Statistical information Kiribati 1995Kiribati

Map of Kiribati | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Kiribati in the World
Kiribati in the World


Kiribati - Introduction 1995
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Background: The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.

Kiribati - Geography 1995
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Location: Oceania, group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator and the International Date Line, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Total area total: 717 km²
Land: 717 km²
Comparative: slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC
Note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,143 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds

Terrain: mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs


Natural resources: phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 51%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 3%
Other: 46%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: 20 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia and Nauru

Kiribati - People 1995
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Population: 79,386 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 1.95% (1995 est.)

Noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural)
Adjective: I-Kiribati

Ethnic groups: Micronesian

Languages: English (official), Gilbertese

Religions: Roman Catholic 52.6%, Protestant (Congregational) 40.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist, Baha'i, Church of God, Mormon 6% (1985)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.95% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 31.25 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 12.31 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.56 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues natural hazards: typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes
Current issues international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 98.4 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 54.16 years
Male: 52.56 years
Female: 55.78 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.73 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Kiribati - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati
Conventional short form: Kiribati
Former: Gilbert Islands

Government type: republic

Capital: Tarawa

Administrative divisions: 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
Note: in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina; note - one council for each of the inhabited islands)

Dependent areas

Independence: 12 July 1979 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 July (1979)

Constitution: 12 July 1979

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: President (Beretitenti) Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President (Kauoman-ni-Beretitenti) Tewareka TENTOA (since 12 October 1994); election last held on 30 September 1994 (next to be held by NA 1999)
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the president from an elected parliament

Legislative branch: unicameral
House of Assembly Maneaba Ni Maungatabu: elections last held on 22 July 1994 (next to be held by NA 1999); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (40 total; 39 elected) Maneaban Te Mauri 13, National Progressive Party 7, independents 19

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, IDA, IFC, IFRCS (associate), IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, ITU, SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, UPU, WHO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Kiribati has no mission in the US
From the us: the ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Kiribati

Flag descriptionflag of Kiribati: the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Kiribati - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few national resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Real GDP declined about 5% in 1987, as the fish catch fell sharply to only one-fourth the level of 1986 and copra production was hampered by repeated rains. Output rebounded strongly in 1988, with real GDP growing by 10%. The upturn in economic growth came from an increase in copra production and a good fish catch. GDP then fell by 2.2% in 1989 and by 2.9% in 1990, but has risen by about 3% annually in 1991-93. Foreign financial aid, largely from the UK and Japan, is a critical supplement to GDP, amounting to 25%-50% of GDP in recent years.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.9% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 23% of GDP (including fishing; copra and fish contribute about 65% to exports; subsistence farming predominates; food crops - taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: fishing, handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (1992 est.), accounts for less than 4% of GDP

Labor force: 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $29.6 million
Expenditures: $32.8 million, including capital expenditures of $14 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.2 million (f.o.b., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: copra 50%, seaweed 16%, fish 15%
Partners: Denmark, Fiji, US

Imports: $33.1 million (c.i.f., 1992 est.)
Commodoties: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
Partners: Australia 40%, Japan 18%, Fiji 17%, NZ 6%, US 4% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2 million (December 1989 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.3058 (January 1995), 1.3667 (1994), 1.4704 (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2835 (1991), 1.2799 (1990)

Kiribati - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 13 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 131 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Kiribati - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 1,400 telephones
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 1 INTELSAT (Pacific Ocean) earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Kiribati - Military 1995
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Military expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Kiribati - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 21
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 4
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 5
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 11

Airports with paved runways
15-24 to 2437 m: 4
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 5

Airports with unpaved runways
914 to 1523 m: 11





Waterways: small network of canals, totaling 5 km, in Line Islands

Merchant marine: total:1 passenger-cargo ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,291 GRT/1,295 DWT

Ports and terminals

Kiribati - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

The Fives Hotels

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