Statistical information The Netherlands 1994The%20Netherlands

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The Netherlands in the World
The Netherlands in the World

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The Netherlands - Introduction 1994
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Background: The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern industrialized nation the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC.


The Netherlands - Geography 1994
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Location: Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceEurope, Standard Time Zones of the World

Area
Total area total: 37,330 km²
Land: 33,920 km²

Land boundaries: total 1,027 km, Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

Coastline: 451 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specified
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders; some hills in southeast

Elevation

Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, fertile soil
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 26%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 32%
Forest and woodland: 9%
Other: 32%

Irrigated land: 5,500 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: the extensive system of dikes and dams, protects nearly one-half of the total area from being flooded

Geography
Note: located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, Schelde)


The Netherlands - People 1994
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Population: 15,367,928 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 0.58% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)

Ethnic groups: Dutch 96%, Moroccans, Turks, and other 4% (1988)

Languages: Dutch

Religions: Roman Catholic 34%, Protestant 25%, Muslim 3%, other 2%, unaffiliated 36% (1991)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.58% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 12.62 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 8.5 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.68 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 6.1 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.75 years
Male: 74.69 years
Female: 80.97 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.58 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1979 est.)
Total population: 99%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


The Netherlands - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of the Netherlands
Conventional short form:
local long form: Koninkrijk de Nederlanden
local short form; Nederland


Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government

Administrative divisions: 12 provinces (provincien, singular - provincie; Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland

Dependent areas: (2) Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

Independence: 1579 (from Spain)

National holiday: Queen's Day, 30 April (1938)

Constitution: 17 February 1983

Legal system: civil law system incorporating French penal theory; judicial review in the Supreme Court of legislation of lower order rather than Acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard (since 30 April 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER, Prince of Orange, son of Queen Beatrix (born 27 April 1967)
Head of government: Prime Minister RUDOLPHUS (Ruud) F. M. LUBBERS (since 4 November 1982); Vice Prime Minister Willem (Wim) KOK (since 2 November 1989) - resigned after 3 May 1994 parliamentary elections; no new government has been formed to date

Legislative branch: Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Navy (including Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Netherlands Air Force, Royal Constabulary
First Chamber Eerste Kamer: elections last held on 9 June l991 (next to be held 9 June 1995); results - elected by the country's 12 provincial councils; seats - (75 total) percent of seats by party NA
Second Chamber Tweede Kamer: elections last held on 3 May 1994 (next to be held in May 1999); results - PvdA 24.3%, CDA 22.3%, VVD 20.4%, D'66 16.5%, other 16.5%; seats - (150 total) PvdA 37, CDA 34, VVD 31, D'66 24, other 24

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (De Hoge Raad)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, COCOM, CSCE, EBRD, EC, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, ESA, ESCAP, FAO, G-10, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LORCS, MTCR, NACC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, PCA, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOMUR, UNPROFOR, UNTAC, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Diplomatic representation
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Kirk Terry DORNBUSH
From the us chancery: 4,200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
From the us telephone: [31] (70) 310-9,209
From the us fax: (202) 362-3,430
From the us consulates general: Amsterdam
From the us embassy: Lange Voorhout 102, 2,514 EJ The Hague
From the us mailing address: PSC 71, Box 1000, the Hague; APO AE 9,715
From the us FAX: [31] (70) 361-4,688

Flag descriptionflag of The%20Netherlands: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


The Netherlands - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: This highly developed and affluent economy is based on private enterprise. The government makes its presence felt, however, through many regulations, permit requirements, and welfare programs affecting most aspects of economic activity. The trade and financial services sector contributes over 50% of GDP. Industrial activity provides about 25% of GDP and is led by the food-processing, oil-refining, and metalworking industries. The highly mechanized agricultural sector employs only 5% of the labor force, but provides large surpluses for export and the domestic food-processing industry. Rising unemployment and a sizable budget deficit are currently the most serious economic problems. Many of the economic issues of the 1990s will reflect the course of European economic integration.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -0.2% (1993)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 4.6% of GDP; animal production predominates; crops - grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; shortages of grain, fats, and oils

Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, fishing, construction, microelectronics

Industrial production growth rate: -1.5% (1993 est.), accounts for 25% of GDP

Labor force: 6.7 million (1991)
By occupation services: 50.1%
By occupation manufacturing and construction: 28.2%
By occupation government: 15.9%
By occupation agriculture: 5.8% (1986)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9.1% (March 1994)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$109.9 billion

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $139 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: metal products, chemicals, processed food and tobacco, agricultural products
Partners: EC 77% (Germany 27%, Belgium-Luxembourg 15%, UK 10%), US 4% (1991)

Imports: $130.3 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: raw materials and semifinished products, consumer goods, transportation equipment, crude oil, food products
Partners: EC 64% (Germany 26%, Belgium-Luxembourg 14%, UK 8%), US 8% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $0

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Netherlands guilders, gulden, or florins (f.) per US$1 - 1.9508 (January 1994), 1.8573 (1993), 1.7585 (1992), 1.8697 (1991), 1.8209 (1990), 2.1207 (1989)


The Netherlands - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 63.5 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 4,200 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


The Netherlands - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


The Netherlands - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: exchange rate conversion - $6.8 billion, 2.3% of GDP (1993)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


The Netherlands - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 28
Usable: 28
With permanentsurface runways: 19
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 10
With runways 1220-2439 m: 7

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 418 km; petroleum products 965 km; natural gas 10,230 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 6,340 km, of which 35% is usable by craft of 1,000 metric ton capacity or larger

Merchant marine: 324 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,507,112 GRT/3,208,838 DWT, bulk 3, cargo 180, chemical tanker 21, combination bulk 3, container 32, liquefied gas 12, livestock carrier 1, multifunction large-load carrier 4, oil tanker 27, railcar carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 20, roll-on/roll-off cargo 15, short-sea passenger 3, specialized tanker 2
Note: many Dutch-owned ships are also registered on the captive Netherlands Antilles register

Ports and terminals


The Netherlands - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: gateway for cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; European producer of illicit amphetamines and other synthetic drugs


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