Statistical information Djibouti 1995Djibouti

Map of Djibouti | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Djibouti in the World
Djibouti in the World


Djibouti - Introduction 1995
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Background: The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. A peace accord in 1994 ended a three-year uprising by Afars rebels.

Djibouti - Geography 1995
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Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica

Total area total: 22,000 km²
Land: 21,980 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Massachusetts

Land boundaries: total 508 km, Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

Coastline: 314 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: desert; torrid, dry

Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains


Natural resources: geothermal areas
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 9%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 91%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; a vast wasteland

Djibouti - People 1995
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Population: 421,320 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 1.48% (1995 est.)

Noun: Djiboutian(s)
Adjective: Djiboutian

Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%

Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 43% (female 90,070; male 90,631)
15-64 years: 55% (female 108,824; male 121,715)
65 years and over: 2% (female 4,900; male 5,180) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.48% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 42.79 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 15.51 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -12.46 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification
Current issues natural hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
Current issues international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change, Desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 108.8 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 49.7 years
Male: 47.83 years
Female: 51.62 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.15 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 48%
Male: 63%
Female: 34%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Djibouti - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
Conventional short form: Djibouti
Former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas French Somaliland

Government type: republic

Capital: Djibouti

Administrative divisions: 5 districts (cercles, singular - cercle; 'Ali Sabih, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 June 1977 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 June (1977)

Constitution: multiparty constitution approved in referendum 4 September 1992

Legal system: based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch
Chief of state: President HASSAN GOULED Aptidon (since 24 June 1977); election last held 7 May 1993 (next to be held NA 1999); results - President Hassan GOULED Aptidon was reelected
Head of government: Prime Minister BARKAT Gourad Hamadou (since 30 September 1978)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; responsible to the president

Legislative branch: unicameral
Chamber of Deputies Chambre des Deputes: elections last held 18 December 1992; results - RPP (the ruling party) dominated; seats - (65 total) RPP 65

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGADD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Roble OLHAYE
In the us chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,005
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 331-0270
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 331-0302
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Martin L. CHESHES
From the us embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
From the us mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti
From the us telephone: [253] 35 39 95
From the us FAX: [253] 35 39 40

Flag descriptionflag of Djibouti: two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Djibouti - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance (an important supplement to GDP) to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of over 30% continues to be a major problem. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last six years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees).

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -3% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: mostly fruit and vegetables; herding of goats, sheep, and camels

Industries: limited to a few small-scale enterprises, such as dairy products and mineral-water bottling

Industrial production growth rate: 3% (1991 est.), accounts for 14% of GDP

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: over 30% (1994 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $164 million
Expenditures: $201 million, including capital expenditures of $16 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $184 million (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
Commodoties: hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
Partners: Somalia 48%, Yemen 42%

Imports: $384 million (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
Commodoties: foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
Partners: France, UK, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, South Korea

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $227 million (1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Djiboutian francs (DF) per US$1 - 177.721 (fixed rate since 1973)

Djibouti - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 170 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 398 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Djibouti - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: NA telephones; telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country
Local: NA
Intercity: microwave radio relay network
International: international connections via submarine cable to Saudi Arabia and by satellite link to other countries; 1 INTELSAT (Indian Ocean) and 1 ARABSAT earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Djibouti - Military 1995
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $26 million, NA% of GDP (1989)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Djibouti - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 13
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 3
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2438 m: 2
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 6

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 3

Airports with unpaved runways
15-24 to 2438 m: 2
914 to 1523 m: 6






Merchant marine: total:1 cargo ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,369 GRT/3,030 DWT

Ports and terminals

Djibouti - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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