Statistical information Algeria 1996Algeria

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Algeria - Introduction 1996
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Background: After a century of rule by France Algeria became independent in 1962. The surprising first round success of the fundamentalist FIS (Islamic Salvation Front) party in December 1991 balloting caused the army to intervene crack down on the FIS and postpone the subsequent elections. The FIS response has resulted in a continuous low-grade civil conflict with the secular state apparatus which nonetheless has allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties.


Algeria - Geography 1996
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Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 2,381,740 km²
Land: 2,381,740 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Texas

Land boundaries: Total 6,343 km, Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

Coastline: 998 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

Terrain: Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m
Extremes highest point: Tahat 3,003 m

Natural resources:
Petroleum
Natural gas
Iron ore
Phosphates
Uranium
Lead
Zinc

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 3%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 13%
Forests and woodland: 2%
Other: 82%

Irrigated land: 3,360 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Algeria - People 1996
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Population:
29,183,032 (July 1996 est.)
28,539,321 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
2.21% (1996 est.)
2.25% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Algerian(s)
Adjective: Algerian

Ethnic groups:
Arab-Berber 99%
European less than 1%


Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Religions:
Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%
Christian and Jewish 1%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
40% (male 5,910,543; female 5,701,647) (July 1996 est.)
41% (male 5,885,246; female 5,678,879) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
56% (male 8,319,650; female 8,162,816) (July 1996 est.)
56% (male 8,033,508; female 7,887,885) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
4% (male 510,308; female 578,068) (July 1996 est.)
3% (male 496,167; female 557,636) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
2.21% (1996 est.)
2.25% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
28.51 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
29.02 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
5.9 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
6.05 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
-0.49 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-0.49 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water
Current issues Natural hazards: mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides
International agreements: party to_Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
International agreements note: Second-largest country in Africa (after Sudan)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.02 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:48.7 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
50.3 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 68.31 years 91,996 est.), 68.01 years (1995 est.)
Male: 67.22 years (1996 est.), 66.94 years (1995 est.)
Female: 69.46 years (1996 est.), 69.13 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.59 children born/woman (1996 est.)
3.7 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 61.1%
Male: 73.9%
Female: 49%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Algeria - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria
Conventional short form: Algeria
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Shabiyah
Local short form: Al Jaza'ir

Government type: Republic

Capital: Algiers

Administrative divisions: 48 provinces (wilayas, singular_wilaya; Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen

Dependent areas

Independence: 5 July 1962 (from France)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Revolution, 1 November (1954)

Constitution: 19 November 1976, effective 22 November 1976; revised 3 November 1988 and 23 February 1989

Legal system: Socialist, based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Liamine ZEROUAL (appointed president 31 January 1994, elected president 16 November 1995) was elected for a five-year term by universal suffrage; election last held 16 November 1995 (next to be held NA); results_percent of vote NA
Head of government: Prime Minister Ahmed OUYAHIA (since 31 December 1995) was appointed by the president
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral; note_suspended since 1992 National People's Assembly (Al-Majlis Ech-Chaabi Al-Watani):First-round elections held 26 December 1991; second round canceled by the military after President BENDJEDID resigned 11 January 1992, effectively suspending the assembly (next election promised by late 1996 or early 1997; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(281 total) the fundamentalist FIS won 188 of the 231 seats contested in the first round

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OAU, OIC, OPEC, OSCE (partner), UN, UNAVEM III, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIH, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Algeria: Two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white with a red five-pointed star within a red crescent; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam (the state religion)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Algeria - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 57% of government revenues, 25% of GDP, and almost all export earnings; Algeria has the fifth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and ranks fourteenth for oil. Algiers' efforts to reform one of the most centrally planned economies in the Arab world began after the 1986 collapse of world oil prices plunged the country into a severe recession. In 1989, the government launched a comprehensive, IMF-supported program to achieve economic stabilization and to introduce market mechanisms into the economy. Despite substantial progress toward economic adjustment, in 1992 the reform drive stalled as Algiers became embroiled in political turmoil. In September 1993, a new government was formed, and one priority was the resumption and acceleration of the structural adjustment process. Buffeted by the slump in world oil prices and burdened with a heavy foreign debt, Algiers concluded a one-year standby arrangement with the IMF in April 1994. Following a Paris Club debt rescheduling in 1995 and a robust harvest, the economy experienced a strong recovery and key economic improvements.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
3.5% (1995 est.)
0.2% (1994 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 12% of GDP (1993) and employs 22% of labor force; products- wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits, sheep, cattle; net importer of food_grain, vegetable oil, sugar

Industries:
Petroleum
Light industries
Natural gas
Mining
Electrical
Petrochemical
Food processing


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA; accounts for 35% of GDP (including hydrocarbons)

Labor force: 6.2 million (1992 est.)
By occupation Government: 29.5%
By occupation Agriculture: 22%
By occupation Construction and public works: 16.2%
By occupation Industry: 13.6%
By occupation Commerce and services: 13.5%
By occupation Transportation and communication: 5.2% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
25% (1995 est.)
30% (1994 est.)


Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $14.3 billion
Expenditures: $17.9 billion (1995 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $9.5 billion (f.o.b., 1995 est.)
$9.1 billion (f.o.b., 1994)

Commodities: Petroleum and natural gas 97%
Partners:
Italy 21%
France 16%
U.S. 14%
Germany 13%
Spain 9%


Imports
Total value:
$10.6 billion (f.o.b., 1995 est.)
$9.2 billion (f.o.b., 1994 est.)

Commodities:
Capital goods 39.7%
Food and beverages 21.7%
Consumer goods 11.8% (1990)

Partners:
France 29%
Italy 14%
Spain 9%
U.S. 9%
Germany 7%


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $26 billion (1994)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Algerian dinars (DA) per US$1_53.003 (January 1996), 47.663 (1995), 35.059 (1994), 23.345 (1993), 21.836 (1992), 18.473 (1991), 8.958 (1990)


Algeria - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 18.3 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 587 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Algeria - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 862,000 telephones (1991 est.); excellent domestic and international service in the north, sparse in the south
Domestic: excellent service in north but sparse in south; domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations (20 additional domestic earth stations are planned)
International: 5 submarine cables; microwave radio relay to Italy, France, Spain, Morocco, and Tunisia; coaxial cable to Morocco and Tunisia; 2 INTELSAT (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), 1 Intersputnik, 1 ARABSAT earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Algeria - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $1.3 billion, 2.7% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Algeria - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 119
With paved runways over 3047 m: 8
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 24
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 13
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 4
With paved runways under 914 m: 17
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 3
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 19
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 31 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 8
2438 to 3047 m: 24
15-24 to 2437 m: 13
914 to 1523 m: 4
Under 914 m: 17

Airports with unpaved runways
2438 to 3047 m: 3
15-24 to 2437 m: 19
914 to 1523 m: 31 (1995 est.)

Heliports: 1 (1995 est.)

Pipelines: Crude oil 6,612 km; petroleum products 298 km; natural gas 2,948 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine
Total: 77 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 916,701 GRT/1,086,324 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 9, cargo 27, chemical tanker 7, liquefied gas tanker 10, oil tanker 5, roll-on/roll-off cargo 13, short-sea passenger 5, specialized tanker 1 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals


Algeria - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Undercover Tourist


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