Statistical information Zambia 1995Zambia

Map of Zambia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Zambia - Introduction 1995
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Background: The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa Company from 1891 until takeover by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule.


Zambia - Geography 1995
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Location: Southern Africa, east of Angola

Geographic coordinates

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Total area total: 752,610 km²
Land: 740,720 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Texas

Land boundaries: total 5,664 km, Angola 1,110 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zaire 1,930 km, Zimbabwe 797 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none; landlocked

Climate: tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

Terrain: mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower potential
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 7%
Permanent crops: 0%
Meadows and pastures: 47%
Forest and woodland: 27%
Other: 19%

Irrigated land: 320 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: landlocked


Zambia - People 1995
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Population: 9,445,723 (July 1995 est.)
Growth rate: 2.7% (1995 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Zambian(s)
Adjective: Zambian

Ethnic groups: African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%

Languages: English (official)
Note: about 70 indigenous languages

Religions: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 50% (female 2,331,820; male 2,363,319)
15-64 years: 48% (female 2,332,798; male 2,193,363)
65 years and over: 2% (female 112,484; male 111,939) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.7% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 45.47 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 18.42 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.04 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros and elephant populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks
Current issues natural hazards: tropical storms (November to April)
Current issues international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 86 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 42.88 years
Male: 42.74 years
Female: 43.03 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.62 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 73%
Male: 81%
Female: 65%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Zambia - Government 1995
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Zambia
Conventional short form: Zambia
Former: Northern Rhodesia

Government type: republic

Capital: Lusaka

Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 24 October (1964)

Constitution: 2 August 1991

Legal system: based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: President Frederick CHILUBA (since 31 October 1991); Vice President General Godfrey MIYANDA (since NA August 1994; he replaced Levy MWANAWASA who was elected 31 October 1991 and resigned in NA August 1994) election last held 31 October 1991 (next to be held NA 1996); results - Frederick CHILUBA 84%, Kenneth KAUNDA 16%
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the president from members of the National Assembly

Legislative branch: unicameral
National Assembly: elections last held 31 October 1991 (next to be held NA 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (150 total) MMD 125, UNIP 25; note - the MMD's majority was weakened by the defection of 13 of its parliamentary members during 1993 and the defeat of its candidates in 4 of the resulting by-elections

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, FLS, G-19, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMOZ, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Dunstan Weston KAMANA
In the us chancery: 2,419 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 265-9,717 through 9,719
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 332-0826
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Roland K. KUCHEL
From the us embassy: corner of Independence Avenue and United Nations Avenue, Lusaka
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 31,617, Lusaka
From the us telephone: [260] (1) 228,595, 228,601, 228,602, 228,603
From the us FAX: [260] (1) 261,538

Flag descriptionflag of Zambia: green with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Zambia - Economy 1995
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Economy overview: Prior to 1993 the economy had been in decline for more than a decade with falling imports and growing foreign debt. Economic difficulties stemmed largely from a chronically depressed level of copper production and weak copper prices, generally ineffective economic policies, and high inflation. An annual population growth of 3% brought a decline in per capita GDP of 50% over the decade. However, economic reforms enacted since 1992 have helped reduce inflation, have begun to strengthen the social safety net, and have been accompanied by GDP growth at an estimated 6.8% in 1993 and 4% in 1994. The huge external debt remains a key problem.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 12% of GDP and 85% of labor force; crops - corn (food staple), sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava; cattle, goats, beef, eggs

Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, and fertilizer

Industrial production growth rate: -1% (1992; accounts for 42% of GDP

Labor force: 3.4 million
By occupation agriculture: 85%
By occupation and construction: 6%
By occupation transport and services: 9%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $665 million
Expenditures: $767 million, including capital expenditures of $300 million (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.01 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: copper, zinc, cobalt, lead, tobacco
Partners: EC countries, Japan, South Africa, US, India

Imports: $1.13 billion (c.i.f., 1993 est.)
Commodoties: machinery, transportation equipment, foodstuffs, fuels, manufactures
Partners: EC countries, Japan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, US

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $7.3 billion (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Zambian kwacha (ZK) per US$1 - 672.8 (September 1994), 434.78 (1993), 156.25 (1992), 61.7284 (1991), 28.9855 (1990)


Zambia - Energy 1995
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 7.8 billion kWh
Consumption per capita: 650 kWh (1993)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Zambia - Communication 1995
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: NA telephones; facilities are among the best in Sub-Saharan Africa
Local: NA
Intercity: high capacity micrwave radio relay connects most larger towns and cities
International: 2 INTELSAT earth stations (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Zambia - Military 1995
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $45 million, 1.4% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Zambia - Transportation 1995
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 113
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 4
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 4
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 4
With paved runways under 914 m: 39
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2438 m: 4
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 57

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 4
15-24 to 2437 m: 4
914 to 1523 m: 4
Under 914 m: 39

Airports with unpaved runways
15-24 to 2438 m: 4
914 to 1523 m: 57

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 1,724 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 2,250 km, including Zambezi and Luapula Rivers, Lake Tanganyika

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Zambia - Transnational issues 1995
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Disputes international: quadripoint with Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe is in disagreement; Tanzania-Zaire-Zambia tripoint in Lake Tanganyika may no longer be indefinite since it is reported that the indefinite section of the Zaire-Zambia boundary has been settled

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: increasingly a regional transshipment center for methaqualone and heroin


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