Statistical information Cambodia 1996Cambodia

Map of Cambodia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Cambodia - Introduction 1996
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Background: Following a five-year struggle communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh in 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; over 1 million displaced people died from execution or enforced hardships. A 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside and touched off 13 years of fighting. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy as did the rapid diminishment of the Khmer Rouge in the mid-1990s.


Cambodia - Geography 1996
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Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand and Vietnam

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 181,040 km²
Land: 176,520 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Oklahoma

Land boundaries: Total 2,572 km, Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

Coastline: 443 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November; dry season (December to April; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
Extremes highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

Natural resources:
Timber
Gemstones
Some iron ore
Manganese
Phosphates
Hydropower potential

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 16%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 3%
Forests and woodland: 76%
Other: 4%

Irrigated land: 920 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Cambodia - People 1996
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Population:
10,861,218 (July 1996 est.)
10,561,373 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
2.77% (1996 est.)
2.83% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Cambodian(s)
Adjective: Cambodian

Ethnic groups:
Khmer 90%
Vietnamese 5%
Chinese 1%
Other 4%


Languages: Khmer (official), French

Religions:
Theravada Buddhism 95%
Other 5%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
45% (male 2,505,998; female 2,432,620) (July 1996 est.)
46% (male 2,438,104; female 2,367,414) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
51% (male 2,579,986; female 3,007,838) (July 1996 est.)
51% (male 2,494,203; female 2,932,788) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
4% (male 143,759; female 191,017) (July 1996 est.)
3% (male 143,527; female 185,337) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
2.77% (1996 est.)
2.83% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
43.5 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
44.42 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
15.78 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
16.16 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand are resulting in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); deforestation; soil erosion; in rural areas, a majority of the population does not have access to potable water
Current issues Natural hazards: monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts
International agreements: party to_Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified_Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the sea, Marine Dumping
International agreements note: A land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.93 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:107.8 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
109.6 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 49.48 years (1996 est.), 49.46 years (1995 est.)
Male: 48.39 years (1996 est.), 48 years (1995 est.)
Female: 51.39 years (1996 est.), 51 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.81 children born/woman (1996 est.)
5.81 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1990 est.)
Total population: 35%
Male: 48%
Female: 22%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Cambodia - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Cambodia
Conventional short form: Cambodia
Local long form: Reacheanachak Kampuchea
Local short form: Kampuchea

Government type: Multiparty liberal democracy under a constitutional monarchy established in September 1993

Capital: Phnom Penh

Administrative divisions: 21 provinces (khet, singular and plural); Banteay Meanchey, Batdambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Spoe, Kampong Thum, Kampot, Kandal, Kaoh Kong, Kracheh, Mondol Kiri, Phnum Penh, Pouthisat, Preah Vihear, Prey Veng, Rotanokiri, Siemreab-Otdar Meanchey, Sihanoukville, Stoeng Treng, Svay Rieng, Takev
Note: Siemreab-Otdar Meanchey may have been divided into two provinces named Siemreab and Otdar Meanchey

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 November 1949 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day, 9 November 1949

Constitution: Promulgated September 1993

Legal system: Currently being defined

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: King Norodom SIHANOUK (reinstated 24 September 1993)
Head of government: power shared between First Prime Minister Prince Norodom RANARIDDH and Second Prime Minister HUN SEN
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; elected by the National Assembly

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly:Members elected for five-year terms; elections last held 23 May 1993 (next to be held NA 1998; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(120 total) FUNCINPEC 58, CPP 51, Buddhist Liberal Democratic Party 10, Molinaka 1
Note: the May 1993 elections were for the Constituent Assembly which became the National Assembly after the new constitution was promulgated in September 1993

Judicial branch: Supreme Court provided for by the constitution has not yet been established and the future judicial system is yet to be defined by law

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, AsDB, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, ITU, Mekong Group, NAM, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Cambodia:
A horizontal band of red separates two equal horizontal bands of blue with a white three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat in the center.
A blue flag with a white map of cambodia centered in the middle was used before.


National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Cambodia - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The Cambodian economy_virtually destroyed by decades of war_is slowly recovering. Government leaders are moving toward restoring fiscal and monetary discipline and have established good working relations with international financial institutions. Growth, starting from a low base, has been strong in 1991-95. Despite such positive developments, the reconstruction effort faces many tough challenges because of the persistence of internal political divisions and the related lack of confidence of foreign investors. Rural Cambodia, where 90% of about 9.5 million Khmer live, remains mired in poverty. The almost total lack of basic infrastructure in the countryside will hinder development and will contribute to a growing imbalance in growth between urban and rural areas over the near term. Moreover, the government's lack of experience in administering economic and technical assistance programs and rampant corruption among officials will slow the growth of critical public sector investment. The decline of inflation from the 1992 rate of more than 50% is one of the bright spots.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
6.7% (1995 est.)
5% (1994 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Mainly subsistence farming except for rubber plantations; main crops_rice, rubber, corn; food shortages_rice, meat, vegetables, dairy products, sugar, flour

Industries:
Rice milling
Fishing
Wood and wood products
Rubber
Cement
Gem mining


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 7.9% (1993 est.), accounts for 13.5% of GDP

Labor force: 2.5 million to 3 million
By occupation: Agriculture 80% (1988 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $210 million
Expenditures: $346 million, including capital expenditures of $120 million (1994 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $240.7 million (1995 est.)
$283.6 million (f.o.b., 1993)

Commodities:
Timber
Rubber
Soybeans
Sesame

Partners:
Singapore
Japan
Thailand
Hong Kong
Indonesia
Malaysia


Imports
Total value:
$630.5 million (1995 est.)
$479.3 million (c.i.f., 1993)

Commodities:
Cigarettes
Construction materials
Petroleum products
Machinery
Motor vehicles

Partners:
Singapore
Vietnam
Japan
Australia
Hong Kong
Indonesia


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $383 million to OECD members (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Riels (CR) per US$1_2,585 (December 1994), 2,470 (December 1993), 2,800 (September 1992), 500 (December 1991), 560 (1990), 159.00 (1988), 100.00 (1987)


Cambodia - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 160 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 14 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Cambodia - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 7,000 telephones (1981 est.); service barely adequate for government requirements and virtually nonexistent for general public
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: international service limited to Vietnam and other adjacent countries; satellite earth station_1 Intersputnik (Indian Ocean Region)

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Cambodia - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $85 million, 1.4% of GDP (1995 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Cambodia - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 14
2438 to 3047 m: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 7

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 2 (1995 est.)

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 3,700 km navigable all year to craft drawing 0.6 meters; 282 km navigable to craft drawing 1.8 meters

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals


Cambodia - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Increasingly used as a transshipment country for heroin produced in the Golden Triangle; growing money-laundering center; high-level narcotics-related corruption in government; possible small-scale heroin production; large producer of cannibis


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