Statistical information Guinea-Bissau 1995Guinea-Bissau

Map of Guinea-Bissau | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Guinea-Bissau in the World
Guinea-Bissau in the World


Guinea-Bissau - Introduction 1995
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Background: In 1994 20 years after independence from Portugal the country's first multiparty legislative and presidential elections were held.

Guinea-Bissau - Geography 1995
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Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica

Total area total: 36,120 km²
Land: 28,000 km²
Comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

Land boundaries: total 724 km, Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km

Coastline: 350 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

Terrain: mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east


Natural resources: unexploited deposits of petroleum, bauxite, phosphates, fish, timber
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 11%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 43%
Forest and woodland: 38%
Other: 7%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Guinea-Bissau - People 1995
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Population: 1,124,537 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 2.36% (1995 est.)

Noun: Guinea-Bissauan(s)
Adjective: Guinea-Bissauan

Ethnic groups: African 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%

Languages: Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages

Religions: indigenous beliefs 65%, Muslim 30%, Christian 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 43% (female 242,518; male 243,093)
15-64 years: 54% (female 320,987; male 286,308)
65 years and over: 3% (female 16,129; male 15,502) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.36% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 40.24 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 16.62 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
Current issues natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires
Current issues international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 117.9 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 47.87 years
Male: 46.21 years
Female: 49.57 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.43 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 36%
Male: 50%
Female: 24%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guinea-Bissau - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Conventional short form: Guinea-Bissau
Local long form: Republica de Guine-Bissau
Local short form: Guine-Bissau
Former: Portuguese Guinea

Government type: republic, formerly highly centralized, multiparty since mid-1991

Capital: Bissau

Administrative divisions: 9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao; Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama, Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali

Dependent areas

Independence: 10 September 1974 (from Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day, 10 September (1974)

Constitution: 16 May 1984, amended 4 May 1991 (currently undergoing revision to liberalize popular participation in the government)

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 15 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau Joao Bernardo VIEIRA (assumed power 14 November 1980); election last held August 1994 (next to be held 1999); results - Joao Bernardo VIEIRA 52%, Kumba YALLA 48%
Head of government: Prime Minister Manuel SATURNINO, since 5 November 1994
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

Legislative branch: unicameral
National Peoples Assembly: (Assembleia Nacional Popular) elections last held 3 July and 7 August 1994 (next to be held 1999); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (100 total) PAIGC 62, RGB 19, PRS 12, Union for Change Coalition 6, FLING 1

Judicial branch: none; there is a Ministry of Justice in the Council of Ministers

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT (associate), ACP, AfDB, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMIL, UNOMOZ, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Alfredo Lopes CABRAL
In the us chancery: 918 16th Street NW, Mezzanine Suite, Washington, DC 20,006
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 872-4,222
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 872-4,226
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Roger A. McGUIRE
From the us embassy: Bairro de Penha, Bissau
From the us mailing address: C.P. 297, 1067 Bissau Codex, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
From the us telephone: [245] 252,273, 252,274, 252,275, 252,276
From the us FAX: [245] 252,282

Flag descriptionflag of Guinea-Bissau: two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Cape Verde, which has the black star raised above the center of the red band and is framed by two corn stalks and a yellow clam shell

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guinea-Bissau - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: Guinea-Bissau ranks among the poorest countries in the world. Agriculture and fishing are the main economic activities. Cashew nuts, peanuts, and palm kernels are the primary exports. Exploitation of known mineral deposits is unlikely at present because of a weak infrastructure and the high cost of development. With IMF support the country is committed to an economic reform program emphasizing monetary stability and private sector growth. This process will continue at a slow pace because of a heavy foreign debt burden and internal constraints.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.9% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for over 45% of GDP, nearly 100% of exports, and 90% of employment; rice is the staple food; other crops include corn, beans, cassava, cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, and cotton; not self-sufficient in food; fishing and forestry potential not fully exploited

Industries: agricultural processing, beer, soft drinks

Industrial production growth rate: NA (1991 est.), accounts for 8% of GDP

Labor force: 403,000 (est.)
By occupation agriculture: 90%
By occupation industry services and commerce: 5%
By occupation government: 5%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $33.6 million
Expenditures: $44.8 million, including capital expenditures of $570,000 (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $19 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Commodoties: cashews, fish, peanuts, palm kernels
Partners: Portugal, Spain, Senegal, India, Nigeria

Imports: $56 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, transport equipment, petroleum products, machinery and equipment
Partners: Portugal, Netherlands, China, Germany, Senegal

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $462 million (December 1990 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Guinea-Bissauan pesos (PG) per US$1 - 14,482 (December 1994), 12,892 (1994), 10,082 (1993), 6,934 (1992), 3,659 (1991), 2,185 (1990)

Guinea-Bissau - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 37 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guinea-Bissau - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 3,000 telephones; poor system; telephone density - 2.7 telephones/1000 persons
Local: NA
Intercity: combination of microwave radio relay, open wire lines and radiocommunications
International: NA

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guinea-Bissau - Military 1995
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $9 million, 4.5% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guinea-Bissau - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 32
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 2
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 22
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 6

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 2
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 22

Airports with unpaved runways
914 to 1523 m: 6





Waterways: scattered stretches are important to coastal commerce

Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals

Guinea-Bissau - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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