Statistical information U.S. Virgin Islands 1994U.S.%20Virgin%20Islands

Map of U.S. Virgin Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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U.S. Virgin Islands in the World
U.S. Virgin Islands in the World

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U.S. Virgin Islands - Introduction 1994
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Background: During the 17th century the archipelago was divided into two territorial units one English and the other Danish. Sugarcane produced by slave labor drove the islands' economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917 the US purchased the Danish portion which had been in economic decline since the abolition of slavery in 1848.


U.S. Virgin Islands - Geography 1994
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Location: Caribbean, in the eastern Caribbean Sea, about 110 km east and southeast of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total area total: 352 km²
Land: 349 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 188 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: subtropical, tempered by easterly tradewinds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November

Terrain: mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land

Elevation

Natural resources: sun, sand, sea, surf
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 15%
Permanent crops: 6%
Meadows and pastures: 26%
Forest and woodland: 6%
Other: 47%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: rarely affected by hurricanes; subject to frequent severe droughts, floods, earthquakes

Geography
Note: defense is the responsibility of the US


U.S. Virgin Islands - People 1994
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Population: 97,564 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: -0.52% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Virgin Islander(s)

Ethnic groups: West Indian (45% born in the Virgin Islands and 29% born elsewhere in the West Indies) 74%, US mainland 13%, Puerto Rican 5%, other 8%; black 80%, white 15%, other 5%; Hispanic origin 14%

Languages: English (official), Spanish, Creole

Religions: Baptist 42%, Roman Catholic 34%, Episcopalian 17%, other 7%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.52% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 19.41 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.2 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -19.41 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: lack of natural freshwater resources
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 12.54 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.29 years
Male: 73.6 years
Female: 77.2 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.53 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


U.S. Virgin Islands - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
Virgin Islands of the United States
conventional short form


Government type: organized, unincorporated territory of the US administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the Interior

Capital: Charlotte Amalie

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Dependent areas

Independence

National holiday: Transfer Day, 31 March (1917) (from Denmark to US)

Constitution: Revised Organic Act of 22 July 1954

Legal system: based on US

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; note - indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections

Executive branch
Chief of state: President William Jefferson CLINTON (since 20 January 1993); Vice President Albert GORE, Jr. (since 20 January 1993)
Head of government: Governor Alexander A. FARRELLY (since 5 January 1987); Lieutenant Governor Derek M. HODGE (since 5 January 1987); election last held 6 November 1990 (next to be held November 1994); results - Governor Alexander FARRELLY (Democratic Party) 56.5% defeated Juan LUIS (independent) 38.5%

Legislative branch: unicameral
Senate: elections last held 3 November 1992 (next to be held 2 November 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (15 total) number of seats by party NA
US House of Representatives: elections last held 3 November 1992 (next to be held 2 November 1994); results - Ron DE LUGO reelected as delegate; seats - (1 total); seat by party NA; note - the Virgin Islands elect one representative to the US House of Representatives

Judicial branch
US District Court: handles civil matters over $50,000, felonies (persons 15 years of age and over), and federal cases
Territorial Court: handles civil matters up to $50,000, small claims, juvenile, domestic, misdemeanors, and traffic cases

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ECLAC (associate), IOC

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
none (territory of the US)
none (territory of the US)


Flag descriptionflag of U.S.%20Virgin%20Islands: white with a modified US coat of arms in the center between the large blue initials V and I; the coat of arms shows an eagle holding an olive branch in one talon and three arrows in the other with a superimposed shield of vertical red and white stripes below a blue panel

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


U.S. Virgin Islands - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Tourism is the primary economic activity, accounting for more than 70% of GDP and 70% of employment. The manufacturing sector consists of textile, electronics, pharmaceutical, and watch assembly plants. The agricultural sector is small, most food being imported. International business and financial services are a small but growing component of the economy. One of the world's largest petroleum refineries is at Saint Croix.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: truck gardens, food crops (small scale), fruit, sorghum, Senepol cattle

Industries: tourism, petroleum refining, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electronics

Industrial production growth rate: 12% (year NA; accounts for NA% of GDP

Labor force: 45,500 (1988)
By occupation: tourism 70%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.7% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$364.4 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.8 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodities: refined petroleum products
Partners: US, Puerto Rico

Imports: $3.3 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodities: crude oil, foodstuffs, consumer goods, building materials
Partners: US, Puerto Rico

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used


U.S. Virgin Islands - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 565 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 5,710 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


U.S. Virgin Islands - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


U.S. Virgin Islands - Military 1994
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


U.S. Virgin Islands - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 2

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


U.S. Virgin Islands - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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