Statistical information Burkina Faso 1996Burkina%20Faso

Map of Burkina Faso | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Burkina Faso in the World
Burkina Faso in the World


Burkina Faso - Introduction 1996
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Background: Independence from France came to Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) in 1960. Governmental instability during the 1970s and 1980s was followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Several hundred thousand farm workers migrate south every year to Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana.

Burkina Faso - Geography 1996
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Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 274,200 km²
Land: 273,800 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Colorado

Land boundaries: Total 3,192 km, Benin 306 km, Ghana 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: None; landlocked

Climate: Tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers

Terrain: Mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast

Extremes lowest point: Black Volta River 200 m
Extremes highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m

Natural resources:
Manganese, limestone, marble
Small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 37%
Forests and woodland: 26%
Other: 27%

Irrigated land: 160 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Burkina Faso - People 1996
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10,623,323 (July 1996 est.)
10,422,828 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
2.53% (1996 est.)
2.79% (1995 est.)

Noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)
Adjective: Burkinabe

Ethnic groups:
Mossi (about 2.5 million)
Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani

Languages: French (official), tribal languages belonging to Sudanic family, spoken by 90% of the population

Indigenous beliefs 40%
Muslim 50%
Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
48% (male 2,569,806; female 2,537,106) (July 1996 est.)
48% (male 2,517,245; female 2,488,662) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
49% (male 2,444,601; female 2,738,726) (July 1996 est.)
49% (male 2,378,957; female 2,707,601) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
3% (male 145,479; female 187,605) (July 1996 est.)
3% (male 145,785; female 184,578) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
2.53% (1996 est.)
2.79% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
47.02 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
48.05 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
19.99 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
18.22 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-1.74 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-1.9 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
Current issues Natural hazards: recurring droughts
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
International agreements note: Landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.94 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:117.8 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
116.9 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 43.21 (1996 est.), 46.6 years (1995 est.)
Male: 43.46 (1996 est.), 45.71 years (1995 est.)
Female: 42.95 years (1996 est.), 47.51 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
6.8 children born/woman (1996 est.)
6.88 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 19.2%
Male: 29.5%
Female: 9.2%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Burkina Faso - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Burkina Faso
Conventional short form: Burkina
Former: Upper Volta

Government type: Parliamentary

Capital: Ouagadougou

Administrative divisions: 30 provinces; Bam, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komoe, Kossi, Kouritenga, Mouhoun, Namentenga, Naouri, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Yatenga, Zoundweogo

Dependent areas

Independence: 5 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Revolution, 4 August (1983)

Constitution: 2 June 1991

Legal system: Based on French civil law system and customary law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: None

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Captain Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987); election last held December 1991
Head of government: Prime Minister Roch KABORE (since March 1994)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

Legislative branch: Unicameral Assembly of People's Deputies:Elections last held 24 May 1992 (next to be held 1997); results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(107 total), ODP-MT 78, CNPP-PSD 12, RDA 6, ADF 4, other 7
Note: The current law also provides for a second consultative chamber, which has not been formally constituted

Judicial branch: Appeals Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Burkina%20Faso: Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Burkina Faso - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: One of the poorest countries in the world, Burkina Faso has a high population density and a high population growth rate, few natural resources, and a fragile soil. Economic development is hindered by a poor communications network within a landlocked country. Agriculture is mainly subsistence farming. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the Communaute Financiere Africaine currency devaluation on 12 January 1994, exports appear to have risen, but no official figures have been released yet. The upswing apparently continued in 1995, with growth perhaps at 4%. The government has updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies, yet even with the best of plans, the government faces formidable problems on all sides.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
4% (1995 est.)
0.4% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for about 40% of GDP; cash crops_peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, cotton; food crops_sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock; not self-sufficient in food grains

Cotton lint
Agricultural processing
Gold mining and extraction

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 6.7% (1992; accounts for about 15% of GDP

Labor force: NA (most adults are employed in subsistance agriculture)
By occupation agriculture: 80%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation services and government: 5%
By occupation note: 20% of male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (1984)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $483 million
Expenditures: $548 million, including capital expenditures of $189 million (1992)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $273 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Animal products

EU 42%
Cote d'Ivoire 11%
Taiwan 15% (1992)

Imports: total value:$636 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Food products

EU 49%
Africa 24%
Japan 6% (1992)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external:
$1 billion (December 1993 est.)
$865 million (December 1991 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: CFA francs (CFAF) per US$1_500.56 (January 1996), 499.15 (1995), 555.20 (1994), 283.16 (1993), 264.69 (1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990)
Note: Beginning 12 January 1994 the CFA franc was devalued to CFAF 100 per French franc from CFAF 50 at which it had been fixed since 1948

Burkina Faso - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 190 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 17 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Burkina Faso - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 21,000 telephones (1993 est.); all services only fair
Local: NA
Intercity: microwave radio relay, wire, and radio communication stations
International: 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Burkina Faso - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $104 million, 6.4% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Burkina Faso - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 23
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 8
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 3
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 10 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 8
15-24 to 2437 m: 3
914 to 1523 m: 10 (1995 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Burkina Faso - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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