Statistical information Pakistan 1995Pakistan

Map of Pakistan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Pakistan in the World
Pakistan in the World

Pakistan - Introduction 1995
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Background: The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved. A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing.

Pakistan - Geography 1995
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Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India and Iran

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAsia

Total area total: 803,940 km²
Land: 778,720 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries: total 6,774 km, Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

Coastline: 1,046 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west


Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 23%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 6%
Forest and woodland: 4%
Other: 67% (1993)

Irrigated land: 170,000 km² (1992)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

Pakistan - People 1995
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Population: 131,541,920 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 1.28% (1995 est.)

Noun: Pakistani(s)
Adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India and their descendents)

Languages: Urdu (official), English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Punjabi 64%, Sindhi 12%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu 7%, Balochi and other 9%

Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 44% (female 28,033,354; male 29,777,818)
15-64 years: 52% (female 33,456,410; male 35,109,482)
65 years and over: 4% (female 2,556,846; male 2,608,010) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.28% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 41.8 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 12.07 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -16.93 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification
Current issues natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)
Current issues international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 99.5 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 57.86 years
Male: 57.18 years
Female: 58.56 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.35 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 35%
Male: 47%
Female: 21%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Pakistan - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Conventional short form: Pakistan
Former: West Pakistan

Government type: republic

Capital: Islamabad

Administrative divisions: 4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier, Punjab, Sindh
Note: the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region includes Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas

Dependent areas

Independence: 14 August 1947 (from UK)

National holiday: Pakistan Day, 23 March (1956) (proclamation of the republic)

Constitution: 10 April 1973, suspended 5 July 1977, restored with amendments 30 December 1985

Legal system: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's stature as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal; separate electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for non-Muslims

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Sardar Farooq LEGHARI; election last held 13 November 1993 (next to be held no later than 14 October 1998); results - LEGHARI was elected by Parliament and the four provincial assemblies
Head of government: Prime Minister Benazir BHUTTO
Cabinet: Cabinet

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora)
Senate: elections last held NA March 1994 (next to be held NA March 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (87 total) PPP 22, PML/N 17; Tribal Area Representatives (nonparty) 8, ANP 6, PML/J 5, JWP 5, MQM/A 5, JUI/F 2, PKMAP 2, JI 2, NPP 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, JUP/NI 1, JUP/NO 1, JAH 1, JUI/S 1, PML/F 1, PNP 1, independents 2, vacant 1
National Assembly: elections last held 6 October 1993 (next to be held by October 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (217 total) PPP 92, PML/N 75, PML/J 6, IJM-Islamic Democratic Front 4, ANP 3, PKMAP 4, PIF 3, JWP 2, MDM 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, NDA 1, NPP 1, PKQP 1, Religious minorities 10 reserved seats, independents 9, results pending 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Federal Islamic (Shari'at) Court

Political parties and leaders


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Maleeha LODHI
In the us chancery: 2,315 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 939-6,200
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 387-0484
In the us consulates general: Los Angeles and New York
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador John C. MONJO
From the us embassy: Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5, Islamabad
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 1048, PSC 1212, Box 2000, Unit 6,220, Islamabad; APO AE 9,812-2000
From the us telephone: [92] (51) 826,161 through 826,179
From the us FAX: [92] (51) 214,222
From the us consulates general: Karachi, Lahore
From the us consulates: Peshawar

Flag descriptionflag of Pakistan: green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Pakistan - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: The Pakistani economy has made progress in several key areas since Benazir BHUTTO became Prime Minister in October 1993. She has been under pressure from international donors and the IMF - which gave Pakistan a $1.3 billion structural adjustment credit in February 1994 - to continue the economic reforms and austerity measures begun by her predecessor, caretaker Prime Minister Moeen QURESHI (July-October 1993). Foreign exchange reserves climbed to more than $3 billion in 1994, and the budget deficit was substantially reduced. Real GDP growth was 4% in FY93/94, up from 2.3% in FY92/93. Foreign direct and portfolio investment also have increased. Privatization of large public sector utilities began in 1994 with the sale of 12% of the Pakistan Telecommunications Corporation (PTC) and the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA; the sale of state-owned banks and other large units are planned for 1995. Still, the government must cope with long-standing economic vulnerabilities - high levels of debt service and defense spending, a small tax base, a huge population, and dependence on cotton-based exports - which hamper its ability to create a stable economic environment. In addition, Pakistan's infrastructure is inadequate and deteriorating, low levels of literacy constrain industrial growth, and increasing sectarian, ethnic, and tribal violence disrupt production.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: 24% of GDP; world's largest contiguous irrigation system; major crops - cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; livestock products - milk, beef, mutton, eggs

Industries: textiles, food processing, beverages, construction materials, clothing, paper products, shrimp

Industrial production growth rate: 5.6% (FY93/94; accounts for 18% of GDP

Labor force: 36 million
By occupation agriculture: 46%
By occupation mining and manufacturing: 18%
By occupation services: 17%
By occupation other: 19%
Note: extensive export of labor
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10% (FY90/91 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $10.5 billion
Expenditures: $11.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $3.1 billion (FY93/94)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $6.7 billion (1993)
Commodoties: cotton, textiles, clothing, rice, leather, carpets
Partners: US, Japan, Hong Kong, Germany, UK, UAE, France

Imports: $9.5 billion (1993)
Commodoties: petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, transportation equipment, vegetable oils, animal fats, chemicals
Partners: Japan, US, Germany, UK, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, South Korea

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $24 billion (1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Pakistani rupees (PRs) per US$1 - 30.860 (January 1995), 30.570 (1994), 28.107 (1993), 25.083 (1992), 23.801 (1991), 21.707 (1990)

Pakistan - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Pakistan - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: NA telephones; about 7 telephones/1000 persons; the domestic telephone system is poor, adequate only for government and business use; the system for international traffic is better
Local: NA
Intercity: microwave radio relay
International: 3 INTELSAT (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) earth stations; microwave radio relay

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Pakistan - Military 1995
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.2 billion, 5.6% of GDP (FY94/95)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Pakistan - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 119
With paved runways over 3047 m: 12
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 21
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 33
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 14
With paved runways under 914 m: 24
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2438 m: 7
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 8

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 12
2438 to 3047 m: 21
15-24 to 2437 m: 33
914 to 1523 m: 14
Under 914 m: 24

Airports with unpaved runways
15-24 to 2438 m: 7
914 to 1523 m: 8


Pipelines: crude oil 250 km; petroleum products 885 km; natural gas 4,044 km (1987)




Merchant marine
Total: 30 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 352,189 GRT/532,782 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 25, oil tanker 1, passenger-cargo 3

Ports and terminals

Pakistan - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: status of Kashmir with India; border question with Afghanistan (Durand Line; water-sharing problems (Wular Barrage) over the Indus with upstream riparian India

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: major illicit producer of opium and hashish for the international drug trade; remains world's third largest opium producer (160 metric tons in 1994; major center for processing Afghan heroin and key transit area for Southwest Asian heroin moving to Western market

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