Solomon Islands 1995Solomon%20Islands

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Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands 

Sightseeing Pass


Solomon Islands - Introduction 1995
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Background: In 1893, Britain made the southern Solomon Islands a protectorate. Other islands were added to the group, including some ceded to Britain by Germany. The Solomon Islands were occupied by the Japanese during World War II. Following the war, internal self-government was established in 1976, and independence from the UK came two years later. Current issues include government deficits, deforestation, and malaria control.


Solomon Islands - Geography 1995
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Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Area
Total area total: 28,450 km²
Land: 27,540 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Maryland

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 5,313 km

Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

Elevation

Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 1%
Forest and woodland: 93%
Other: 4%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Solomon Islands - People 1995
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Population: 399,206 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 3.4% (1995 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Solomon Islander(s)
Adjective: Solomon Islander

Ethnic groups: Melanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%

Languages: Melanesian pidgin in much of the country is lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2% of population
Note: 120 indigenous languages

Religions: Anglican 34%, Roman Catholic 19%, Baptist 17%, United (Methodist/Presbyterian) 11%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, other Protestant 5%, traditional beliefs 4%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 46% (female 90,293; male 93,695)
15-64 years: 51% (female 100,183; male 103,374)
65 years and over: 3% (female 5,738; male 5,923) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.4% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 38.48 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 4.51 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; much of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying
Current issues natural hazards: typhoons, but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity
Current issues international agreements: party to - Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 26.7 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.84 years
Male: 68.38 years
Female: 73.41 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.59 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Solomon Islands - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Solomon Islands
Former: British Solomon Islands

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Honiara

Administrative divisions: 7 provinces and 1 town*; Central, Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Temotu, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 7 July 1978 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 7 July (1978)

Constitution: 7 July 1978

Legal system: common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Moses PITAKAKA (since 10 June 1994)
Head of government: Prime Minister Solomon MAMALONI (since 7 November 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Dennis LULEI (since 10 November 1994)
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the governor general on advice of the prime minister from members of parliament

Legislative branch: unicameral
National Parliament: elections last held NA November 1994 (next to be held NA 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (47 total) number of seats by party NA

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: ambassador traditionally resides in Honiara (Solomon Islands)
From the us: embassy closed July 1993; the ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to the Solomon Islands

Flag descriptionflag of Solomon%20Islands: divided diagonally by a thin yellow stripe from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is blue with five white five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern; the lower triangle is green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Solomon Islands - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: The bulk of the population depend on subsistence agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of their livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. The economy suffered from a severe cyclone in mid-1986 that caused widespread damage to the infrastructure. In 1993, the government was working with the IMF to develop a structural adjustment program to address the country's fiscal deficit.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 8% (1992)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: including fishing and forestry, accounts for 31% of GDP; mostly subsistence farming; cash crops - cocoa, beans, coconuts, palm kernels, timber; other products - rice, potatoes, vegetables, fruit, cattle, pigs; not self-sufficient in food grains; 90% of the total fish catch of 44,500 metric tons was exported (1988)

Industries: copra, fish (tuna)

Industrial production growth rate: -3.8% (1991 est.), accounts for 5% of GDP

Labor force: NA
By occupation agriculture forestry and fishing: 32.4%
By occupation services: 25%
By occupation construction andmining: 7.0%
By occupation commerce transport andfinance: 4.7% (1984)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $48 million
Expenditures: $107 million, including capital expenditures of $45 million (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $84 million (f.o.b., 1991)
Commodoties: fish 46%, timber 31%, palm oil 5%, cocoa, copra
Partners: Japan 39%, UK 23%, Thailand 9%, Australia 5%, US 2% (1991)

Imports: $110 million (c.i.f., 1991)
Commodoties: plant and machinery, manufactured goods, food and live animals, fuel
Partners: Australia 34%, Japan 16%, Singapore 14%, NZ 9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $128 million (1988 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Solomon Islands dollars (SI$) per US$1 - 3.3113 (September 1994), 3.1877 (1993), 2.9281 (1992), 2.7148 (1991), 2.5288 (1990)


Solomon Islands - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 30 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 80 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Solomon Islands - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 3,000 telephones
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 1 INTELSAT (Pacific Ocean) earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Solomon Islands - Military 1995
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Military expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Solomon Islands - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 31
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 19
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2438 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 9

Airports with paved runways
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 19

Airports with unpaved runways
15-24 to 2438 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 9

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals


Solomon Islands - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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