Statistical information Norfolk Island 1995Norfolk%20Island

Map of Norfolk Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Norfolk Island in the World
Norfolk Island in the World


Norfolk Island - Introduction 1995
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Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856 the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.

Norfolk Island - Geography 1995
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Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceOceania

Total area total: 34.6 km²
Land: 34.6 km²
Comparative: about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 32 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: subtropical, mild, little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains


Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 25%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 75%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of Australia

Norfolk Island - People 1995
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Population: 2,756 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 1.69% (1995 est.)

Noun: Norfolk Islander(s)
Adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)

Ethnic groups: descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander

Languages: English (official), Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian

Religions: Anglican 39%, Roman Catholic 11.7%, Uniting Church in Australia 16.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4.4%, none 9.2%, unknown 16.9%, other 2.4% (1986)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.69% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate: NA

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues natural hazards: typhoons (especially May to July)
Current issues international agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA

Life expectancy at birth: NA

Total fertility rate: NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Norfolk Island - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island
Conventional short form: Norfolk Island

Government type: territory of Australia

Capital: Kingston (administrative center; Burnt Pine (commercial center)

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: Pitcairners Arrival Day Anniversary, 8 June (1856)

Constitution: Norfolk Island Act of 1979

Legal system: wide legislative and executive responsibility under the Norfolk Island Act of 1979; Supreme Court

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Administrator Alan Gardner KERR (since NA April 1992), who is appointed by the Governor General of Australia
Head of government: Assembly President David Ernest BUFFETT (since NA May 1992)
Cabinet: Executive Council

Legislative branch: unicameral
Legislative Assembly: elections last held 20 May 1992 (next to be held NA May 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (9 total) independents 9

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: none

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of Australia)
From the us: none (territory of Australia)

Flag descriptionflag of Norfolk%20Island: three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Norfolk Island - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: The primary economic activity is tourism, which has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The number of visitors has increased steadily over the years and reached 29,000 in FY88/89. Revenues from tourism have given the island a favorable balance of trade and helped the agricultural sector to become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit, cattle, poultry

Industries: tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $N/A
Expenditures: $4.2 million, including capital expenditures of $400,000 (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.7 million (f.o.b., FY85/86)
Commodoties: postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocados
Partners: Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

Imports: $15.6 million (c.i.f., FY85/86)
Commodoties: NA
Partners: Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.3058 (January 1995), 1.3667 (1994), 1.4704 (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2835 (1991), 1.2799 (1990)

Norfolk Island - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 8 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 3,160 kWh (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Norfolk Island - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 987 telephones (1983)
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: radio link service with Sydney

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Norfolk Island - Military 1995
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Norfolk Island - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals

Norfolk Island - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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