Statistical information Anguilla 1996Anguilla

Map of Anguilla | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Anguilla in the World

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Anguilla - Introduction 1996
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Background: Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650 Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971 two years after a revolt Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.


Anguilla - Geography 1996
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Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 91 km²
Land: 91 km²
Comparative: about half the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 61 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: Tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds

Terrain: Flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m

Natural resources:
Negligible
Salt, fish, lobster

Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA
Permanent crops: NA
Permanent pastures: NA
Forests and woodland: NA
Other: NA (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds)

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Anguilla - People 1996
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Population:
10,424 (July 1996 est.)
7,099 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
3.45% (1996 est.)
0.66% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Anguillan(s)
Adjective: Anguillan

Ethnic groups: Black African

Languages: English (official)

Religions:
Anglican 40%
Methodist 33%
Seventh-Day Adventist 7%
Baptist 5%
Roman Catholic 3%
Other 12%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
28% (male 1,491; female 1,450) (July 1996 est.)
32% (male 1,115; female 1,129) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
64% (male 3,418; female 3,275) (July 1996 est.)
60% (male 2,126; female 2,101) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
8% (male 342; female 448) (July 1996 est.)
8% (male 266; female 362) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
3.45% (1996 est.)
0.66% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
17.84 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
24.09 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
5.66 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
8.03 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
22.35 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-9.44 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Current issues Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.02 male(s)/female Infant Mortality Rate:23 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
17.3 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.7 (1996 est.), 74.1 years (1995 est.)
Male: 73.75 years (1996 est.), 71.32 years (1995 est.)
Female: 79.74 years (1996 est.), 76.91 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.04 children born/woman (1996 est.)
3.05 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 12 and over that can read and write (1984)
Total population: 95%
Male: 95%
Female: 95%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Anguilla - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Anguilla

Government type: Dependent territory of the U.K.

Capital: The Valley

Administrative divisions: None (dependent territory of the U.K.)

Dependent areas

Independence: None (dependent territory of the U.K.)

National holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May

Constitution: Anguilla Constitutional Orders 1 April 1982; amended 1990

Legal system: Based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Alan W. SHAVE (since 14 August 1992)
Head of government: Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 March 1994)
Cabinet: Executive Council; appointed by the governor from the elected members of the House of Assembly

Legislative branch: Unicameral House of Assembly:Elections last held 16 March 1994 (next to be held March 1999; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(11 total, 7 elected) ANA 2, AUP 2, ADP 2, independent 1

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: Caricom (observer), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Anguilla: The flag of Anguilla is blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below. This flag is in use since may 1990; before this date the flag used to be three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below.

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Anguilla - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Output growth has averaged about 7% in recent years, mainly as a result of boom in tourism thanks to economic expansion in North America and the UK. The economy, and especially the tourism sector, suffered a setback in late 1995 due to the effects of Hurricane Luis in September. Agricultural output had only just begun to recover from a drought in 1994 when Luis hit. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financing sector. A comprehensive package of financial services legislation was enacted in late 1994. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend on the tourism sector and, therefore, on continuing income growth in the industrialized nations.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
6.5% (1994 est.)
7.5% (1992)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Pigeon peas, corn, sweet potatoes, sheep, goats, pigs, cattle, poultry, fishing (including lobster)

Industries:
Tourism
Boat building
Salt


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: 4,400 (1992)
By occupation Commerce: 36%
By occupation Services: 29%
By occupation Construction: 18%
By occupation Transportation and utilities: 10%
By occupation Manufacturing: 3%
By occupation Agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 7% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $13.5 million (1993), $13.8 million (1992 est.)
Expenditures: $17.6 million, including capital expenditures of $740,000 (1995 est.), $15.2 million, including capital expenditures of $2.4 million (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $556,000 (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: Lobster and salt
Partners: NA

Imports: total value:$33.5 million (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1_2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)


Anguilla - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 6 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 862 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Anguilla - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 890 telephones; modern internal telephone system
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: radio relay microwave link to island of Saint Martin

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Anguilla - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Anguilla - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals


Anguilla - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Airhelp


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