Statistical information Turks and Caicos Islands 1995Turks%20and%20Caicos%20Islands

Map of Turks and Caicos Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Turks and Caicos Islands in the World
Turks and Caicos Islands in the World

Turks and Caicos Islands - Introduction 1995
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Background: The islands were under Jamaican jurisdiction until 1962 when they assumed the status of a crown colony. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982 the policy was reversed and the islands are presently a British overseas territory.

Turks and Caicos Islands - Geography 1995
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Location: Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total area total: 430 km²
Land: 430 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 389 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

Terrain: low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps


Natural resources: spiny lobster, conch
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 2%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 0%
Forest and woodland: 0%
Other: 98%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Turks and Caicos Islands - People 1995
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Population: 13,941 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 2.41% (1995 est.)

Noun: none
Adjective: none

Ethnic groups: African

Languages: English (official)

Religions: Baptist 41.2%, Methodist 18.9%, Anglican 18.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.7%, other 19.9% (1980)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.41% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 13.46 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 5.16 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 15.83 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Current issues natural hazards: frequent hurricanes
Current issues international agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 12.63 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.37 years
Male: 73.44 years
Female: 77.04 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.3 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over has ever attended school (1970)
Total population: 98%
Male: 99%
Female: 98%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Turks and Caicos Islands - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Grand Turk

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)

Constitution: introduced 30 August 1976, suspended in 1986, restored and revised 5 March 1988

Legal system: based on laws of England and Wales with a small number adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1953), represented by Governor Martin BOURKE (since NA February 1993)
Head of government: Chief Minister Derek H. TAYLOR (since 31 January 1995)
Cabinet: Executive Council; consists of three ex-officio members and five appointed by the governor from the Legislative Council

Legislative branch: unicameral
Legislative Council: elections last held 31 January 1995 (next to be held by NA 2000); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (20 total, 13 elected) PDM 8, PNP 4, independent (Norman SAUNDERS) 1

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM (associate), CDB, INTERPOL (subbureau)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (dependent territory of the UK)
From the us: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Turks%20and%20Caicos%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell, lobster, and cactus

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Turks and Caicos Islands - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: The economy is based on fishing, tourism, and offshore banking. Only subsistence farming - corn, cassava, citrus, and beans - exists on the Caicos Islands, so that most foods, as well as nonfood products, must be imported.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -1.5% (1992)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: subsistence farming prevails, based on corn and beans; fishing more important than farming; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: fishing, tourism, offshore financial services

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: majority engaged in fishing and tourist industries; some subsistence agriculture
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 12% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $20.3 million
Expenditures: $44 million, including capital expenditures of $23.9 million (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $6.8 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Commodoties: lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Partners: US, UK

Imports: $42.8 million (1993)
Commodoties: food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
Partners: US, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Turks and Caicos Islands - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 11.1 million kWh
Consumption per capita: 860 kWh (1992)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Turks and Caicos Islands - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 1,446 telephones; fair cable and radio services
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 2 submarine cables; 1 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean) earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Turks and Caicos Islands - Military 1995
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Turks and Caicos Islands - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 3
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 2

Airports with paved runways
15-24 to 2437 m: 3
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways
914 to 1523 m: 2






Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals

Turks and Caicos Islands - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US

Sightseeing Pass

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