Statistical information Sri Lanka 1994Sri%20Lanka

Map of Sri Lanka | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Sri Lanka in the World
Sri Lanka in the World

Sightseeing Pass

Sri Lanka - Introduction 1994
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Background: Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and the Dutch in the 17th century the island was ceded to the British in 1802. As Ceylon it became independent in 1948; its name was changed in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted in violence in the mid-1980s. Tens of thousands have died in an ethnic war that continues to fester.

Sri Lanka - Geography 1994
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Location: Southern Asia, 29 km southeast of India across the Palk Strait in the Indian Ocean

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAsia, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 65,610 km²
Land: 64,740 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,340 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or the edge of continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March; southwest monsoon (June to October)

Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior


Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 16%
Permanent crops: 17%
Meadows and pastures: 7%
Forest and woodland: 37%
Other: 23%

Irrigated land: 5,600 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: occasional cyclones and tornadoes

Note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes

Sri Lanka - People 1994
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Population: 18,129,850 (July 1994 est.)
Note: since the outbreak of hostilities between the government and armed Tamil separatists in the mid-1980s, several hundred thousand Tamil civilians have fled the island; as of late 1992, nearly 115,000 were housed in refugee camps in south India, another 95,000 lived outside the Indian camps, and more than 200,000 Tamils have sought political asylum in the West
Growth rate: 1.18% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Sri Lankan(s)

Ethnic groups: Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%

Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%
Note: English is commonly used in government and is spoken by about 10% of the population

Religions: Buddhist 69%, Hindu 15%, Christian 8%, Muslim 8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.18% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 18.51 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.77 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.91 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 21.9 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.9 years
Male: 69.37 years
Female: 74.55 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.12 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 88%
Male: 93%
Female: 84%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Sri Lanka - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Conventional short form: former:Ceylon

Government type: republic

Capital: Colombo

Administrative divisions: 8 provinces; Central, North Central, North Eastern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 4 February 1948 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence and National Day, 4 February (1948)

Constitution: adopted 16 August 1978

Legal system: a highly complex mixture of English common law, Roman-Dutch, Muslim, Sinhalese, and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: chief of state and head of government:President Dingiri Banda WIJETUNGA (since 7 May 1993; election last held 19 December 1988 (next to be held NA December 1994; results - Ranasinghe PREMADASA (UNP) 50%, Sirimavo BANDARANAIKE (SLFP) 45%, other 5%; note - following the assassination of President PREMADASA on 1 May 1993, Prime Minister WIJETUNGA became acting president; on 7 May 1993, he was confirmed by a vote of Parliament to finish out the term of the assassinated president

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Force
Parliament: elections last held 15 February 1989 (next to be held by NA February 1995); results - UNP 51%, SLFP 32%, SLMC 4%, TULF 3%, USA 3%, EROS 3%, MEP 1%, other 3%; seats - (225 total) UNP 125, SLFP 67, other 33

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders


Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Teresita C. SCHAFFER
From the us chancery: 2,148 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: [94] (1) 44-80-07
From the us fax: (202) 232-7,181
From the us consulates: New York
From the us embassy: 210 Galle Road, Colombo 3
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 106, Colombo
From the us FAX: [94] (1) 57-42-64

Flag descriptionflag of Sri%20Lanka: yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border that goes around the entire flag and extends between the two panels

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Sri Lanka - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Industry - dominated by the fast-growing apparel industry - has surpassed agriculture as the main source of export earnings and accounts for over 16% of GDP. The economy has been plagued by high rates of unemployment since the late 1970s. Economic growth, which has been depressed by ethnic unrest, accelerated in 1991-93 as domestic conditions began to improve and conditions for foreign investment brightened.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for one-fourth of GDP and nearly half of labor force; most important staple crop is paddy rice; other field crops - sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseeds, roots, spices; cash crops - tea, rubber, coconuts; animal products - milk, eggs, hides, meat; not self-sufficient in rice production

Industries: processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco

Industrial production growth rate: 7% (1991 est.), accounts for 16.5% of GDP

Labor force: 6.6 million
By occupation agriculture: 45.9%
By occupation mining and manufacturing: 13.3%
By occupation tradeandtransport: 12.4%
By occupation servicesandother: 28.4% (1985est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$2.3 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.3 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: garments and textiles, teas, gems, petroleum products, coconuts, rubber, other agricultural products, marine products, graphite
Partners: US 33.4%, Germany, UK, Netherlands, Japan, France, Singapore (1992)

Imports: $3 billion (c.i.f., 1992)
Commodities: food and beverages, textiles and textile materials, petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment
Partners: Japan, India, US 4.3%, UK, Singapore, Germany, Hong King, Taiwan, South Korea (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $5.2 billion (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Sri Lankan rupees (SLRes) per US$1 - 49.672 (January 1994), 48.322 (1993), 43.687 (1992), 41.372 (1991), 40.063 (1990), 36.047 (1989)

Sri Lanka - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 3.6 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 200 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Sri Lanka - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Sri Lanka - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $417 million, 3.5% of GDP (1994 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Sri Lanka - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 14
Usable: 13
With permanentsurface runways: 12
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 8

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil and petroleum products 62 km (1987)



Waterways: 430 km; navigable by shallow-draft craft

Merchant marine: 26 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 289,115 GRT/453,609 DWT, bulk 2, cargo 12, container 1, oil tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 8

Ports and terminals

Sri Lanka - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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