Jersey 1996Jersey

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Jersey
Jersey 

Unlimited Biking


Jersey - Introduction 1996
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Background: The island of Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II.


Jersey - Geography 1996
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Location: Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 117 km²
Land: 117 km²
Comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 70 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: Temperate; mild winters and cool summers

Terrain: Gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: 143 m

Natural resources: Agricultural land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 57%
Permanent crops: NA
Permanent pastures: NA
Forests and woodland: NA
Other: NA

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Jersey - People 1996
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Population:
87,848 (July 1996 est.)
86,649 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.77% (1996 est.)
0.7% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Channel Islander(s)
Adjective: Channel Islander

Ethnic groups: U.K. and Norman-French descent

Languages: English (official), French (official), Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts

Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
17% (male 7,787; female 7,284) (July 1996 est.)
17% (male 7,450; female 7,029) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
69% (male 29,928; female 30,395) (July 1996 est.)
69% (male 29,916; female 30,156) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
14% (male 5,107; female 7,347) (July 1996 est.)
14% (male 4,896; female 7,202) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.77% (1996 est.)
0.7% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
12.93 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
12.83 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
9.21 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
9.97 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
4.01 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
4.11 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: NA
International agreements note: Largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.95 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:2.7 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
4.6 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.36 years (1996 est.), 76.9 years (1995 est.)
Male: 75.63 years (1996 est.), 73.81 years (1995 est.)
Female: 81.39 years (1996 est.), 80.32 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.5 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.44 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: definition:NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Jersey - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
Conventional short form: Jersey

Government type: British crown dependency

Capital: Saint Helier

Administrative divisions: None (British crown dependency)

Dependent areas

Independence: None (British crown dependency)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)

Constitution: Unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice

Legal system: English law and local statute

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult

Executive branch
Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) Head of Government:Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief Sir Michael WILKES (since NA 1995) and Bailiff Philip Martin BAILHACHE (since NA 1995) were appointed by the queen
Cabinet: committees were appointed by the Assembly of the States

Legislative branch: Unicameral Assembly of the States:Elections last held NA (next to be held NA; results_no percent of vote by party since all are independents; seats_(56 total, 52 elected) 52 independents

Judicial branch: Royal Court, judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: None Diplomatic Representation in U.S.:None (British crown dependency) U.S. Diplomatic Representation:None (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Jersey: White with the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (patron saint of Ireland) extending to the corners of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Jersey - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The economy is based largely on financial services, agriculture, and tourism. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. In 1986 the finance sector overtook tourism as the main contributor to GDP, accounting for 40% of the island's output. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed alongside the traditional manufacturing of knitwear. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. GDP NA

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 8% (1987 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Potatoes, cauliflowers, tomatoes; dairy and cattle farming

Industries:
Tourism
Banking and finance
Dairy


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $643.7 million (1995 est.), $308 million (1985)
Expenditures: $597.2 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1995 est.), $284.4 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1985)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April_31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. NA
Commodities:
Light industrial and electrical goods
Foodstuffs
Textiles

Partners: U.K.

Imports: total value:NA
Commodities:
Machinery and transport equipment
Manufactured goods
Foodstuffs
Mineral fuels
Chemicals

Partners: U.K.

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Jersey pounds (#J) per US$1_0.6535 (January 1996), 0.6335 (1995), 0.6529 (1994), 0.6658 (1993), 0.5664 (1992), 0.5652 (1991), 0.5603 (1990; the Jersey pound is at par with the British pound


Jersey - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: power supplied by France

Electricity consumption
Per capita: NA kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Jersey - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 61,447 telephones (1983 est.)
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 3 submarine cables

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Jersey - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Jersey - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals


Jersey - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sightseeing Pass


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