate: NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Pitcairn Islands - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Adamstown

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Celebration of the Birthday of the Queen (second Saturday in June)

Constitution: Local Government Ordinance of 1964

Legal system: local island by-laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal with three years residency

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (non-resident) of the Pitcairn Islands David Joseph MOSS (since NA September 1990); Commissioner (non-resident) G.D. HARRAWAY (since NA; is the liason person between the governor and the Island Council)
Head of government: Island Magistrate and Chairman of the Island Council Jay WARREN (since NA)

Legislative branch: unicameral
Island Council: elections last held NA (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (11 total, 5 elected) number of seats by party NA

Judicial branch: Island Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: SPC

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (dependent territory of the UK)
none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Pitcairn%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms is yellow, green, and light blue with a shield featuring a yellow anchor

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Pitcairn Islands - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The inhabitants exist on fishing and subsistence farming. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugar cane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: based on subsistence fishing and farming; wide variety of fruits and vegetables grown; must import grain products

Industries: postage stamp sales, handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$430,000

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: fruits, vegetables, curios
Partners: NA

Imports: $NA
Commodities: fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1 - 1.7771 (January 1994), 1.8495 (1993), 1.8584 (1992), 1.7265 (1991), 1.6750 (1990), 1.6711 (1989)

Pitcairn Islands - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 300,000 kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 5,360 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Pitcairn Islands - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Pitcairn Islands - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Pitcairn Islands - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Pitcairn Islands - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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