Statistical information Vanuatu 1994Vanuatu

Map of Vanuatu | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Vanuatu in the World
Vanuatu in the World


Vanuatu - Introduction 1994
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Background: The British and French who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium which administered the islands until independence in 1980.

Vanuatu - Geography 1994
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Location: Oceania, Melanesia, 5,750 km southwest of Honolulu in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and Australia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania, Standard Time Zones of the World

Total area total: 14,760 km²
Land: 14,760 km²

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 2,528 km

Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or the edge of continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds

Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains


Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 5%
Meadows and pastures: 2%
Forest and woodland: 1%
Other: 91%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: subject to tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April; volcanism causes minor earthquakes


Vanuatu - People 1994
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Population: 169,776 (July 1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.29% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)

Ethnic groups: indigenous Melanesian 94%, French 4%, Vietnamese, Chinese, Pacific Islanders

Languages: English (official), French (official), pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama)

Religions: Presbyterian 36.7%, Anglican 15%, Catholic 15%, indigenous beliefs 7.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.2%, Church of Christ 3.8%, other 15.7%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.29% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 32.21 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 9.31 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 68.1 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 59.25 years
Male: 57.51 years
Female: 61.09 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.31 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1979)
Total population: 53%
Male: 57%
Female: 48%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Vanuatu - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu
Conventional short form: former:New Hebrides

Government type: republic

Capital: Port-Vila

Administrative divisions: 11 island councils; Ambrym, Aoba/Maewo, Banks/Torres, Efate, Epi, Malakula, Paama, Pentecote, Santo/Malo, Shepherd, Tafea

Dependent areas

Independence: 30 July 1980 (from France and UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 30 July (1980)

Constitution: 30 July 1980

Legal system: unified system being created from former dual French and British systems

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Jean Marie LEYE (since 2 March 1994)
Head of government: Prime Minister Maxime CARLOT Korman (since 16 December 1991); Deputy Prime Minister Sethy REGENVANU (since 17 December 1991)

Legislative branch: Vanuatu Police Force (VPF), paramilitary Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF)
Parliament: elections last held 2 December 1991 (next to be held by November 1995); note - after election, a coalition was formed by the Union of Moderate Parties and the National United Party to form a new government on 16 December 1991, but political party associations are fluid; seats - (46 total) UMP 19; NUP 10; VP 10; MPP 4; TUP 1; Nagriamel 1; Friend 1
Note: no military forces

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, NAM, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
From the us:
Vanuatu does not have a mission in the US
the ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Vanuatu

Flag descriptionflag of Vanuatu: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle; centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all in yellow

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Vanuatu - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: The economy is based primarily on subsistence farming which provides a living for about 80% of the population. Fishing and tourism are the other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6% (1991)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 40% of GDP; export crops - coconuts, cocoa, coffee, fish; subsistence crops - taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, vegetables

Industries: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning

Industrial production growth rate: 8.1% (1990; accounts for about 10% of GDP

Labor force: NA
By occupation: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$90 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $14.9 million (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodities: copra, beef, cocoa, timber, coffee
Partners: Netherlands, Japan, France, New Caledonia, Belgium

Imports: $74 million (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodities: machines and vehicles, food and beverages, basic manufactures, raw materials and fuels, chemicals
Partners: Australia 36%, Japan 13%, NZ 10%, France 8%, Fiji 8%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $38 million (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: vatu (VT) per US$1 - 123.48 (September 1993), 113.39 (1992), 111.68 (1991), 116.57 (1990), 116.04 (1989)

Vanuatu - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 30 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 180 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Vanuatu - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Vanuatu - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Vanuatu - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 31
Usable: 31
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 1
With runways 1220-2439 m: 2

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 131 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,992,201 GRT/2,909,381 DWT, bulk 57, cargo 23, chemical tanker 2, combination bulk 1, container 5, liquefied gas 3, livestock carrier 1, oil tanker 8, passenger 1, refrigerated cargo 19, vehicle carrier 11
Note: a flag of convenience registry

Ports and terminals

Vanuatu - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

World Nomads

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