Statistical information Federated States of Micronesia 1995Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia

Map of Federated States of Micronesia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Federated States of Micronesia in the World
Federated States of Micronesia in the World


Federated States of Micronesia - Introduction 1995
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Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia a UN Trust Territory under US administration adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment overfishing and overdependence on US aid.

Federated States of Micronesia - Geography 1995
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Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Total area total: 702 km²
Land: 702 km²
Comparative: slightly less than four times the size of Washington, DC
Note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Truk (Chuuk), Yap, and Kosrae

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 6,112 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasional severe damage

Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk


Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Meadows and pastures: NA%
Forest and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of the US

Federated States of Micronesia - People 1995
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Population: 122,950 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 3.35% (1995 est.)

Noun: Micronesian(s)
Adjective: Micronesian; Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese

Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Languages: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean

Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other and none 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.35% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 28.12 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 6.3 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 11.65 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)
Current issues international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 36.52 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.81 years
Male: 65.84 years
Female: 69.81 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.98 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1980)
Total population: 89%
Male: 91%
Female: 88%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Federated States of Micronesia - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Conventional short form: none
Former: Kosrae, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

Capital: Kolonia (on the island of Pohnpei)
Note: a new capital is being built about 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk (Truk), Yap

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

Constitution: 10 May 1979

Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: President Bailey OLTER (since 21 May 1991); Vice President Jacob NENA (since 21 May 1991); election last held 11 May 1991 (next to be held 7 March 1995); results - Bailey OLTER elected president; Jacob NENA elected vice-president
Cabinet: Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral
Congress: elections last held 5 March 1991 (next to be held 7 March 1995); results - percent of vote NA; seats - (14 total) independents 14

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, WHO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse B. MAREHALAU
In the us chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20,036
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 223-4,383
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 223-4,391
In the us consulates general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador March Fong EU
From the us embassy: address NA, Kolonia
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96,941
From the us telephone: [691] 320-2,187
From the us FAX: [691] 320-2,186

Flag descriptionflag of Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Federated States of Micronesia - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the 1990s. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (1994)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: mainly a subsistence economy; black pepper; tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava, sweet potatoes, pigs, chickens

Industries: tourism, construction, fish processing, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: two-thirds are government employees
Note: 45,000 people are between the ages of 15 and 65
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 27% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $45 million
Expenditures: $31 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY94/95 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $3.2 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: fish, copra, bananas, black pepper
Partners: Japan, US

Imports: $91.2 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Partners: US, Japan, Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Federated States of Micronesia - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 380 kWh (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Federated States of Micronesia - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 960 telephones on Kolonia and Truk
Local: NA
Intercity: islands interconnected by shortwave radio (used mostly for government purposes
International: 4 INTELSAT (Pacific Ocean) earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Federated States of Micronesia - Military 1995
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Federated States of Micronesia - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 4
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
15-24 to 2437 m: 4
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals

Federated States of Micronesia - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Trusted Tours

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