Statistical information Croatia 1996Croatia

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Croatia in the World
Croatia in the World

Qatar Airways


Croatia - Introduction 1996
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Background: In 1918 the Croats Serbs and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II Yugoslavia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 it took four years of sporadic but often bitter fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands.


Croatia - Geography 1996
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Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 56,538 km²
Land: 56,410 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries: Total 2,028 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia and Montenegro 266 km (241 km with Serbia; 25 km with Montenego), Slovenia 501 km

Coastline: 5,790 km (mainland 1,778 km, islands 4,012 km)

Maritime claims: Continental shelf:200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

Terrain: Geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coast, coastline, and islands

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Dinara 1,830 m

Natural resources:
Oil
Some coal
Bauxite
Low-grade iron ore
Calcium
Natural asphalt
Silica
Mica
Clays
Salt

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 32%
Permanent crops: 20%
Permanent pastures: 18%
Forests and woodland: 15%
Other: 15%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Croatia - People 1996
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Population:
5,004,112 (July 1996 est.)
4,665,821 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.58% (1996 est.)
0.13% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Croat(s)
Adjective: Croatian

Ethnic groups:
Croat 78%
Serb 12%
Muslim 0.9%
Hungarian 0.5%
Slovenian 0.5%
Others 8.1% (1991)


Languages: Serbo-Croatian 96%, other 4%

Religions:
Catholic 76.5%
Orthodox 11.1%
Slavic Muslim 1.2%
Protestant 0.4%
Others and unknown 10.8%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
18% (male 453,142; female 431,118) (July 1996 est.)
19% (male 442,064; female 418,272) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
69% (male 1,731,200; female 1,716,824) (July 1996 est.)
68% (male 1,588,455; female 1,592,187) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over: 13% (male 252,897; female 418,931) (July 1996 est.) 13% (male 230,193; female 394,650) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.58% (1996 est.)
0.13% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
9.83 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
11.02 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
11.33 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
10.55 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
7.31 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
0.77 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure in border areas affected by civil strife
Current issues Natural hazards: frequent and destructive earthquakes
Current issues international agreements: party to_Air Pollution, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea
Current issues note: Controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.95 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:10.2 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
8.4 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 72.81 years (19,966 est.), 74.02 years (1995 est.)
Male: 69.13 years (1996 est.), 70.59 years (1995 est.)
Female: 76.72 years (1996 est.), 77.65 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.4 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.62 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1991)
Total population: 97%
Male: 99%
Female: 95%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Croatia - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Croatia
Conventional short form: Croatia
Local long form: Republika Hrvatska
Local short form: Hrvatska

Government type: Parliamentary democracy

Capital: Zagreb

Administrative divisions: 21 counties (zupanijas, zupanija_
Singular: Bjelovar-Bilogora, City of Zagreb, Dubrovnik-Neretva, Istra, Karlovac, Koprivnica-Krizevci, Krapina-Zagorje, Lika-Senj, Medimurje, Osijek-Baranja, Pozega-Slavonija, Primorje-Gorski Kotar, Sibenik, Sisak-Moslavina, Slavonski Brod-Posavina, Split-Dalmatia, Varazdin, Virovitica-Podravina, Vukovar-Srijem, Zadar-Knin, Zagreb

Dependent areas

Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

National holiday: Statehood Day, 30 May (1990)

Constitution: Adopted on 22 December 1990

Legal system: Based on civil law system

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Franjo TUDJMAN (since 30 May 1990); election last held 4 August 1992 (next to be held NA 1997); results_Franjo TUDJMAN reelected with about 56% of the vote; his opponent Dobroslav PARAGA got 5% of the vote
Head of government: Prime Minister Zlatko MATESA (since NA November 1995) and Deputy Prime Ministers Mate GRANIC (since 8 September 1992), Ivica KOSTOVIC (since 14 October 1993), Jure RADIC (since NA October 1994), Borislav SKEGRO (since 3 April 1993), and Ljerka MINTAS-HODAS (since November 1995) were appointed by the president
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

Legislative branch: Bicameral parliament Assembly (Sabor) House of Districts (Zupanije Dom):Elections last held 7 and 21 February 1993 (next to be held NA February 1997; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(68 total; 63 elected, 5 presidentially appointed) HDZ 37, HSLS 16, HSS 5, Istrian Democratic Assembly 3, SPH-SDP 1, HNS 1 House of Representatives (Predstavnicke Dom):Elections last held 29 October 1995 (next to be held NA 1999; results_HDZ 45.23%, HSS/IDS/HNS/HKDU/SBHS 18.26%, HSLS 11.55%, SDP 8.93%, HSP 5.01%; seats_(127 total) HDZ 75, HSLS 12, HSS 10, SDP 10, IDS 4, HSP 4, HNS 2, SNS 2, HND 1, ASH 1, HKDU 1, SBHS 1, independents 4

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, judges appointed for eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the Chamber of Representatives; Constitutional Court, judges appointed for eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the Chamber of Representatives

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CCC, CE (guest), CEI, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (observer), OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Croatia: Red, white, and blue horizontal bands with Croatian coat of arms (red and white checkered)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Croatia - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Before the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Croatia, after Slovenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area, with a per capita output perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. Croatia faces considerable economic problems stemming from:the legacy of longtime communist mismanagement of the economy; large foreign debt; damage during the internecine fighting to bridges, factories, power lines, buildings, and houses; the large refugee population, both Croatian and Bosnian; and the disruption of economic ties to Serbia and the other former Yugoslav republics, as well as within its own territory. Western aid and investment, especially in the tourist and oil industries, would help restore the economy. The government has been successful in some reform efforts including stabilization policies and has normalized relations with creditors. Yet it still is struggling with privatization of large state enterprises and with bank reform. The draft 1996 budget, which had raised concerns about inflation, capitalizes on the "peace dividend" to boost expenditures on the repair and upgrading of infrastructure.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
1.5% (1995 est.)
3.4% (1994 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Croatia normally produces a food surplus; most agricultural land in private hands and concentrated in Croat-majority districts in Slavonia and Istria; much of Slavonia's land has been put out of production by fighting; wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflowers, alfalfa, and clover are main crops in Slavonia; central Croatian highlands are less fertile but support cereal production, orchards, vineyards, livestock breeding, and dairy farming; coastal areas and offshore islands grow olives, citrus fruits, and vegetables

Industries:
Chemicals and plastics
Machine tools
Fabricated metal
Electronics
Pig iron and rolled steel products
Aluminum reduction
Paper
Wood products (including furniture)
Building materials (including cement)
Textiles
Shipbuilding
Petroleum and petroleum refining
Food processing and beverages


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 0.9% (1995 est.), -4% (1994 est.)

Labor force: 1.444 million (1995)
By occupation industry and mining: 31.1%
By occupation agriculture: 4.3% (1981 est.)
By occupation government: 19.1% (including education and health)
By occupation other: 45.5% (1993)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
18.1% (January 1996)
17% (December 1994)


Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $3.86 billion
Expenditures: $3.72 billion, including capital expenditures of $320 million (1994 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $4.3 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
$3.9 billion (f.o.b., 1993)

Commodities:
Machinery and transport equipment 13.6%
Miscellaneous manufactures 27.6%
Chemicals 14.2%
Food and live animals 12.2%
Raw materials 6.1%
Fuels and lubricants 9.4%
Beverages and tobacco 2.7% (1993)

Partners:
Germany 22.9%
Italy 21.2%
Slovenia 18.3% (1993)


Imports
Total value:
$5.2 billion (c.i.f., 1994)
$4.7 billion (c.i.f., 1993)

Commodities:
Machinery and transport equipment 23.1%
Fuels and lubricants 8.8%
Food and live animals 9.0%
Chemicals 14.2%
Miscellaneous manufactured articles 16.0%
Raw materials 3.5%
Beverages and tobacco 1.4% (1993)

Partners:
Germany
Italy
Slovenia
Iran


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external:
$3.15 billion (September 1995)
$2.9 billion (September 1994)


Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Croatian kuna per U.S. $1_5.405 (January 1996), 5.230 (1995), 5.996 (1994), 3.577 (1993)


Croatia - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 11.234 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 2,000 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Croatia - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 1.216 million telephones (1993 est.)
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: no satellite links

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Croatia - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Croatia - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 68
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 6
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 7
With paved runways under 914 m: 47

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 6
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 7
Under 914 m: 47

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 2 (1995 est.)

Pipelines: Crude oil 670 km; petroleum products 20 km; natural gas 310 km (1992; note_now disrupted because of territorial dispute

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 785 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine
Total: 39 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 203,495 GRT/252,818 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 2, cargo 23, chemical tanker 1, container 3, oil tanker 1, passenger 2, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 2, short-sea passenger 4
Note: Croatia owns an additional 140 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,368,035 DWT operating under the registries of Malta, Liberia, Cyprus, Panama, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals


Croatia - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Iberostar Hotels


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