Statistical information Grenada 1995Grenada

Map of Grenada | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Grenada in the World
Grenada in the World

Crystal Travel


Grenada - Introduction 1995
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Background: The smallest independent country in the western hemisphere Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year.


Grenada - Geography 1995
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Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total area total: 340 km²
Land: 340 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 121 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 15%
Permanent crops: 26%
Meadows and pastures: 3%
Forest and woodland: 9%
Other: 47%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada


Grenada - People 1995
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Population: 94,486 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 0.45% (1995 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Grenadian(s)
Adjective: Grenadian

Ethnic groups: black African

Languages: English (official), French patois

Religions: Roman Catholic, Anglican, other Protestant sects

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 43% (female 20,076; male 20,824)
15-64 years: 52% (female 23,123; male 25,828)
65 years and over: 5% (female 2,514; male 2,121) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.45% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 29.69 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -19.24 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
Current issues natural hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Current issues international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 12.1 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.67 years
Male: 68.2 years
Female: 73.17 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.85 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over has ever attended school (1970)
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 98%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Grenada - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Grenada

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Saint George's

Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick

Dependent areas

Independence: 7 February 1974 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 7 February (1974)

Constitution: 19 December 1973

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Reginald Oswald PALMER (since 6 August 1992)
Head of government: Prime Minister George BRIZAN (since 1 February 1994)
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the governor general on advice of the prime minister

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament
Senate: consists of a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and 3 by the Leader of the Opposition
House of Representatives: elections last held on 13 March 1990 (next to be held by NA July 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (15 total) NDC 7, GULP 4, TNP 2, NNP 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Denneth MODESTE
In the us chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 265-2,561
From the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Ollie P. ANDERSON, Jr.
From the us embassy: Point Salines, Saint George's
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's, Grenada, W.I.
From the us telephone: [1] (809) 444-1173 through 1178
From the us FAX: [1] (809) 444-4,820

Flag descriptionflag of Grenada: a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side) with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia; the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Grenada - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: The economy is essentially agricultural and centers on the traditional production of spices and tropical plants. Agriculture accounts for about 15% of GDP and 80% of exports and employs 24% of the labor force. Tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner, followed by agricultural exports. Manufacturing remains relatively undeveloped, but is expected to grow, given a more favorable private investment climate since 1983. The economy achieved an impressive average annual growth rate of 5.5% in 1986-91 but has stalled since 1992. Unemployment remains high at about 25%.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 0.5% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 14% of GDP and 80% of exports; bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, and mace account for two-thirds of total crop production; world's second-largest producer and fourth-largest exporter of nutmeg and mace; small-sized farms predominate, growing a variety of citrus fruits, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, and vegetables

Industries: food and beverage, textile, light assembly operations, tourism, construction

Industrial production growth rate: 1.8% (1992 est.), accounts for 9% of GDP

Labor force: 36,000
By occupation services: 31%
By occupation agriculture: 24%
By occupation construction: 8%
By occupation manufacturing: 5%
By occupation other: 32% (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25% (1994 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $82.2 million (1993 est.)
Expenditures: $74.3 million, including capital expenditures of $11.8 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $18.6 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Partners: Netherlands, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, United States

Imports: $133.8 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: food 25%, manufactured goods 22%, machinery 20%, chemicals 10%, fuel 6% (1989)
Partners: US 29%, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, Canada (1989)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $89.9 million (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)


Grenada - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 60 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 639 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Grenada - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 5,650 telephones; automatic, islandwide telephone system; new SHF radio links to the islands of Trinidad, Tobago, and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to the islands of Trinidad and Carriacou
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: SHF, VHF, and UHF radio communications

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Grenada - Military 1995
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Military expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Grenada - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals


Grenada - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Austrian Airlines


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