Statistical information Malawi 1995Malawi

Map of Malawi | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Malawi in the World
Malawi in the World

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Malawi - Introduction 1995
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Background: Established in 1891 the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. After three decades of one-party rule the country held multiparty elections in 1994 under a provisional constitution which took full effect in 1995.


Malawi - Geography 1995
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Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Total area total: 118,480 km²
Land: 94,080 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries: total 2,881 km, Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: tropical; rainy season (November to May; dry season (May to November)

Terrain: narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: limestone, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 25%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 20%
Forest and woodland: 50%
Other: 5%

Irrigated land: 200 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: landlocked


Malawi - People 1995
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Population: 9,808,384 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 2.63% (1995 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Malawian(s)
Adjective: Malawian

Ethnic groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuko, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European

Languages: English (official), Chichewa (official), other languages important regionally

Religions: Protestant 55%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 20%, traditional indigenous beliefs

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 48% (female 2,361,309; male 2,384,679)
15-64 years: 49% (female 2,479,108; male 2,335,729)
65 years and over: 3% (female 139,632; male 107,927) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.63% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 49.81 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 23.53 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)
Note: the return of refugees to Mozambique is much reduced compared with 1994

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish population
Current issues natural hazards: NA
Current issues international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 140.2 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 39.01 years
Male: 38.28 years
Female: 39.76 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 7.36 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1987)
Total population: 48%
Male: 65%
Female: 34%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Malawi - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Malawi
Conventional short form: Malawi
Former: Nyasaland

Government type: multiparty democracy following a referendum on 14 June 1993; formerly a one-party republic

Capital: Lilongwe

Administrative divisions: 24 districts; Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Lilongwe, Machinga (Kasupe), Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 July 1964 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 6 July (1964)

Constitution: 6 July 1966; republished as amended January 1974

Legal system: based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Appeal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: President Bakili MULUZI (since 21 May 1994), leader of the United Democratic Front
Cabinet: Cabinet; named by the president

Legislative branch: unicameral
National Assembly: elections last held 17 May 1994 (next to be held 1999); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (177 total) UDF 84, AFORD 33, MCP 55, others 5

Judicial branch: High Court, Supreme Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, SADC, UN, UNAMIR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Patrick NYASULU (since 14 October 1994)
In the us chancery: 2,408 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 797-1007
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Peter R. CHAVEAS
From the us embassy: address NA, in new capital city development area in Lilongwe
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 30,016, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
From the us telephone: [265] 783 166
From the us FAX: [265] 780 471

Flag descriptionflag of Malawi: three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green with a radiant, rising, red sun centered in the black band; similar to the flag of Afghanistan, which is longer and has the national coat of arms superimposed on the hoist side of the black and red bands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Malawi - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounts for 40% of GDP and 90% of export revenues. After two years of weak performance, economic growth improved significantly in 1988-91 as a result of good weather and a broadly based economic adjustment effort by the government. Drought cut overall output sharply in 1992, but the lost ground was recovered in 1993. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. The new government faces strong challenges, e.g., to spur exports, to improve educational and health facilities, and to deal with environmental problems of deforestation and erosion.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 9.3% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 40% of GDP; cash crops - tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, and corn; subsistence crops - potatoes, cassava, sorghum, pulses; livestock - cattle, goats

Industries: agricultural processing (tea, tobacco, sugar), sawmilling, cement, consumer goods

Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% accounts for about 15% of GDP (1992 est.)

Labor force: 428,000 wage earners
By occupation agriculture: 43%
By occupation manufacturing: 16%
By occupation personalservices: 15%
By occupation commerce: 9%
By occupation construction: 7%
By occupation miscellaneousservices: 4%
By occupation otherpermanentlyemployed: 6% (1986)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $416 million
Expenditures: $498 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $311 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: tobacco, tea, sugar, coffee, peanuts, wood products
Partners: US, UK, Zambia, South Africa, Germany

Imports: $308 million (c.i.f., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment
Partners: South Africa, Japan, US, UK, Zimbabwe

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.8 billion (December 1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Malawian kwacha (MK) per US$1 - 7.8358 (August 1994), 4.4028 (1993), 3.6033 (1992), 2.8033 (1991), 2.7289 (1990), 2.7595 (1989)


Malawi - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 820 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 77 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Malawi - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 42,250 telephones
Local: NA
Intercity: fair system of open-wire lines, radio relay links, and radio communications stations
International: 2 INTELSAT (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean ) earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Malawi - Military 1995
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $13 million, 0.7% of GDP (FY93/94)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Malawi - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 47
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 4
With paved runways under 914 m: 25
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2438 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 15

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 4
Under 914 m: 25

Airports with unpaved runways
15-24 to 2438 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 15

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi; Shire River, 144 km

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Malawi - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: dispute with Tanzania over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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