Statistical information Qatar 1995Qatar

Map of Qatar | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Qatar in the World

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Qatar - Introduction 1995
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Background: During the late 1980s and early 1990s the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown in a bloodless coup by his own son in 1995. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Qatar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.


Qatar - Geography 1995
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Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceMiddle East

Area
Total area total: 11,000 km²
Land: 11,000 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries: total 60 km, Saudi Arabia 60 km

Coastline: 563 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: desert; hot, dry; humid and sultry in summer

Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 5%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 95%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits


Qatar - People 1995
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Population: 533,916 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 2.74% (1995 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Qatari(s)
Adjective: Qatari

Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%

Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language

Religions: Muslim 95%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 30% (female 81,443; male 80,591)
15-64 years: 68% (female 104,921; male 258,135)
65 years and over: 2% (female 2,941; male 5,885) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.74% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 22.72 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 3.59 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 8.25 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Current issues natural hazards: haze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Current issues international agreements: signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 20.4 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 73.03 years
Male: 70.45 years
Female: 75.5 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.63 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1986)
Total population: 76%
Male: 77%
Female: 72%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Qatar - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Qatar
Conventional short form: Qatar
Local long form: Dawlat Qatar
Local short form: Qatar

Government type: traditional monarchy

Capital: Doha

Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah; Ad Dawhah, Al Ghuwayriyah, Al Jumayliyah, Al Khawr, Al Wakrah, Ar Rayyan, Jarayan al Batinah, Madinat ash Shamal, Umm Salal

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 September 1971 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 3 September (1971)

Constitution: provisional constitution enacted 2 April 1970

Legal system: discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law is significant in personal matters

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: none

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: Amir and Prime Minister KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani (since 22 February 1972); Crown Prince HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (appointed 31 May 1977; son of Amir and Minister of Defense)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the amir

Legislative branch: unicameral
Advisory Council Majlis alShura: constitution calls for elections for part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held; seats - (30 total)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GATT, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador ABD AL-RAHMAN bin Saud bin Fahd Al Thani
In the us chancery: Suite 1180, 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,037
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 338-0111
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Kenton W. KEITH
From the us embassy: 149 Ali Bin Ahmed St., Farig Bin Omran (opposite the television station), Doha
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 2,399, Doha
From the us telephone: [974] 864,701 through 864,703
From the us FAX: [974] 861,669

Flag descriptionflag of Qatar: maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Qatar - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: Oil is the backbone of the economy and accounts for more than 30% of GDP, roughly 75% of export earnings, and 70% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.3 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels for about 25 years. Oil has given Qatar a per capita GDP comparable to the leading West European industrial countries. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Long-term goals feature the development of off-shore oil and the diversification of the economy.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -1% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: farming and grazing on small scale, less than 2% of GDP; agricultural area is small and government-owned; commercial fishing increasing in importance; most food imported

Industries: crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel (rolls reinforcing bars for concrete construction), cement

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $2.5 billion
Expenditures: $3 billion, including capital expenditures of $440 million (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $3.13 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: petroleum products 75%, steel, fertilizers
Partners: Japan 57%, South Korea 9%, Brazil 4%, UAE 4%, Singapore 3% (1992)

Imports: $1.75 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment, consumer goods, food, chemicals
Partners: Japan 16%, UK 11%, US 11%, Germany 7%, France 5% (1992)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.5 billion (1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Qatari riyals (QR) per US$1 - 3.6400 riyals (fixed rate)


Qatar - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 4.5 billion kWh
Consumption per capita: 8,415 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Qatar - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 110,000 telephones; modern system centered in Doha
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrain and UAE; 2 INTELSAT (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 ARABSAT earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Qatar - Military 1995
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Military expenditures: $NA, NA%, of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Qatar - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 2
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 3

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 2

Airports with unpaved runways
914 to 1523 m: 3

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine
Total: 19 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 463,227 GRT/763,507 DWT
Ships by type: combination ore/oil 1, container 3, cargo 11, oil tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 1

Ports and terminals


Qatar - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: territorial dispute with Bahrain over the Hawar Islands; maritime boundary with Bahrain

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Adrenaline


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