Statistical information Cabo Verde 1995Cabo%20Verde

Map of Cabo Verde | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Cabo Verde in the World
Cabo Verde in the World


Cabo Verde - Introduction 1995
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Background: The uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading center for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups. Independence was achieved in 1975.

Cabo Verde - Geography 1995
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Location: Western Africa, group of Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceWorld

Total area total: 4,030 km²
Land: 4,030 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Rhode Island

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 965 km

Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: temperate; warm, dry, summer; precipitation very erratic

Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic


Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, pozzolana, limestone, kaolin, fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 6%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 85%

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

Cabo Verde - People 1995
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Population: 435,983 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 2.98% (1995 est.)

Noun: Cape Verdean(s)
Adjective: Cape Verdean

Ethnic groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%

Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo, a blend of Portuguese and West African words

Religions: Roman Catholicism fused with indigenous beliefs

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 50% (female 106,539; male 110,301)
15-64 years: 47% (female 114,931; male 88,029)
65 years and over: 3% (female 9,781; male 6,402) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.98% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 45.32 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 8.65 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -6.88 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: overgrazing of livestock and improper land use such as the cultivation of crops on steep slopes has led to soil erosion; demand for wood used as fuel has resulted in deforestation; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several indigenous species of birds and reptiles; overfishing
Current issues natural hazards: prolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanically and seismically active
Current issues international agreements: party to - Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 55.9 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 63.01 years
Male: 61.1 years
Female: 65.01 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.23 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 63%
Male: 75%
Female: 53%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cabo Verde - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Cape Verde
Conventional short form: Cape Verde
Local long form: Republica de Cabo Verde
Local short form: Cabo Verde

Government type: republic

Capital: Praia

Administrative divisions: 14 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho; Boa Vista, Brava, Fogo, Maio, Paul, Praia, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande, Sal, Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Sao Nicolau, Sao Vicente, Tarrafal

Dependent areas

Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day, 5 July (1975)

Constitution: new constitution came into force 25 September 1992

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Antonio MASCARENHAS Monteiro (since 22 March 1991; election last held 17 February 1991 (next to be held February 1996); results - Antonio Monteiro MASCARENHAS (independent) received 72.6% of vote
Head of government: Prime Minister Carlos Alberto Wahnon de Carvalho VEIGA (since 13 January 1991)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by prime minister from members of the Assembly

Legislative branch: unicameral
People's National Assembly Assembleia Nacional Popular: elections last held 13 January 1991 (next to be held January 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (79 total) MPD 56, PAICV 23; note - the 1991 multiparty Assembly election ended 15 years of single-party rule

Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Supremo Tribunal de Justia)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, UN (Cape Verde assumed a nonpermanent seat on the Security Council on 1 January 1992), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMOZ, UPU, WCL, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Jose Eduardo BARBOSA (since 12 February 1994)
In the us chancery: 3,415 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,007
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 965-6,820
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 965-1207
In the us consulates general: Boston
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph M. SEGARS
From the us embassy: Rua Abilio Macedo 81, Praia
From the us mailing address: C. P. 201, Praia
From the us telephone: [238] 61 56 16
From the us FAX: [238] 61 13 55

Flag descriptionflag of Cabo%20Verde: three horozontal bands of light blue (top, double width), white (with a horozontal red stripe in the middle third), and light blue; a circle of 10 yellow five-pointed stars is centered on the hoist end of the red stripe and extends into the upper and lower blue bands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cabo Verde - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: Cape Verde's low per capita GDP reflects a poor natural resource base, serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought, and a high birthrate. The economy is service oriented, with commerce, transport, and public services accounting for 60% of GDP. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, agriculture's share of GDP is only 20%; the fishing sector accounts for 4%. About 90% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by remittances from emigrants and foreign aid, which form important supplements to GDP. Economic reforms, launched by the new democratic government in 1991, are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy. Prospects for 1995 depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, remittances, and the momentum of the government's development program.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.5% (1992 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 20% of GDP (including fishing; largely subsistence farming; bananas are the only export crop; other crops - corn, beans, sweet potatoes, coffee; growth potential of agricultural sector limited by poor soils and scanty rainfall; annual food imports required; fish catch provides for both domestic consumption and small exports

Industries: fish processing, salt mining, garment industry, ship repair, construction materials, food and beverage production

Industrial production growth rate: 3.6% (1990 est.), accounts for 8% of GDP

Labor force: 102,000 (1985 est.)
By occupation agriculture(mostlysubsistence): 57%
By occupation services: 29%
By occupation industry: 14% (1981)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 26% (1990 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $174 million
Expenditures: $235 million, including capital expenditures of $165 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.4 million (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: fish, bananas, hides and skins
Partners: Netherlands, Portugal, Angola

Imports: $173 million (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, consumer goods, industrial products, transport equipment
Partners: Portugal, Netherlands, Germany, Spain

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $156 million (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Cape Verdean escudos (CVEsc) per US$1 - 85.537 (1st Quarter 1994), 80.427 (1993), 68.018 (1992), 71.408 (1991), 70.031 (1990)

Cabo Verde - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 73 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cabo Verde - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: over 1,700 telephones; telephine density - about 4 telephones/1000 persons
Local: NA
Intercity: interisland microwave radio relay system, high frequency radio links to Senegal and Guinea-Bissau
International: 2 coaxial submarine cables; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cabo Verde - Military 1995
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.4 million, NA% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cabo Verde - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 5

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 5

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: total:7 (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 11,609 GRT/19,052 DWT cargo 6, chemical tanker 1

Ports and terminals

Cabo Verde - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: increasingly used as a transshipment point for illicit drugs moving from Latin America and Africa destined for Western Europe

Crystal Travel

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