Statistical information Azerbaijan 1996Azerbaijan

Map of Azerbaijan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Azerbaijan in the World
Azerbaijan in the World

Azerbaijan - Introduction 1996
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Background: Azerbaijan continues to be plagued by an unresolved eight-year-old conflict with Armenian separatists over its Nagorno-Karabakh region. The Karabakh Armenians have declared independence and seized almost 20% of the country's territory, creating almost 1 million Azeri refugees in the process. Both sides have generally observed a Russian-mediated cease-fire in place since May 1994, and support the OSCE-mediated peace process, now entering its fifth year. Nevertheless, Baku and Xankandi (Stepanakert, Nagorno-Karabakh region) remain far apart on most substantive issues from the placement and composition of a peacekeeping force to the enclave's ultimate political status, and prospects for a negotiated settlement remain dim.

Azerbaijan - Geography 1996
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Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 86,600 km²
Land: 86,100 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Maine
Comparative note: Includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991

Land boundaries: Total 2,013 km, Armenia (west) 566 km, Armenia (southwest) 221 km, Georgia 322 km, Iran (south) 432 km, Iran (southwest) 179 km, Russia 284 km, Turkey 9 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Note: Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (800 km, est.)

Maritime claims: None; landlocked

Climate: Dry, semiarid steppe

Terrain: Large, flat Kur-Araz Lowland (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag (Karabakh) Upland in west; Baku lies on Abseron (Apsheron) Peninsula that juts into Caspian Sea

Extremes lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
Extremes highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m

Natural resources:
Natural gas
Iron ore
Nonferrous metals

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 18%
Permanent crops: 4%
Permanent pastures: 25%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 53%

Irrigated land: 14,010 km² (1990)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Azerbaijan - People 1996
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7,676,953 (July 1996 est.)
7,789,886 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.78% (1996 est.)
1.32% (1995 est.)

Noun: Azerbaijani(s)
Adjective: Azerbaijani

Ethnic groups:
Azeri 90%
Dagestani Peoples 3.2%
Russian 2.5%
Armenian 2.3%
Other 2% (1995 est.)

Note: Almost all Armenians live in the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region

Languages: Azeri 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)

Muslim 93.4%
Russian Orthodox 2.5%
Armenian Orthodox 2.3%
Other 1.8% (1995 est.)

Note: Religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; actual practicing adherents are much lower

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
32% (male 1,270,812; female 1,215,781) (July 1996 est.)
33% (male 1,315,313; female 1,241,952) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
61% (male 2,293,688; female 2,423,222) (July 1996 est.)
61% (male 2,307,496; female 2,437,810) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
7% (male 179,048; female 294,402) (July 1996 est.)
6% (male 183,389; female 303,926) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.78% (1996 est.)
1.32% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
22.28 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
22.05 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
8.69 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
6.56 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-5.8 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-2.32 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: local scientists consider the Abseron (Apsheron) Peninsula (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, water, and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of DDT as a pesticide and also from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton
Current issues Natural hazards: droughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising levels of the Caspian Sea
International agreements: Climate Change; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity
International agreements note: Landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.95 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:74.5 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
33.9 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 64.84 years (1996 est.), 71.09 years (1995 est.)
Male: 60.13 years (1996 est.), 67.4 years (1995 est.)
Female: 69.78 years (1996 est.), 74.97 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.64 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.64 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1989)
Total population: 97%
Male: 99%
Female: 96%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Azerbaijan - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Azerbaijani Republic
Conventional short form: Azerbaijan
Local long form: Azarbaycan Respublikasi
Local short form: Azerbaycan
Former: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type: Republic

Capital: Baku (Baki)

Administrative divisions: 59 rayons (rayonlar; rayon_singular), 11 cities* (saharlar; sahar_singular), 1 autonomous republic** (muxtar respublika; Abscron Rayonu, Agcabadi Rayonu, Agdam Rayonu, Agdas Rayonu, Agstafa Rayonu, Agsu Rayonu, AliBayramli Sahari*, Astara Rayonu, Baki Sahari*, Balakan Rayonu, Barda Rayonu, Beylaqan Rayonu, Bilasuvar Rayonu, Cabrayil Rayonu, Calilabad Rayonu, Daskasan Rayonu, Davaci Rayonu, Fuzuli Rayonu, Gadabay Rayonu, Ganca Sahari*, Goranboy Rayonu, Goycay Rayonu, Haciqabul Rayonu, Imisli Rayonu, Ismayilli Rayonu, Kalbacar Rayonu, Kurdamir Rayonu, Lacin Rayonu, Lankaran Rayonu, Lankaran Sahari*, Lerik Rayonu, Masalli Rayonu, Mingacevir Sahari*, Naftalan Sahari*, Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi**, Neftcala Rayonu, Oguz Rayonu, Qabala Rayonu, Qax Rayonu, Qazax Rayonu, Qobustan Rayonu, Quba Rayonu, Qubadli Rayonu, Qusar Rayonu, Saatli Rayonu, Sabirabad Rayonu, Saki Rayonu, Saki Sahari*, Salyan Rayonu, Samaxi Rayonu, Samkir Rayonu, Samux Rayonu, Siyazan Rayonu, Sumqayit Sahari*, Susa Rayonu, Susa Sahari*, Tartar Rayonu, Tovuz Rayonu, Ucar Rayonu, Xacmaz Rayonu, Xankandi Sahari*, Xanlar Rayonu, Xizi Rayonu, Xocali Rayonu, Xocavand Rayonu, Yardimb Rayonu, Yevlax Rayonu, Yevlax Sahari*, Zangilan Rayonu, Zaqatala Rayonu, Zardab Rayonu

Dependent areas

Independence: 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day, 28 May

Constitution: Adopted NA April 1978; writing a new constitution

Legal system: Based on civil law system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Heydar ALIYEV (since 18 June 1993) was elected by popular vote; election last held 3 October 1993 (next to be held 1997 or 1998); results_Heydar ALIYEV won 97% of vote
Head of government: Prime Minister Fuad QULIYEV (since 9 October 1994), First Deputy Prime Ministers Abbas ABBASOV (since NA), Samed SADYKOV (since NA), Vahid AKHMEDOV (since NA), Elchin EFENDIYEV (since NA) were appointed by the president and confirmed by the Milli Mejlis
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president and confirmed by the Mejlis

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly (Milli Mejlis):Elections last held 12 and 26 November 1995 (next to be held NA; percent of vote by party NA; seats_(125 total) number of seats by party NA

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: BSEC, CCC, CIS, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NACC, NAM (observer), OIC, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Azerbaijan: Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), red, and green; a crescent and eight-pointed star in white are centered in red band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Azerbaijan - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Azerbaijan is less developed industrially than either Armenia or Georgia, the other Transcaucasian states. It resembles the Central Asian states in its majority nominally Muslim population, high structural unemployment, and low standard of living. The economy's most prominent products are oil, cotton, and gas. Production from the Caspian oil and gas field has been in decline for several years, but the November 1994 ratification of the $7.5 billion oil deal with a consortium of Western companies should generate the funds needed to spur future industrial development. Azerbaijan shares all the formidable problems of the ex-Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy, but its considerable energy resources brighten its long-term prospects. Baku has only recently begun making progress on economic reform, and old economic ties and structures have yet to be replaced. Whereas the economies of most of the former Soviet republics had begun to bottom out in 1995, Azerbaijan's economy continued to plummet because of its late start on economic reform.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
-17% (1995 est.)
-22% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep and goats

Petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment
Steel, iron ore, cement
Chemicals and petrochemicals

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate -21% (1995 est.), -25% (1994)

Labor force: 2.789 million
By occupation Agriculture and forestry: 32%
By occupation Industry and construction: 26%
By occupation Other: 42% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
2.3% includes officially registered unemployed; also large numbers of unregistered unemployed and underemployed workers (December 1995)
0.9% includes officially registered unemployed; also large numbers of other unemployed and underemployed workers (December 1994)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $465 million (1995 est.), $167.5 million (1994)
Expenditures: $488 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1995 est.), $234.6 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1994)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $549.9 million (f.o.b., 1995)
$366 million to non-FSU countries (f.o.b., 1994)

Oil and gas
Oilfield equipment
Cotton (1991)

Partners: Mostly CIS and European countries

Total value:
$681.5 million (c.i.f., 1995)
$296 million from non-FSU countries (c.i.f., 1994)

Machinery and parts
Consumer durables
Textiles (1991)

Partners: European countries

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $100 million (of which $75 million to Russia)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Manats per US$1_4,375 (April 1996), 4,500 (April 1995), 4,168 (end of December 1994)

Azerbaijan - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 2,200 kWh (1995 est.)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Azerbaijan - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 710,000 telephones; 202,000 persons waiting for telephone installations (January 1991); domestic telephone service is of poor quality and inadequate
Domestic: telephone service is of poor quality and inadequate; a joint venture to establish a cellular telephone system in the Baku area was supposed to become operational in 1994
International: cable and microwave radio relay connections to former Soviet republics; connection through Moscow international gateway switch to other countries; satellite earth stations_1 Intelsat and 1 Intersputnik (Intelsat provides service to Turkey and through Turkey to 200 more countries; Intersputnik provides direct service to New York)

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Azerbaijan - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Azerbaijan - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 69
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 6
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 17
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 7
With paved runways under 914 m: 33

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 6
15-24 to 2437 m: 17
914 to 1523 m: 7
Under 914 m: 33

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: Crude oil 1,130 km; petroleum products 630 km; natural gas 1,240 km




Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Azerbaijan - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Illicit cultivator of cannabis and opium poppy; mostly for CIS consumption; limited government eradication program; transshipment point for illicit drugs to Western Europe


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