Statistical information Tokelau 1994Tokelau

Map of Tokelau | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Tokelau in the World
Tokelau in the World

Trusted Tours

Tokelau - Introduction 1994
top of page

Background: Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925.

Tokelau - Geography 1994
top of page

Location: Oceania, Polynesia, 3,750 km southwest of Honolulu in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Total area total: 10 km²
Land: 10 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 101 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)

Terrain: coral atolls enclosing large lagoons


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: lies in Pacific typhoon belt

Note: defense is the responsibility of New Zealand

Tokelau - People 1994
top of page

Population: 1,523 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: -1.35% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Tokelauan(s)

Ethnic groups: Polynesian

Languages: Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English

Religions: Congregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2%
Note: on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -1.35% (1994 est.)

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: very limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Tokelau - Government 1994
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form:
conventional short form

Government type: territory of New Zealand

Capital: none; each atoll has its own administrative center

Administrative divisions: none (territory of New Zealand)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of New Zealand)

National holiday: Waitangi Day, 6 February (1840) (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand)

Constitution: administered under the Tokelau Islands Act of 1948, as amended in 1970

Legal system: British and local statutes

International law organization participation


Suffrage: NA

Executive branch
Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of Government: Administrator Graham ANSELL (since NA 1990; appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs in New Zealand); Official Secretary Casimilo J. PEREZ (since NA), Office of Tokelau Affairs; Tokelau's governing Council will elect its first head of government

Legislative branch: unicameral Council of Elders (Taupulega) on each atoll

Judicial branch: High Court in Niue, Supreme Court in New Zealand

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: SPC, WHO (associate)

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (territory of New Zealand)
none (territory of New Zealand)

Flag descriptionflag of Tokelau: the flag of New Zealand is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Tokelau - Economy 1994
top of page

Economy overview: Tokelau's small size, isolation, and lack of resources greatly restrain economic development and confine agriculture to the subsistence level. The people must rely on aid from New Zealand to maintain public services, annual aid being substantially greater than GDP. The principal sources of revenue come from sales of copra, postage stamps, souvenir coins, and handicrafts. Money is also remitted to families from relatives in New Zealand.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coconuts, copra; basic subsistence crops - breadfruit, papaya, bananas; pigs, poultry, goats

Industries: small-scale enterprises for copra production, wood work, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$430,830

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $98,000 (f.o.b., 1983)
Commodities: stamps, copra, handicrafts
Partners: NZ

Imports: $323,400 (c.i.f., 1983)
Commodities: foodstuffs, building materials, fuel
Partners: NZ

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $0

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1 - 1.7771 (January 1994), 1.8495 (1993), 1.8584 (1992), l.7265 (1991), 1.6750 (1990), 1.6708 (1989)

Tokelau - Energy 1994
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 300,000 kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 180 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Tokelau - Communication 1994
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Tokelau - Military 1994
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Tokelau - Transportation 1994
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none; lagoon landings by amphibious aircraft from Western Samoa

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Tokelau - Transnational issues 1994
top of page

Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Volotea Air

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it