Statistical information Brunei 1996Brunei

Map of Brunei | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Brunei in the World
Brunei in the World


Brunei - Introduction 1996
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Background: Although greatly reduced in size since its heyday of the 16th century the Sultanate of Brunei sits atop extensive petroleum and natural gas fields the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in the less developed countries.

Brunei - Geography 1996
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Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 5,770 km²
Land: 5,270 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Delaware

Land boundaries: Total 381 km, Malysia 381 km

Coastline: 161 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; hot, humid, rainy

Terrain: Flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

Extremes lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m

Natural resources:
Natural gas

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 1%
Forests and woodland: 79%
Other: 18%

Irrigated land: 10 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Brunei - People 1996
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299,939 (July 1996 est.)
292,266 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
2.56% (1996 est.)
2.63% (1995 est.)

Noun: Bruneian(s)
Adjective: Bruneian

Ethnic groups:
Malay 64%
Chinese 20%
Other 16%

Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese

Muslim (official) 63%
Buddhism 14%
Christian 8%
Indigenous beliefs and other 15% (1981)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
33% (male 51,266; female 49,194) (July 1996 est.)
34% (male 50,624; female 48,458) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
62% (male 98,806; female 88,323) (July 1996 est.)
62% (male 95,955; female 85,581) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
5% (male 6,843; female 5,507) (July 1996 est.)
4% (male 6,476; female 5,172) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
2.56% (1996 est.)
2.63% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
25.5 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
25.83 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
5.1 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.07 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
5.18 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.49 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are very rare
International agreements: party to_Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling; signed, but not ratified_Law of the Sea
International agreements note: Close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave of Malaysia

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.24 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.1 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:24.2 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
24.7 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.39 years (1996 est.); 71.24 years (1995 est.)
Male: 69.82 years (1996 est.); 69.65 years (1995 est.)
Female: 73.04 years (1996 est.); 72.91 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.39 children born/woman (1996 est.)
3.41 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 88.2%
Male: 92.6%
Female: 83.4%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Brunei - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam
Conventional short form: Brunei

Government type: Constitutional sultanate

Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan

Administrative divisions: 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular_daerah; Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 January 1984 (from U.K.)

National holiday: National Day 23 February (1984)

Constitution: 29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)

Legal system: Based on Islamic law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: None

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji HASSANAL Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah (since 5 October 1967)
Cabinet: Council of Cabinet Ministers is composed chiefly of members of the royal family, appointed and presided over by the sultan; deals with executive matters Religious Council:Is appointed by the sultan; advises on religious matters Privy Council:Is appointed by the sultan; deals with constitutional matters the Council of Succession:Is appointed by the sultan; determines the succession to the throne if the need arises

Legislative branch: Unicameral Legislative Council (Majlis Masyuarat Megeri):Elections last held in March 1962; in 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by decree of the sultan; an elected legislative Council is being considered as part of constitution reform, but elections are unlikely for several years

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, chief justice and judges are sworn in by the sultan for a three-year term

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: APEC, ASEAN, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDB, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, Mekong Group, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Brunei: Yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Brunei - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The economy is a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation and welfare measures, and village tradition. It is almost totally supported by exports of crude oil and natural gas, with revenues from the petroleum sector accounting for more than 40% of GDP. Per capita GDP is among the highest in the Third World, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements domestic production. The government provides for all medical services and subsidizes food and housing.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
2% (1995 est.)
-4% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Imports about 80% of its food needs; principal crops and livestock include rice, cassava, bananas, buffaloes, and pigs

Petroleum refining
Liquefied natural gas

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 12.9% (1987; accounts for 42% of GDP (1990), includes mining, quarrying, and manufacturing

Labor force: 119,000 (1993 est.), note_includes members of the Army
By occupation Government:

By occupation naturalgas services and construction:

By occupation forestry and fishing: 3.8% (1986)
By occupation note: 33% of labor force is foreign (1988)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
4.8% (1994 est.)
5% (1993 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $2.1 billion (1993); $1.5 billion
Expenditures: $2.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $427 million (1993); $1.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $255 million (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $2.4 billion (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
$2.2 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)

Crude oil
Liquefied natural gas
Petroleum products

Japan 50%
U.K. 19%
Thailand 10%
Singapore 9% (1991)

Total value:
$1.8 billion (c.i.f., 1994 est.)
$1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1993 est.)

Machinery and transport equipment
Manufactured goods

Singapore 29%
U.K. 19%
U.S. 13%
Japan 5%
Malaysia 9% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $0

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bruneian dollars (B$) per US$1: 1.4214 (January 1996), 1.4174 (1995), 1.5274 (1994), 1.6158 (1993), 1.6290 (1992), 1.7276 (1991), 1.8125 (1990; note_the Bruneian dollar is at par with the Singapore dollar

Brunei - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.2 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,971 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Brunei - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 76,900 telephones (1993); service throughout country is adequate for present needs; international service good to adjacent Malaysia
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 2 INTELSAT (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean) earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Brunei - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $312 million, 6.2% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Brunei - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 3 (1995 est.)

Pipelines: Crude oil 135 km; petroleum products 418 km; natural gas 920 km



Waterways: 209 km; navigable by craft drawing less than 1.2 meters

Merchant marine: total:7 liquefied gas carriers (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 348,476 GRT/340,635 DWT

Ports and terminals

Brunei - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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