Statistical information Togo 1995Togo

Map of Togo | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Togo in the World
Togo in the World

Volotea Air

Togo - Introduction 1995
top of page

Background: French Togoland became Togo in 1960. Despite the facade of multiparty rule instituted in the early 1990s the government continues to be dominated by the military which has maintained its power almost continuously since 1967.

Togo - Geography 1995
top of page

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Benin and Ghana

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica

Total area total: 56,790 km²
Land: 54,390 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries: total 1,647 km, Benin 644 km, Burkina 126 km, Ghana 877 km

Coastline: 56 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 30 nm

Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

Terrain: gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes


Natural resources: phosphates, limestone, marble
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 25%
Permanent crops: 1%
Meadows and pastures: 4%
Forest and woodland: 28%
Other: 42%

Irrigated land: 70 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Togo - People 1995
top of page

Population: 4,410,370 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 3.58% (1995 est.)

Noun: Togolese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Togolese

Ethnic groups: 37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabye, European and Syrian-Lebanese under 1%

Languages: French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Dagomba and Kabye (the two major African languages in the north)

Religions: indigenous beliefs 70%, Christian 20%, Muslim 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 49% (female 1,069,171; male 1,079,999)
15-64 years: 49% (female 1,121,685; male 1,043,000)
65 years and over: 2% (female 51,392; male 45,123) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.58% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 46.78 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 11.01 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; recent droughts affecting agriculture
Current issues natural hazards: hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts
Current issues international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Tropical Timber 94

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 86.5 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 57.42 years
Male: 55.29 years
Female: 59.6 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.83 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 43%
Male: 56%
Female: 31%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Togo - Government 1995
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Togo
Conventional short form: Togo
Local long form: Republique Togolaise
Local short form: none
Former: French Togo

Government type: republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule

Capital: Lome

Administrative divisions: 23 circumscriptions (circonscriptions, singular - circonscription); Amlame (Amou), Aneho (Lacs), Atakpame (Ogou), Badou (Wawa), Bafilo (Assoli), Bassar (Bassari), Dapango (Tone), Kande (Keran), Klouto (Kloto), Pagouda (Binah), Lama-Kara (Kozah), Lome (Golfe), Mango (Oti), Niamtougou (Doufelgou), Notse (Haho), Pagouda, Sotouboua, Tabligbo (Yoto), Tchamba, Nyala, Tchaoudjo, Tsevie (Zio), Vogan (Vo)
Note: the 23 units may now be called prefectures (singular - prefecture) and reported name changes for individual units are included in parentheses

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 April (1960)

Constitution: multiparty draft constitution approved by High Council of the Republic 1 July 1992; adopted by public referendum 27 September 1992

Legal system: French-based court system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA (since 14 April 1967); election last held 25 August 1993 (next election to be held NA 1998); all major opposition parties boycotted the election; Gen. EYADEMA won 96.5% of the vote
Head of government: Prime Minister Edem KODJO (since April 1994)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president and the prime minister

Legislative branch: unicameral
National Assembly: elections last held 6 and 20 February 1994 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (81 total) CAR 36, RPT 35, UTD 7, UJD 2, CFN 1
Note: the Supreme Court ordered new elections for 3 seats of the Action Committee for Renewal (CAR) and the Togolese Union for Democracy (UTD), lowering their total to 34 and 6 seats, respectively; the remaining 3 seats have not been filled

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal (Cour d'Appel), Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Charge d'Affaires Edem Frederic HEGBE
In the us chancery: 2,208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 234-4,212
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 232-3,190
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Johnny YOUNG (since September 1994)
From the us embassy: Rue Pelletier Caventou and Rue Vauban, Lome
From the us mailing address: B. P. 852, Lome
From the us telephone: [228] 21 77 17, 21 29 91 through 21 29 94
From the us FAX: [228] 21 79 52

Flag descriptionflag of Togo: five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; there is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Togo - Economy 1995
top of page

Economy overview: The economy is heavily dependent on subsistence agriculture, which accounts for about half of GDP and provides employment for 80% of the labor force. Primary agricultural exports are cocoa, coffee, and cotton, which together generate about 30% of total export earnings. Togo is self-sufficient in basic foodstuffs when harvests are normal. In the industrial sector phosphate mining is by far the most important activity, although it has suffered from the collapse of world phosphate prices and increased foreign competition. Togo serves as a regional commercial and trade center. The government's decade-long IMF and World Bank supported effort to implement economic reform measures to encourage foreign investment and bring revenues in line with expenditures has stalled. Political unrest, including private and public sector strikes throughout 1992 and 1993, has jeopardized the reform program, shrunk the tax base, and disrupted vital economic activity. Although strikes had ended in 1994, political unrest and lack of funds prevented the government from taking advantage of the 50% currency devaluation of January 1994. Resumption of World Bank and IMF flows will depend on implementation of several controversial moves toward privatization and on downsizing the military, on which the regime depends to stay in power.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 49% of GDP; cash crops - coffee, cocoa, cotton; food crops - yams, cassava, corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum; livestock production not significant; annual fish catch of 10,000-14,000 tons

Industries: phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages

Industrial production growth rate: 9% (1991 est.), accounts for 20% of GDP

Labor force: NA
By occupation: agriculture 80%
Note: about 88,600 wage earners, evenly divided between public and private sectors
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $284 million
Expenditures: $407 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $221 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Commodoties: phosphates, cotton, cocoa, coffee
Partners: EC 40%, Africa 16%, US 1% (1990)

Imports: $292 million (c.i.f., 1993)
Commodoties: machinery and equipment, consumer goods, food, chemical products
Partners: EC 57%, Africa 17%, US 5%, Japan 4% (1990)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.3 billion (1991)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 529.43 (January 1995), 555.20 (1994), 283.16 (1993), 264.69 (1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990)
Note: the official rate is pegged to the French franc, and beginning 12 January 1994, the CFA franc was devalued to CFAF 100 per French franc from CFAF 50 at which it had been fixed since 1948

Togo - Energy 1995
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 60 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 83 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Togo - Communication 1995
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: NA telephones; fair system based on network of radio relay routes supplemented by open wire lines
Local: NA
Intercity: microwave radio relay and open wire lines
International: 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT and 1 SYMPHONIE earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Togo - Military 1995
top of page

Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $48 million, 2.9% of GDP (1993)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Togo - Transportation 1995
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 9
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 2
With paved runways under 914 m: 2
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 5

Airports with paved runways
2438 to 3047 m: 2
Under 914 m: 2

Airports with unpaved runways
914 to 1523 m: 5





Waterways: 50 km Mono River

Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals

Togo - Transnational issues 1995
top of page

Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: increasingly used as transit hub by heroin traffickers


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it