Statistical information The Bahamas 1994The%20Bahamas

Map of The Bahamas | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

The Bahamas in the World
The Bahamas in the World

Valueclick


The Bahamas - Introduction 1994
top of page


Background: Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973 The Bahamas have prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management. By the early 1980s the islands had become a major center for drug trafficking particularly shipments to the US.


The Bahamas - Geography 1994
top of page


Location: Caribbean, in the western North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida and northwest of Cuba

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean, North America, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 13,940 km²
Land: 10,070 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 3,542 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

Terrain: long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills

Elevation

Natural resources: salt, aragonite, timber
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 32%
Other: 67%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage

Geography
Note: strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain


The Bahamas - People 1994
top of page


Population: 273,055 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 1.57% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Bahamian(s)

Ethnic groups: black 85%, white 15%

Languages: English, Creole (among Haitian immigrants)

Religions: Baptist 32%, Anglican 20%, Roman Catholic 19%, Methodist 6%, Church of God 6%, other Protestant 12%, none or unknown 3%, other 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.57% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 18.86 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.38 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 2.24 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 33.5 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.52 years
Male: 67.66 years
Female: 75.49 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.88 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over but definition of literacy not available (1963 est.)
Total population: 90%
Male: 90%
Female: 89%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


The Bahamas - Government 1994
top of page


Country name
Conventional long form:
Commonwealth of The Bahamas
conventional short form


Government type: commonwealth

Capital: Nassau

Administrative divisions: 21 districts; Acklins and Crooked Islands, Bimini, Cat Island, Exuma, Freeport, Fresh Creek, Governor's Harbour, Green Turtle Cay, Harbour Island, High Rock, Inagua, Kemps Bay, Long Island, Marsh Harbour, Mayaguana, New Providence, Nichollstown and Berry Islands, Ragged Island, Rock Sound, Sandy Point, San Salvador and Rum Cay

Dependent areas

Independence: 10 July 1973 (from UK)

National holiday: National Day, 10 July (1973)

Constitution: 10 July 1973

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Clifford DARLING (since 2 January 1992)
Head of government: Prime Minister Hubert A. INGRAHAM (since 19 August 1992); Deputy Prime Minister Orville A. TURNQUEST (since 19 August 1992)

Legislative branch: Royal Bahamas Defense Force (Coast Guard only), Royal Bahamas Police Force
Senate: a 16-member body appointed by the governor general
House of Assembly: elections last held 19 August 1992 (next to be held by August 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (49 total) FNM 32, PLP 17

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, CCC, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Lino GUTIERREZ
From the us chancery: 2,220 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: (809) 322-1181 or 328-2,206
From the us fax: (809) 328-7,838
From the us consulates general: Miami and New York
From the us embassy: Mosmar Building, Queen Street, Nassau
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box N-8,197, Nassau

Flag descriptionflag of The%20Bahamas: three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top), gold, and aquamarine with a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


The Bahamas - Economy 1994
top of page


Economy overview: The Bahamas is a stable, developing nation whose economy is based primarily on tourism and offshore banking. Tourism alone provides about 40% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs about 50,000 people or 40% of the local work force. The economy has slackened in recent years, as the annual increase in the number of tourists slowed. Nonetheless, per capita GDP is one of the highest in the region.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2% (1991)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 5% of GDP; dominated by small-scale producers; principal products - citrus fruit, vegetables, poultry; large net importer of food

Industries: tourism, banking, cement, oil refining and transshipment, salt production, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral welded steel pipe

Industrial production growth rate: 3% (1990; accounts for 15% of GDP

Labor force: 127,400
By occupation government: 30%
By occupation hotelsandrestaurants: 25%
By occupation businessservices: 10%
By occupation agriculture: 5% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.7% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$628.5 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $310 million (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: pharmaceuticals, cement, rum, crawfish
Partners: US 51%, UK 7%, Norway 7%, France 6%, Italy 5%

Imports: $1.2 billion (f.o.b,,1992)
Commodities: foodstuffs, manufactured goods, mineral fuels, crude oil
Partners: US 32%, Japan 17%, Nigeria 12%, Denmark 7%, Norway 6%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.2 billion (December 1990)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bahamian dollar (B$) per US$1 - 1.00 (fixed rate)


The Bahamas - Energy 1994
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 929 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,599 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


The Bahamas - Communication 1994
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


The Bahamas - Military 1994
top of page


Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $65 million, 2.7% of GDP (1990)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


The Bahamas - Transportation 1994
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 60
Usable: 55
With permanentsurface runways: 31
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 3
With runways 1220-2439 m: 26

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: 879 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 20,424,439 GRT/33,330,160 DWT, bulk 167, cargo 148, chemical tanker 43, combination bulk 8, combination ore/oil 20, container 48, liquefied gas 18, oil tanker 177, passenger 54, refrigerated cargo 132, roll-on/roll-off cargo 41, short-sea passenger 16, vehicle carrier 7
Note: a flag of convenience registry

Ports and terminals


The Bahamas - Transnational issues 1994
top of page


Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for US and Europe; also money-laundering center


Crystal Travel


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it