Statistical information Christmas Island 1996Christmas%20Island

Map of Christmas Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Christmas Island in the World
Christmas Island in the World

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Christmas Island - Introduction 1996
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Background: Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery the island was annexed and settlement was begun by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. The phosphate mine closed in 1987 was reopened four years later but the need for an alternative industry has spurred investment in tourism. Old mining areas are being restored and almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.


Christmas Island - Geography 1996
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Location: Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 135 km²
Land: 135 km²
Comparative: about 0.8 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 138.9 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: Tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

Terrain: Steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

Elevation

Natural resources: Phosphate
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Christmas Island - People 1996
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Population:
813 (July 1996 est.)
889 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
-8.98% (1996 est.)
-9% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Christmas Islander(s)
Adjective: Christmas Island

Ethnic groups:
Chinese 61%
Malay 25%
European 11%
Other 3%
No indigenous population


Languages: English

Religions:
Buddhist 55%
Muslim 10%
Christian 15%
Other 20% (1991)


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
-8.98% (1996 est.)
-9% (1995 est.)


Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate: NA Infant Mortality Rate:NA

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: almost completely surrounded by a reef which can be a maritime hazard
International agreements: NA
International agreements note: Located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: NA
Male: NA
Female: NA

Total fertility rate: NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Christmas Island - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Christmas Island
Conventional short form: Christmas Island

Government type: Territory of Australia

Capital: The Settlement

Administrative divisions: None (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: None (territory of Australia)

National holiday: NA

Constitution: Christmas Island Act of 1958

Legal system: Under the authority of the governor general of Australia

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Administrator Danny Ambrose GILLESPIE (since NA) was appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the queen and Australia
Cabinet: Christmas Island Shire Council

Legislative branch: None

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: None

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Christmas%20Island: The flag of Australia is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Christmas Island - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity, but in December 1987 the Australian Government closed the mine as no longer economically viable. Private operators reopened the mine in 1990 under strict environmental controls, in particular to preserve the rain forest. A hotel and casino complex opened in 1993, and tourism is a likely growth sector. GDP NA

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: NA

Industries: Phosphate extraction (near depletion)

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: NA
Note: all workers are employees of the phosphate-mining Company of Christmas Island Ltd.
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: NA
Expenditures: NA, including capital expenditures of NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July_30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. NA
Commodities: Phosphate
Partners:
Australia
NZ


Imports: total value:NA
Commodities: Consumer goods
Partners: Principally Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1: 1.3477 (January 1996),1.3486 (1995), 1.3667 (1994), 1.4704, (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2836 (1991), 1.2799 (1990)


Christmas Island - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 30 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 17,800 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Christmas Island - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: NA telephones
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: NA

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Christmas Island - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Christmas Island - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals


Christmas Island - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Undercover Tourist


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