Statistical information Trinidad and Tobago 1995Trinidad%20and%20Tobago

Map of Trinidad and Tobago | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Trinidad and Tobago in the World
Trinidad and Tobago in the World

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Trinidad and Tobago - Introduction 1995
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Background: The islands came under British control in the 19th century; independence was granted in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism mostly in Tobago is targeted for expansion and is growing.


Trinidad and Tobago - Geography 1995
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Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total area total: 5,130 km²
Land: 5,130 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 362 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to December)

Terrain: mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 14%
Permanent crops: 17%
Meadows and pastures: 2%
Forest and woodland: 44%
Other: 23%

Irrigated land: 220 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Trinidad and Tobago - People 1995
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Population: 1,271,159 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 0.12% (1995 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
Adjective: Trinidadian, Tobagonian

Ethnic groups: black 43%, East Indian (a local term - primarily immigrants from northern India) 40%, mixed 14%, white 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%

Languages: English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish

Religions: Roman Catholic 32.2%, Hindu 24.3%, Anglican 14.4%, other Protestant 14%, Muslim 6%, none or unknown 9.1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 31% (female 191,627; male 198,225)
15-64 years: 64% (female 399,726; male 407,495)
65 years and over: 5% (female 40,577; male 33,509) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.12% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 16.62 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 6.88 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -8.59 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion
Current issues natural hazards: outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms
Current issues international agreements: party to - Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 18.5 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.14 years
Male: 67.75 years
Female: 72.6 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.01 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
Total population: 97%
Male: 98%
Female: 96%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Trinidad and Tobago - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Conventional short form: Trinidad and Tobago

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port-of-Spain

Administrative divisions: 8 counties, 3 municipalities*, and 1 ward**; Arima*, Caroni, Mayaro, Nariva, Port-of-Spain*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick, San Fernando*, Tobago**, Victoria

Dependent areas

Independence: 31 August 1962 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 31 August (1962)

Constitution: 1 August 1976

Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Noor Mohammed HASSANALI (since 18 March 1987)
Head of government: Prime Minister Patrick Augustus Mervyn MANNING (since 17 December 1991)
Cabinet: Cabinet; responsible to parliament

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament
Senate: consists of a 31-member body appointed by the president
House of Representatives: elections last held 16 December 1991 (next to be held by December 1996); results - PNM 32%, UNC 13%, NAR 2%; seats - (36 total) PNM 21, UNC 13, NAR 2

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, CARICOM, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-24, G-77, GATT, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNU, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Corinne Averille McKNIGHT
In the us chancery: 1708 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,036
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 467-6,490
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 785-3,130
In the us consulates general: New York
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Brian DONNELLY (since September 1994)
From the us embassy: 15 Queen's Park West, Port-of-Spain
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 752, Port-of-Spain
From the us telephone: [1] (809) 622-6,372 through 6,376, 6,176
From the us FAX: [1] (809) 628-5,462

Flag descriptionflag of Trinidad%20and%20Tobago: red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Trinidad and Tobago - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: Trinidad and Tobago's petroleum-based economy still enjoys a high per capita income by Latin American standards, even though output and living standards are substantially below the boom years of 1973-82. The country suffers from widespread unemployment, large foreign-debt payments, and periods of low international oil prices. The government has begun to make progress in its efforts to diversify exports and to liberalize its trade regime, making 1994 the first year of substantial growth since the early 1980s.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 3% of GDP; major crops - cocoa, sugarcane; sugarcane acreage is being shifted into rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables; poultry sector most important source of animal protein; must import large share of food needs

Industries: petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles

Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1994 est.), accounts for 39% of GDP, including petroleum

Labor force: 463,900
By occupation constructionandutilities: 18.1%
By occupation andquarrying: 14.8%
By occupation agriculture: 10.9%
By occupation other: 56.2% (1985est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 18.1% (1994 )

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $1.6 billion
Expenditures: $1.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $158 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.9 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
Commodoties: petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, steel products, fertilizer, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus, flowers
Partners: US 44%, CARICOM 15%, Latin America 9%, EC 5% (1993)

Imports: $996 million (c.i.f., 1994)
Commodoties: machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, live animals
Partners: US 43%, Venezuela 10%, UK 8%, other EC 8% (1993)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2 billion (1994)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Trinidad and Tobago dollars (TT$) per US$1 - 5.8758 (January 1995), 5.9160 (1994), 5.3511 (1993), 4.2500 (fixed rate 1989-1992; note - effective 13 April 1993, the exchange rate of the TT dollar is market-determined as opposed to the prior fixed relationship to the US dollar


Trinidad and Tobago - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 3.9 billion kWh
Consumption per capita: 2,740 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Trinidad and Tobago - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 109,000 telephones; excellent international service via tropospheric scatter links to Barbados and Guyana; good local service
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 1 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean) earth station; linked to Barbados and Guyana by tropospheric scatter system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Trinidad and Tobago - Military 1995
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $83 million, 1.5% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Trinidad and Tobago - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 2
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
Under 914 m: 2

Airports with unpaved runways
914 to 1523 m: 1

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 1,032 km; petroleum products 19 km; natural gas 904 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: total:2 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 12,507 GRT/21,923 DWT

Ports and terminals


Trinidad and Tobago - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe and producer of cannabis


Sesame


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