Statistical information Saint-Pierre and Miquelon 1994Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon

Map of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Introduction 1994
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Background: First settled by the French in the early 17th century the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Geography 1994
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Location: Northern North America, in the North Atlantic Ocean, 25 km south of Newfoundland (Canada)

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceNorth America

Total: total area: 242 km²; land:242 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:200 nm; territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy

Terrain: mostly barren rock


Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports
Land use

Land use: arable land:13%; permanent crops:0%; meadows and pastures:0%; forest and woodland:4%; other:83%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: defense is the responsibility of France

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - People 1994
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Population: 6,704 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 0.78% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

Ethnic groups: Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Languages: French

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.78% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 13.23 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.98 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.59 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 11.72 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population:75.6 years; male:73.99 years; female:77.55 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.7 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1982); total population:99%; male:99%; female:99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Government 1994
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Country name: conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon; conventional short form: local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon; local short form; Saint-Pierre et Miquelon

Government type: territorial collectivity of France

Capital: Saint-Pierre

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)

National holiday: National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state:President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981); head of government:Commissioner of the Republic Yves HENRY (since NA December 1993); President of the General Council Marc PLANTE-GENEST (since NA)

Legislative branch: unicameral; General Council:elections last held September-October 1988 (next to be held NA September 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (19 total) Socialist and other left-wing parties 13, UDF and right-wing parties 6; French Senate:elections last held NA September 1986 (next to be held NA September 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total) PS 1; French National Assembly:elections last held 21 and 28 March 1993 (next to be held NA June 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total) UDF 1; note - Saint Pierre and Miquelon elects 1 member each to the French Senate and the French National Assembly who are voting members

Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WFTU

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (territorial collectivity of France)
none (territorial collectivity of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre has dropped steadily over the years. In March 1989, an agreement between France and Canada set fish quotas for Saint Pierre's trawlers fishing in Canadian and Canadian-claimed waters for three years. The agreement settles a longstanding dispute that had virtually brought fish exports to a halt. The islands are heavily subsidized by France. Imports come primarily from Canada and France.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: vegetables, cattle, sheep, pigs for local consumption; fish catch of 20,500 metric tons (1989)

Industries: fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 2,850 (1988)
By occupation: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9.6% (1990)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$18.3 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $30 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodities: fish and fish products, fox and mink pelts
Partners: US 58%, France 17%, UK 11%, Canada, Portugal (1990)

Imports: $82 million (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodities: meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Partners: Canada, France, US, Netherlands, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.9205 (January 1994), 5.6632 (1993), 5.2938 (1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989)

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 25 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,840 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: total:2; usable:2; with permanent-surface runways:2; with runways over 3,659 m:0; with runways 2,440-3,659 m:0; with runways 1,220-2,439 m:1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: focus of maritime boundary dispute between Canada and France

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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