Statistical information Federated States of Micronesia 1996Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia

Map of Federated States of Micronesia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Federated States of Micronesia in the World
Federated States of Micronesia in the World


Federated States of Micronesia - Introduction 1996
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Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia a UN Trust Territory under US administration adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment overfishing and overdependence on US aid.

Federated States of Micronesia - Geography 1996
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Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 702 km²
Land: 702 km²
Comparative: slightly less than four times the size of Washington, DC
Comparative note: Includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Truk (Chuuk), Yap, and Kosrae

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 6,112 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasional severe damage

Terrain: Islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Totolom 791 m

Natural resources:
Marine products
Deep-seabed minerals

Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA
Permanent crops: NA
Permanent pastures: NA
Forests and woodland: NA
Other: NA

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Federated States of Micronesia - People 1996
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125,377 (July 1996 est.)
122,950 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
3.34% (1996 est.)
3.35% (1995 est.)

Noun: Micronesian(s)
Adjective: Micronesian; Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese

Ethnic groups: Nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Languages: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean

Roman Catholic 50%
Protestant 47%
Other and none 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: 35% (est.)
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
3.34% (1996 est.)
3.35% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
27.94 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
28.12 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
6.22 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
6.3 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 11.65 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
11.65 migrants/1000 population 1995 est. Infant Mortality Rate:
35.8 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
36.52 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea
International agreements note: Four major island groups totaling 607 islands

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.99 years (1996 est.), 67.81 years (1995 est.)
Male: 66.02 years (1996 est.), 65.84 years (1995 est.)
Female: 69.99 years (1996 est.), 69.81 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.96 children born/woman (1996 est.)
3.98 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1980)
Total population: 89%
Male: 91%
Female: 88%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Federated States of Micronesia - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Conventional short form: none
Former: Kosrae, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands) Abbreviation:FSM

Government type: Constitutional government in free association with the U.S.; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

Capital: Kolonia (on the island of Pohnpei)
Note: A new capital is being built about 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk (Truk), Yap

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

Constitution: 10 May 1979

Legal system: Based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: President Bailey OLTER (since 21 May 1991) and Vice President Jacob NENA (since 21 May 1991) were elected by the Congress from among the four Senators-at-Large; election last held 11 May 1995 (next to be held NA May 1999); results_Bailey OLTER reelected to a second term as president; Jacob NENA reelected to a second term as vice president
Cabinet: Cabinet

Legislative branch: Unicameral Congress:Elections last held 7 March 1995 (next to be held NA March 1999; results_percent of vote NA; seats_(14 total) independents 14

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB, ESCAP, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, Intelsat, ITU, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia: Light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Federated States of Micronesia - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the 1990s. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
1.4% (1994 est.)
4% (1994)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Mainly a subsistence economy; black pepper; tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava, sweet potatoes, pigs, chickens

Fish processing
Craft items from shell
And pearls

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: NA
By occupation: Two-thirds are government employees
By occupation note: 45,000 people are between the ages of 15 and 65
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 27% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $45 million
Expenditures: $31 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY94/95 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October_30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $29.1 million (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
$3.2 million (f.o.b., 1990)

Black pepper


Total value:
$141.1 million (c.i.f., 1994 est.)
$91.2 million (c.i.f., 1990)

Manufactured goods
Machinery and equipment


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $129 million

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: U.S. currency is used

Federated States of Micronesia - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 380 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Federated States of Micronesia - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 960 telephones on Kolonia and Truk
Local: NA
Intercity: islands interconnected by shortwave radio (used mostly for government purposes
International: 4 INTELSAT (Pacific Ocean) earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Federated States of Micronesia - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Federated States of Micronesia - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5
15-24 to 2437 m: 4
Under 914 m: 1 Micronesia, Federated States Of, Communications

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals

Federated States of Micronesia - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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