Statistical information San Marino 1994San%20Marino

Map of San Marino | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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San Marino in the World
San Marino in the World

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San Marino - Introduction 1994
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Background: The third smallest state in Europe (after The Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.

San Marino - Geography 1994
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Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceEurope, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 60 km²
Land: 60 km²

Land boundaries: total 39 km, Italy 39 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrain: rugged mountains


Natural resources: building stone
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 17%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 83%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change

Note: landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

San Marino - People 1994
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Population: 24,091 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 0.96% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Sammarinese (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian

Languages: Italian

Religions: Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.96% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 11.17 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 7.39 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.77 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues international agreements: NA
Current issues current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.6 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 81.23 years
Male: 77.17 years
Female: 85.28 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.53 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 14 and over can read and write (1976)
Total population: 96%
Male: 96%
Female: 95%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

San Marino - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
Conventional short form:
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
local short form

Government type: republic

Capital: Administrative divisions:9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello; Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: 301 AD (by tradition)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Foundation of the Republic, 3 September

Constitution: 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution

Legal system: based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Cochiefs of state: Captain Regent Alberto CECCHETTI and Captain Regent Fausto MULARONI (for the period 1 April 1994-30 September 1994) real executive power is wielded by the secretary of state for foreign affairs and the secretary of state for internal affairs
Head of government: Secretary of State Gabriele GATTI (since July 1986)

Legislative branch: public security or police force
Great and General Council: (Consiglio Grande e Generale) elections last held 30 May 1993 (next to be held by NA May 1998); results - DCS 41.4%, PSS 23.7%, PDP 18.6%, ADP 7.7%, MD 5.3%, RC 3.3%; seats - (60 total) DCS 26, PSS 14, PDP 11, ADP 4, MD 3, RC 2

Judicial branch: Council of Twelve (Consiglio dei XII)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CE, CSCE, ECE, ICAO, ICFTU, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, LORCS, NAM (guest), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
From the us honorary consulates general: Washington and New York
From the us honorary consulates: Detroit
From the us: no mission in San Marino, but the Consul General in Florence (Italy) is accredited to San Marino

Flag descriptionflag of San%20Marino: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

San Marino - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 1991 more than 3.1 million tourists visited San Marino, 2.7 million of whom were Italians. The key industries are wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of Italy.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: employs 3% of labor force; products - wheat, grapes, maize, olives, meat, cheese, hides; small numbers of cattle, pigs, horses; depends on Italy for food imports

Industries: wine, olive oil, cement, leather, textile, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%; accounts for 42% of workforce

Labor force: 4,300 (est.)
By occupation: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$275 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: trade data are included with the statistics for Italy; commodity trade consists primarily of exchanging building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, and ceramics for a wide variety of consumer manufactures

Imports: see exports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Italian lire (Lit) per US$1 - 1,700.2 (January 1994), 1,573.7 (1993), 1,232.4 (1992), 1,240.6 (1991), 1,198.1 (1990), 1,372.1 (1989)

San Marino - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

San Marino - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

San Marino - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.7 million (1992 est.), 1% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

San Marino - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

San Marino - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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