Statistical information South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 1994South%20Georgia%20and%20the%20South%20Sandwich%20Islands

Map of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in the World
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in the World

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Introduction 1994
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Background: The islands lie approximately 1000 km east of the Falkland Islands. Grytviken on South Georgia was a 19th and early 20th century whaling station. The famed explorer Ernest SHACKLETON stopped there in 1914 en route to his ill-fated attempt to cross Antarctica on foot. He returned some 20 months later with a few companions in a small boat and arranged a successful rescue for the rest of his crew stranded off the Antarctic Peninsula. He died in 1922 on a subsequent expedition and is buried in Grytviken. Today the station houses a small military garrison. The islands have large bird and seal populations and recognizing the importance of preserving the marine stocks in adjacent waters the UK in 1993 extended the exclusive fishing zone from 12 miles to 200 miles around each island.

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Geography 1994
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Location: Southern South America, in the South Atlantic Ocean, off the south Argentine coast, southeast of the Falkland Islands

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAntarctic Region

Total: total area: 4,066 km²; land:4,066 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: NA km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year, interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow

Terrain: most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes


Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use: arable land:0%; permanent crops:0%; meadows and pastures:0%; forest and woodland:0%; other:100% (largely covered by permanent ice and snow with some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen)

Irrigated land: 0 km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: the South Sandwich Islands are subject to active volcanism

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - People 1994
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Population: no indigenous population; there is a small military garrison on South Georgia, and the British Antarctic Survey has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited


Ethnic groups



Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Government 1994
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Country name: conventional long form: conventional short form: none

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: none; Grytviken on South Georgia is the garrison town

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)

Constitution: 3 October 1985

Legal system: English common law

International law organization participation



Executive branch: chief of state:Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Commissioner David Everard TATHAM (since August 1992; resident at Stanley, Falkland Islands)

Legislative branch: no elections

Judicial branch: none

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of South%20Georgia%20and%20the%20South%20Sandwich%20Islands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Some fishing takes place in adjacent waters. There is a potential source of income from harvesting fin fish and krill. The islands receive income from postage stamps produced in the UK.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$291,777

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: NA (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: total:5; usable:5; with permanent-surface runways:2; with runways over 3,659 m:0; with runways 2,440-3,659 m:1; with runways 1,220-2,439 m:0

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: administered by the UK, claimed by Argentina

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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