Statistical information Dominica 1996Dominica

Map of Dominica | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Dominica in the World
Dominica in the World

Dominica - Introduction 1996
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Background: Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763 which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980 two years after independence Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES the first female prime minister in the Caribbean who remained in office for 15 years.

Dominica - Geography 1996
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Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about one-half of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 750 km²
Land: 750 km²
Comparative: slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 148 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall

Terrain: Rugged mountains of volcanic origin

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Morne Diablatins 1,447 m

Natural resources: Timber
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 13%
Permanent pastures: 3%
Forests and woodland: 41%
Other: 34%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Dominica - People 1996
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82,926 (July 1996 est.)
82,608 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.38% (1996 est.)
0.4% (1995 est.)

Noun: Dominican(s)
Adjective: Dominican

Ethnic groups: Black, Carib Indians

Languages: English (official), French patois

Roman Catholic 77%
Protestant 15% (Methodist 5%
Pentecostal 3%
Seventh-Day Adventist 3%
Baptist 2%
Other 2%), none 2%
Unknown 1%
Other 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
28% (male 11,986; female 11,521) (July 1996 est.)
29% (male 12,130; female 11,665) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
64% (male 27,206; female 25,841) (July 1996 est.)
64% (male 26,890; female 25,606) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
8% (male 2,608; female 3,764) (July 1996 est.)
7% (male 2,593; female 3,724) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.38% (1996 est.)
0.4% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
18.38 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
18.63 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
5.31 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.33 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-9.32 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-9.36 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.02 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:9.6 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
9.9 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.4 years (1996 est.); 77.2 years (1995 est.)
Male: 74.55 (1996 est.); 74.35 years (1995 est.)
Female: 80.4 years (1996 est.); 80.2 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.93 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.95 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that has ever attended school (1970)
Total population: 94%
Male: 94%
Female: 94%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Dominica - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Commonwealth of Dominica
Conventional short form: Dominica

Government type: Parliamentary democracy

Capital: Roseau

Administrative divisions: 10 parishes; Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick, Saint Paul, Saint Peter

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1978 (from U.K.)

National holiday: Independence Day, 3 November (1978)

Constitution: 3 November 1978

Legal system: Based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Crispin Anselm SORHAINDO (since 25 October 1993) election last held 4 October 1993 (next to be held NA October 1998); results_President Crispin Anselm SORHAINDO was elected by the House of Assembly to a five-year term
Head of government: Prime Minister Edison C. JAMES (since 12 June 1995); prime minister is appointed by the president
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral House of Assembly:Elections last held 12 June 1995 (next to be held by October 2000; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(30 total; 9 appointed senators and 21 elected representatives) UWP 11, DLP 5, DFP 5

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (located in Santa Lucia), one of the six judges must reside in Dominica and preside over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, NAM (observer), OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WMO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Dominica: Green with a centered cross of three equal bands_the vertical part is yellow (hoist side), black, and white_the horizontal part is yellow (top), black, and white; superimposed in the center of the cross is a red disk bearing a sisserou parrot encircled by 10 green five-pointed stars edged in yellow; the 10 stars represent the 10 administrative divisions (parishes)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Dominica - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The economy is dependent on agriculture and thus is highly vulnerable to climatic conditions. Agriculture accounts for 26% of GDP and employs 40% of the labor force. Development of the tourist industry remains difficult because of the rugged coastline and the lack of an international airport. Hurricane Luis devastated the country's banana crop in September 1995; tropical storms had wiped out one-quarter of the crop in 1994 as well. The newly elected government is attempting to develop an offshore financial industry in order to diversify the island's production base.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
-1% (1995 est.)
1.6% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 30% of GDP; principal crops_bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, coconuts; bananas provide the bulk of export earnings; forestry and fisheries potential not exploited

Coconut oil
Cement blocks

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate -10% (1994 est.), accounts for 7% of GDP

Labor force: 25,000
By occupation Agriculture: 40%
By occupation Industry and commerce: 32%
By occupation Services: 28% (1984)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $80 million (FY95/96 est.); $70 million (FY90/91 est.)
Expenditures: $95.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY95/96 est.); $84 million, including capital expenditures of $26 million (FY90/91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July_30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $48.3 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Bay oil

U.K. 55%
CARICOM countries

Imports: total value:$98.8 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Manufactured goods
Machinery and equipment

U.S. 25%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $92.8 million (1992)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1_2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)

Dominica - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 30 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 347 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Dominica - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 14,613 telephones (1993 est.); fully automatic network
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: SHF radio and microwave radio relay links to Martinique and Guadeloupe; VHF and UHF radio links to Saint Lucia

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Dominica - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Dominica - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals

Dominica - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Transshipment point for narcotics bound for the U.S. and Europe; minor cannabis producer

World Nomads

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