Statistical information Aruba 1996Aruba

Map of Aruba | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Aruba in the World
Aruba in the World


Aruba - Introduction 1996
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Background: Formerly one of the Netherlands Antilles Aruba became an autonomous part of the Netherlands in 1986.

Aruba - Geography 1996
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Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 193 km²
Land: 193 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 68.5 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: Tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: Flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Jamanota 188 m

Natural resources:
White sandy beaches

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Aruba - People 1996
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67,794 (July 1996 est.)
65,974 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.31% (1996 est.)
0.65% (1995 est.)

Noun: Aruban(s)
Adjective: Aruban

Ethnic groups: Mixed European/Caribbean Indian 80%

Languages: Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish

Roman Catholic 82%
Protestant 8%
Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
22% (male 7,850; female 7,155) (July 1996 est.)
23% (male 7,726; female 7,377) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
69% (male 22,499; female 24,596) (July 1996 est.)
69% (male 21,141; female 24,269) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
9% (male 2,353; female 3,341) (July 1996 est.)
8% (male 2,238; female 3,223) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.31% (1996 est.)
0.65% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
14.62 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
14.6 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
6.24 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
6.17 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-5.31 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-1.91 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.93 male(s)/female Infant Mortality Rate:8.2 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
8.3 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.68 years (1996 est.); 76.56 years (1995 est.)
Male: 73 years (1996 est.); 72.89 years (1995 est.)
Female: 80.55 years (1996 est.); 80.42 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.81 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.82 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: definition:NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Aruba - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Aruba

Government type: Part of the Dutch realm; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles

Capital: Oranjestad

Administrative divisions: None (self-governing part of the Netherlands)

Dependent areas

Independence: None (part of the Dutch realm; in 1990, Aruba requested and received from the Netherlands cancellation of the agreement to automatically give independence to the island in 1996)

National holiday: Flag Day, 18 March

Constitution: 1 January 1986

Legal system: Based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard (since 30 April 1980), represented by Governor General Olindo KOOLMAN (since 1 January 1992)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jan (Henny) H. EMAN (since 29 July 1994) and Deputy Prime Minister Glenbert F. CROES were appointed by the legislature
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed with the advice and approval of the legislature

Legislative branch: Unicameral Legislature (Staten):Elections last held 29 July 1994 (next to be held by NA July 1998; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(21 total) AVP 10, MEP 9, OLA 2

Judicial branch: Joint High Court of Justice

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ECLAC (associate), Interpol, IOC, UNESCO (associate), WCL, WToO (associate)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Aruba: Blue with two narrow horizontal yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Aruba - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Tourism is the mainstay of the Aruban economy, although offshore banking and oil refining and storage are also important. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Construction has boomed, with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. In addition, the reopening of the country's oil refinery in 1993, a major source of employment and foreign exchange earnings, has further spurred growth. Aruba's small labor force and less than 1% unemployment rate have led to a large number of unfilled job vacancies despite sharp rises in wage rates in recent years.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
6.1% (1994 est.)
5% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Poor quality soils and low rainfall limit agricultural activity to the cultivation of aloes, some livestock, and fishing

Transshipment facilities
Oil refining

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: NA
By occupation: Most employment is in the tourist industry (1995)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
0.5% (1994)
0.6% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $145 million
Expenditures: $185 million, including capital expenditures of $42 million (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $1.3 billion (including oil re-exports) (f.o.b., 1994)
Commodities: Mostly refined petroleum products
U.S. 64%

Imports: total value:$1.6 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
Consumer goods
Petroleum products
Crude oil for refining and re-export

U.S. 8%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external:
$669 million (December 1995)
$81 million (1987)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Aruban florins (Af.) per US$1: 1.7900 (fixed rate since 1986)

Aruba - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 330 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 4,761 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Aruba - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 22,922 telephones (1993 est.); more than adequate
Local: NA
Intercity: extensive interisland microwave radio relay links
International: 1 submarine cable to Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles)

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Aruba - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Aruba - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


2438 to 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1
Note: Government-owned airport east of Oranjestad accepts transatlantic flights

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals

Aruba - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Drug money laundering center and transit point for narcotics bound for the U.S. and Europe


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