Statistical information West Bank 1994West%20Bank

Map of West Bank | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

West Bank in the World
West Bank in the World

Sightseeing Pass

West Bank - Introduction 1994
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Background: The Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements ("the DOP"), signed in Washington on 13 September 1993, provides for a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Permanent status negotiations began on 5 May 1994. Under the DOP, Israel agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, which includes a Palestinian Legislative Council elected in January 1994, as part of interim self-governing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and responsibilities for the Gaza Strip and Jericho has taken place pursuant to the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area.

West Bank - Geography 1994
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Location: Middle East, between Jordan and Israel

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceMiddle East

Total area total: 5,860 km²
Land: 5,640 km²

Land boundaries: total 404 km, Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: temperate, temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters

Terrain: mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in west, but barren in east


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 27%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 32%
Forest and woodland: 1%
Other: 40%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: Under the Israeli-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arragements ("the DOP"), Israel agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, and subsequently to an elected Palestinian Council, as part of interim self-governing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and responsibilities for the Gaza Strip and Jericho has taken place pursuant to the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area. The DOP provides that Israel will retain responsibility during the transitional period for external security and for internal security and public order of settlements and Israelis. Final status is to be determined through direct negotiations within five years.

West Bank - People 1994
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Population: 1,443,790 (July 1994 est.)
Note: in addition, there are 110,500 Jewish settlers in the West Bank and 144,100 in East Jerusalem (1994 est.)
Growth rate: 2.68% (1994 est.)

Nationality: noun:NA

Ethnic groups: Palestinian Arab and other 88%, Jewish 12%

Languages: Arabic, Hebrew spoken by Israeli settlers, English widely understood

Religions: Muslim 80% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 12%, Christian and other 8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.68% (1994 est.)

Birth rate: 32.48 births/1000 population (1994 est.)

Death rate: 5.11 deaths/1000 population (1994 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.59 migrant(s)/1000 population (1994 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 33.8 deaths/1000 live births (1994 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.39 years
Male: 68.88 years
Female: 71.98 years (1994 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.2 children born/woman (1994 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

West Bank - Government 1994
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Country name
Conventional long form:
conventional short form

Government type


Administrative divisions

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch: NA

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of West%20Bank

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

West Bank - Economy 1994
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Economy overview: Economic progress in the West Bank has been hampered by Israeli military administration and the effects of the Palestinian uprising (intifadah). Industries using advanced technology or requiring sizable investment have been discouraged by a lack of local capital and restrictive Israeli policies. Capital investment consists largely of residential housing, not productive assets that would enable local Palestinian firms to compete with Israeli industry. A major share of GNP has traditionally been derived from remittances of workers employed in Israel and Persian Gulf states. Such transfers from the Gulf dropped after Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. In the wake of the Persian Gulf crisis, many Palestinians have returned to the West Bank, increasing unemployment, and export revenues have dropped because of the decline of markets in Jordan and the Gulf states. Israeli measures to curtail the intifadah also have added to unemployment and lowered living standards. The area's economic situation has worsened since Israel's partial closure of the territories in 1993.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -7% (1991 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 23% of GNP; olives, citrus and other fruits, vegetables, beef, and dairy products

Industries: generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in the settlements and industrial centers

Industrial production growth rate: -1% (1991; accounts for about 6% of GNP

Labor force: NA
By occupation construction: 28.2%
By occupation agriculture: 21.8%
By occupation industry: 14.5%
By occupation commerce restaurants and hotels: 12.6%
By occupation other services: 22.9% (1991)
By occupation note: excluding Jewish settlers
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues:$43.4 million

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year (since 1 January 1992)

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $175 million (f.o.b., 1991 est.)
Commodities: olives, fruit, vegetables
Partners: Jordan, Israel

Imports: $775 million (c.i.f., 1991 est.)
Commodities: food, consumer goods, construction materials
Partners: Jordan, Israel

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels (NIS) per US$1 - 2.9760 (February 1994), 2.8301 (1993), 2.4591 (1992), 2.2791 (1991), 2.0162 (1990), 1.9164 (1989; Jordanian dinars (JD) per US$1 - 0.7019 (February 1994), 0.6928 (1993), 0.6797 (1992), 0.6808 (1991), 0.6636 (1990), 0.5704 (1989)

West Bank - Energy 1994
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

West Bank - Communication 1994
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

West Bank - Military 1994
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

West Bank - Transportation 1994
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
Usable: 2
With permanentsurface runways: 2
With runways over 3659 m: 0
With runways 2440-3659 m: 0
With runways 1220-2439 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

West Bank - Transnational issues 1994
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Disputes international: West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli occupied with interim status subject to Israeli/Palestinian negotiations - final status to be determined

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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